Authors of the Quran:-
Anyone researching and investigating the origins of the Quran will find that a lot of people were involved in its compilation and construction.
Unknown to the vast majority of Muhammadans, and buried deep inside the Quran, Ahadith and Sirah, there is copious evidence to reject, out of hand, the contention that the Quran is the creation of Allah.
Making Allah the author of the Quran, is the prime and most groteque lie and deception that was ever perpetrated upon the human intellect for more than 1400 years.
One can say with a great measure of certainty, that the Quran was either composed or inspired and written by a few other individuals. The most notable among them were:
Imrul Qays- an ancient poet of Arabia who died a few decades before Muhammad's birth
Zayd b. Amr b. Naufal- an 'apostate' of his time who preached and propagated Hanifism
Labid- another poet
Hasan b. Thabit- the official poet of Muhammad
Salman - the Persian-Muhammad's confidante' and an advisor
Bahira- a Nestoraian Christian monk of the Syrian church
Jabr- a Christian neighbour of Muhammad
Ibn Qumta- a Christian slave
Khadijah- Muhammad's first wife
Waraqa- Khadijah's cousin brother
Ubay b. Ka'b- Muhammad's secretary and a Qur'an scribe
Muhammad - himself
Bahira was a Nestorian Christian monk who lived in Sham (Syria). His Christian name was Sergius or Georgius. It is believed that he was expelled from the monastery for certain offences. To expiate it, he set out on a mission to Arabia.
In Mecca, he met Muhammad, became intimate with him and stayed with him. He had confidential conversations with Muhammad, in which he surely told Muhammad many facets of Christianity. The verses in the Quran dealing with Christianity must have emanated from Bahira, the monk. Muhammad simply re-wrote them with the help of his Quran collectors or scribes.
It is believed that the Quranic verses on the Psalms of David were actually the contribution of Bahira. These verses are:
4.163 We have sent thee inspiration, as We sent it to Noah and the Messengers after him: we sent inspiration to Abraham, Isma'il, Isaac, Jacob and the Tribes, to Jesus, Job, Jonah, Aaron, and Solomon, and to David We gave the Psalms [Zaboura].
17.55 And it is your Lord that knoweth best all beings that are in the heavens and on earth: We did bestow on some prophets more (and other) gifts than on others: and We gave to David (the gift of) the Psalms [Zaboura].
21.105 Before this We wrote in the Psalms [al Zabouri], after the Message (given to Moses): My servants the righteous, shall inherit the earth."
[In fact, the Dictionary Islam (p.698) writes that the last quoted verse (21.105) is a direct quote from Psalm 37.29]
Psalm 37:29 " The righteous will inherit the earth and dwell forever upon it"
Here are some sample verses which most likely were contributed by Bahira:
2:101 And when came to them an Apostle from Allah confirming what was with them a party of the people of the Book threw away the Book of Allah behind their backs as if (it had been something) they did not know!
***Even when Muhammad confirmed the previous scriptures, the Jews and the Christians rejected him ***
2:113 The Jews say: "The Christians have naught (to stand) upon"; and the Christians say: "The Jews have naught (to stand) upon." Yet they (profess to) study the (same) Book. Like unto their word is what those say who know not but Allah will judge between them in their quarrel on the Day of Judgment
*** The Quran implies that the Jews and the Christians quarrel with each other even though they study the same book.
Of course the Quran is, as usual, WRONG, since the Jews and Christians have no quarrel with each other regarding the Hebrew Bible but ONLY regarding the New Testament which the Jews do not accept since it is not part of the Divine Revelations at Mount Sinai***
2:139 Say: Will ye dispute with us about Allah seeing that He is our Lord and your Lord; that we are responsible for our doings and ye for yours; and that we are sincere (in our faith) in Him?
*** This verse implies that the 'Islamic', the Jewish and the Christian God is the same God, do not argue on this; Allah will reward each group according to their deeds…
In reality, Allah was never the god of Israel or of Jesus since Allah was ONLY the name of the rock god of the Ka'ba, the Black Stone***
3:23 The Jews and the Christians are invited to believe in the Book of Allah to settle their disputes...
*** The Quran has nothing either equal to or superior to anythnig that it, the QURAN, had PLAGIARIZED, PLUNDERED, PIRATED and/or PERVERTED from the BIBLE, to justify that the People of the Book should believe in it or to use it as a GUIDE ***
3:78 Some Jews and Christians twisted their scriptures and passed them as Allah's messages…
*** According to the Hadiths, SOME Jews and Christians re INTERPRETED some of the Biblical instructions and modified them to suit the changes in Time and Culture such as the STONING of Fornicators; UNLIKE Muhammadan Islam which is PERPETUALLY stuck in the QUAGMIRE of the SEVENTH CENTURY ***
4:51 Some Jews and Christians believe in baseless powers of mysteries and the powers of evil...
*** Look who is TALKING ! The Quran and 'Islamic' books on its interpretation, use Jinn, Shaytans, Iblis, the Stars etc both as WITNESSES to the 'VERACITY' of the Quran and as PARALLEL races indistinguishable from HUUMANS except in their structure. If these are not attributes of PAGANISM, nothing else can be ***
5:14 Christians forgot a good part of the message; so, Allah condemned them to animosity and hatred among themselves...
*** The Quran conveniently condemns BOTH the Jews and the Christians of having abandoned ' a good part of the message' thus giving itself a superior theological and moral position.
Unfortunately, Muhammad did not live longer to see that his followers DEGENERATED into the ABYSS of immorality and inhumanity towards their own numerous SECTS also, due to his teachings ***
5:66 If only they had stood fast by the Law the Gospel and all the revelation that was sent to them from their Lord they would have enjoyed happiness from every side. There is from among them a party on the right course; but many of them follow a course that is evil.
5:111 "And behold! I inspired the Disciples to have faith in Me and Mine Apostle: they said `We have faith and do thou bear witness that we bow to Allah as Muslims'."
*** The Disciples of Jesus were of course of the faith of the Jews and hence Monotheists; automatically, that makes them MUSLIMS.
Anyone, from anywhere in the UNIVERSE who proclaims the UNITY of GOD, is a MUSLIM.
Being a MUSLIM has absolutely nothing to do with either believing in the Quran or in Muhammad ***
10:94-95 Muhammad was to learn from the Jews and the Christians; the Quran contains the messages of these books...
28:53 Some Jews and Christians are actually Muslims; they believed in the Quran…
29:46 And dispute ye not with the People of the Book except with means better (than mere disputation) unless it be with those of them who inflict wrong (and injury): but say "We believe in the Revelation which has come down to us and in that which came down to you; Our Allah and your Allah is one; and it is to Him we bow (in Islam)."
*** 'Muslims' are to believe in the Quran as well as in the other books sent down by Allah; Muhammad's Allah and the God of the Jews and Christians are the same ***
57:27 Allah bestowed Gospel to Jesus and ordained compassion and mercy to his followers; Allah did not prescribe monasticism to the Christians...
*** The Quran is of course WRONG again since the Gospels were NOT bestowed to Jesus as they were written DECADES AFTER his DEATH ***
It is not clear why Bahira was expelled from the Syrian church. Could it be that he held views on Christianity that were blasphemous to the Nestorian church? No one knows. Any way, Muhammad had a wealth of information on Christianity (apocryphal or main-stream) from this monk.
It is interesting to note that Quran mentions that Muhammad was, in fact, taught by a foreigner, but Allah tried to deny the truth by implying that the language of Muhammad and the language of the foreigner were different. This obviously, is completely untrue, as we note that Muhammad, during his trip to Sham (Syria) had met Bahira, and had no difficulty in communicating with him. Here is the verse that says that Muhammad was taught by a foreigner:
16.103 We know indeed that they say, "It is a man that teaches him." The tongue of him they wickedly point to is notably foreign, while this is Arabic, pure and clear.
*** Although the one teaching Muhammad is Foreign, this does not preclude the fact that Muhammad could have none the less recited the verses in Arabic.
No miracle whatsoever was needed to accomplish this ***
The Dictionary of Islam (Hughes Dictionary of Islam, p.223) writes that Jabr was one of Ahlu-l-Kitab (People of the Book) and was well-read in the Taurat and Injil (Gospels), and Muhammad used to hear him read these books as he passed by his house. Muhammad must have learned from Jabr many of those Suras dealing with the traditions of the Christians and the Jews. Most likely the verses on David and Solomon were composed by Jabr. Some of these verses are (only the main messages are shown here; for details read the entire verse):
David slew Goliath...2:251
Psalms were given to David...4:163
Allah is discriminatory; he prefers some prophets to others; he gave Psalms to David…17:55
Allah witnessed the judgment of David and Solomon…21:78
Allah gave Solomon the correct understanding; He made the mountains and the birds to serve David…21:79
Allah taught David the skill of war-shield making…21:80
Before the Qur'an, Allah sent messages in the Psalms of David...21:105
Allah gave knowledge to David and Solomon…27:15
Solomon's father was David. Solomon was the heir of David; Solomon understood the speeches of birds, beasts and plants…27:16
Solomon had control over Jinns; the Jinns and birds fought in Solomon's army…27:17
Allah put the mountains under the command of David; taught him how to make weapons from iron…34:10-11
Allah had put the mountains, birds for David's service and endowed him with wisdom and logic…38:18-20
Allah forgave David's sins...38:25
Allah made David a ruler on earth and gave him the authority to issue fair judgment by God's laws and by his personal opinions…38:26
*** Of course, most of the 'stories' above are NOT in the BIBLE but were PLAGIARISED and PERVERTED from the later teachings of the Jews and Christians ***
Ibn Qumta was a Christian slave who lived in Mecca. Muhammad learned about the apocryphal gospel of Christianity (such as: The Gospel of Infancy and The Gospel of Barnabas) from him. The entire Sura on Mary and the birth of Jesus Christ (Sura 19) was probably written by this Christian slave.
Sourcing from Wakidi, Alphonso Mingana, in his essay, The Transmission of the Koran, The Origins of The Koran, p.103, writes:
'A more ancient historian, Wakidi, has the following sentence in which it is suggested that 'Abdallah b. Sa'd b. Abi Sarh, and a Christian slave, ibn Qumta, had something to do with the Koran.
And ibn Abi Sarh came back and said to Quraish: "It was only a Christian slave who was teaching him (Muhammad); I used to write to him and change whatever I wanted."'
Please note that Abdallah b. Sa'd b Abi Sarh was Muhammad's trusted scribe. When Muhammad migrated to Medina Abdallah also followed him. Whenever Muhammad went into a trance he would dictate Abdallah to write down his utterances. When Abdallah suggested some changes to Muhammad's lisping, Muhammad would readily agree with Abdallah. An example is when Muhammad was dictating 23:12-14.
23.12 Man We did create from a quintessence (of clay);
23.13 Then We placed him as (a drop of) sperm in a place of rest, firmly fixed;
23.14 Then We made the sperm into a clot of congealed blood; then of that clot We made a (foetus) lump; then we made out of that lump bones and clothed the bones with flesh; then we developed out of it another creature. So blessed be Allah, the best to create!
*** All the above CREATION stories are NOT Biblical but were enrirely from Muhammad's misunderstanding of such stories from other cults and beliefs ***
Abdallah suggested some modifications to the last verse, Muhammad quickly agreed with Abdallah. This led Abdallah to suspect Muhammad's claim of reception of messages from Allah, apostatised and left Medina for Mecca. He then proclaimed that he (Abdallah) too could easily write the Qur'anic verses being inspired by Allah.
Muhammad was furious and sought Allah's help. Allah promptly sent down verse 6:93, condemning any one else who claims to be inspired by Allah. Here is the verse:
6.93 Who can be more wicked than one who inventeth a lie against Allah, or saith, "I have received inspiration," when he hath received none, or (again) who saith, "I can reveal the like of what Allah hath revealed"? If thou couldst but see how the wicked (do fare) in the flood of confusion at death! - the angels stretch forth their hands, (saying),"Yield up your souls: this day shall ye receive your reward,- a penalty of shame, for that ye used to tell lies against Allah, and scornfully to reject of His signs!"
When Muhammad occupied Mecca he earmarked 8 [or10 (6 men, 4 women) according to Ibn Sa'd, vol. ii, p165] people to be killed even if they were found in the precinct of Ka'ba. Abdallah was one of them.
Sunan of Abu-DawoodHadith 2677 Narrated bySa'd
On the day when Mecca was conquered, the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) gave protection to the People except four men and two women and he named them. Ibn AbuSarh was one of them. He then narrated the tradition. He said: Ibn AbuSarh hid himself with Uthman ibn Affan. When the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) called the people to take the oath of allegiance, he brought him and made him stand before the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him). He said: Apostle of Allah, receive the oath of allegiance from him. He raised his head and looked at him thrice, denying him every time. After the third time he received his oath. He then turned to his Companions and said: Is not there any intelligent man among you who would stand to this (man) when he saw me desisting from receiving the oath of allegiance, and kill him? They replied: We do not know, Apostle of Allah, what lies in your heart; did you not give us an hint with your eye? He said: It is not proper for a Prophet to have a treacherous eye.
Even Sahih Bukhari confirms that a Christian wrote parts of the Quran. This Christian writer of the Quran, without doubt, is none other than ibn Qumta. Here is the Hadith:
A Christian who converted to Islam wrote Muhammad's revelations; then he reverted back to Christianity and claimed that Muhammad knew nothing and he wrote the Quran for Muhammad; when this man died his body was repeatedly thrown out from the grave...4.814
Volume 4, Book 56, Number 814: Narrated Anas:
There was a Christian who embraced Islam and read Surat-al-Baqara and Al-Imran, and he used to write (the revelations) for the Prophet.
Later on he returned to Christianity again and he used to say:
"Muhammad knows nothing but what I have written for him."
Then Allah caused him to die, and the people buried him, but in the morning they saw that the earth had thrown his body out. They said, "This is the act of Muhammad and his companions. They dug the grave of our companion and took his body out of it because he had run away from them." They again dug the grave deeply for him, but in the morning they again saw that the earth had thrown his body out. They said, "This is an act of Muhammad and his companions. They dug the grave of our companion and threw his body outside it, for he had run away from them." They dug the grave for him as deep as they could, but in the morning they again saw that the earth had thrown his body out. So they believed that what had befallen him was not done by human beings and had to leave him thrown (on the ground).
Please note that the text inside parenthesis, (e.g., the revelations) is the insertion by the translator.
W. St. Clair-Tisdall (W.St. Clair Tisdal, The Sources of Islam, The Orgins of the Koran, pp.236-237) writes that the Sabeans inhabited Syria. They were the followers of Seth and Idris. Sabeans fasted for 30 days from night to sunrise, observed Eid and prayed for the dead without prostration.
Muhammad simply copied their system of fasting (the only change made was fasting from dawn to dusk) and retained the celebration of Eid and the prayer for the dead in exactly the same fashion as the Sabeans.
Thus the rules on fasting as prescribed in verses 2:183-187 were actually adapted from the Holy Scriptures of the Sabeans. In fact, the Qur'an confirms itself that the system of fasting was a copy-cat from another faith, but remaining coy about which religious scripture Muhammad copied from. Here is verse 2:183 that says that the Islamic system of fasting is the mimicry of the other faith (Sabeans, of course):
2.183 O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that ye may (learn) self-restraint,-
The Sabeans possessed a book called 'Pages of Seth'. They observed 7 prayers a day, 5 of which were at the same hours as chosen by Muhammad. They also venerated Ka'ba.
Muhammad, most likely, learned about the Holy Scripture of the Sabeans from Bahira, the monk and from Salman, the Persian, because both of them had spent a considerable amount of time in Syria and were well aware about the sources, rituals and the religious doctrine of the Sabeans. Muhammad simply incorporated those in the Qur'an-passing them as Allah's dictum.
On the Sabeans, the Dictionary of Islam (Hughes Dictionary of Islam, p.551) writes that they worshipped the stars secretly but openly professed to be Christians. Others say that they were of the religion of Sabi, the son of Seth, the son of Adam. Some say they were of the religion of Noah. Their Qiblah was towards the south, from whence the wind blows.
No doubt, after learning about the Sabeans Muhammad was profoundly impressed by their religion and hastened to incorporate some of their rituals in Islam.
He regarded them as the true believers of Allah.
In fact, the Dictionary Islam (ibid) writes that the Arabs used to call Muhammad 'as Sabi' - he who has departed from the religion of the Quraysh. The Qur'an mentions them 3 times in the following verses:
2.62 Those who believe (in the Quran), and those who follow the Jewish (scriptures), and the Christians and the Sabians,- any who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and work righteousness, shall have their reward with their Lord; on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.
5.69 Those who believe (in the Quran), those who follow the Jewish (scriptures), and the Sabians and the Christians,- any who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and work righteousness,- on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.
22.17 Those who believe (in the Quran), those who follow the Jewish (scriptures), and the Sabians, Christians, Magians, and Polytheists,- Allah will judge between them on the Day of Judgment: for Allah is witness of all things.
*** Note that those verses also contain the Jews, the Christians and the Magians (Zoroastrians) ***
Khadijah, Waraqa and Ubydallah et. al.
The Sirah (biography) of Muhammad does not mention about the religion of Khadijah, Muhammad's first wife. She was probably deeply influenced by her cousin brother Waraqa, who, as mentioned before, was first a Jew, then converted to Christianity. He became a devout Christian and reportedly translated the Gospel in his version of Arabic. His profound knowledge and understanding of the mainstream Christianity, as well as Judaism, must had had profound influence on Khadijah and Muhammad. So, it will be quite reasonable to surmise that Khadijah, too, was a follower of Christianity-at least inwardly. We find no reference anywhere that Khadijah had ever prayed to any idol or had attended any polytheist religious ritual; instead, we note (as told previously) that Muhammad was, indeed, a polytheist when he married Khadijah.
For 25 years Khadijah financial support of Muhammad was so great, that it allowed him the luxury of NOT WORKING and hence having more time for learning and meditating.
Based upon several Hadiths, there is not the slightest doubt that her SPIRITUAL/ Theological influence ON HIM was immense enough to the extent that he was able to change from POLYTHEISM to MONOTHEISM. She was in fact his best financier, friend and counsellor.
Her singular importance for the formation of Muhammad's 'theological' ideas for the FOUNDATIONS of 'ISLAM' has been DELIBERATELY under rated and IGNORED by the followers of Muhammad in particular, and not emphasised enough by western historians in general.
Waraqa and Khadijah used to discuss lots of Christian and Jewish matters with Muhammad that made him think deeply about his belief system at birth (i.e., paganism).
We learn from Sahih Bukhari that Waraqa used to read the Gospel in Arabic. This confirms that the Arabic translation of the Gospels was available during Muhammad's time.
Volume 4, Book 55, Number 605: Narrated 'Aisha:
The Prophet returned to Khadija while his heart was beating rapidly. She took him to Waraqa bin Naufal who was a Christian convert and used to read the Gospels in Arabic.
Waraqa asked (the Prophet), "What do you see?" When he told him, Waraqa said, "That is the same angel whom Allah sent to the Prophet) Moses. Should I live till you receive the Divine Message, I will support you strongly."
Not only that Waraqa read the Gospel in Arabic, he also translated Gospel in his own version in Arabic. Sahih Bukhari confirms this:
Please note that this is quite a lengthy Hadith. I have quoted only the relevant part.
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 478: Narrated Aisha:
…….." Khadija then took him to Waraqa bin Naufil, the son of Khadija's paternal uncle. Waraqa had been converted to Christianity in the Pre-lslamic Period and used to write Arabic and write of the Gospel in Arabic as much as Allah wished him to write…….
Waraqa even knew how to read and write in Hebrew. Sahih Bukhari confirms this:
Please note that only the part germane to the subject is quoted here.
Volume 1, Book 1, Number 3: Narrated 'Aisha:
……Khadija then accompanied him to her cousin Waraqa bin Naufal bin Asad bin 'Abdul 'Uzza, who, during the PreIslamic Period became a Christian and used to write the writing with Hebrew letters. He would write from the Gospel in Hebrew as much as Allah wished him to write……
The above information, especially those quotes from the Sahih Bukhari will leave one without any doubt that Waraqa, as well as Khadijah were big-time contributors to the compilation of the Quran-- especially those verses dealing with Christianity and Judaism.
Then came along Ubaydallah, the grandson of Abd al-Muttalib and Muhammad's cousin brother. As Ubaydallah was a Hanif, Muhammad learned a lot of good materials on Hanifism from him. Muhammadan historians claim that Ubaydallah converted to Muhammad's religion and migrated to Ethiopia; then he left Islam and embraced Christianity and died there as a Christian. So, the other contributor of the Christian material in the Qur'an was definitely Ubaydallah. After Waraqa, Khadijah and Ubaydallah died Muhammad simply incorporated in the Qur'an, what he had heard/learned from them.
We need to mention here two other main contributors to the Qur'an. They were Abdullah b. Salam and Mukhayariq.
According to Ibn Ishaq (Sirat, p.239) Abdullah b. Salam b. al-Harith was a Jew from B. Qaynuqa who converted to Islam when Muhammad arrived at Medina. Mukhayariq, too, was a Jewish Rabbi from B. Thalaba and he also converted to Islam. Abdullah b. Salam was an authority on the Torah, and had undoubtedly contributed to write in the Qur'an, the Jewish items--especially the Jewish laws.
Here is a brief list of some of the materials in the Quran that Muhammad copied/adopted from the Christians, the Jews, the Armenians, the Hindus and the Magians (Zoroastrians):
Tayammum (4:43): Copied from the Jewish Scripture the Talmud.
Breathing life into birds (2:260, 3:49, 5:110): Copied from the Coptic books.
Houris, Azazil (44:54): Learned from the foreigners in Mecca.
Harut amd Marut (2:102): From the Armenian books-Harut and Marut are in control of wind and rain.
Allah's throne above water (11:7): From the Jewish tradition
Malik, the ruler of Hell (43:77): From the Jews. [ Molech--Leviticus 18.21; 20.2/3/4/5, etc]
7 Heavens (2:29, 41:12): Adopted from the Sanskrit Scripture of the Hindus.
Mary giving birth under the trunk of a tree (19:23): Copied from the Gospel of Infancy, an apocryphal Christian Gospel
Infant Jesus talking (3:46, 19:30-31, 19:33): Copied from the Gospel of Infancy.
Description of Paradise and Hell (there are many verses-see the section on Salman, the Persian: Copied from the Magians (Zoroastrians) and the Hindus.
Jesus not killed, Allah lifted up Jesus (3:55, 4:157-158): Copied from the Gospel of Barnabas
The story of Joseph (Sura 12): Copied from the Midrash, a Jewish Scripture.
The story of Solomon and Sheba (21:78-82, 27:17-19, 27:22-23): Copied from the Haggada, a Jewish Scripture. [ Kings I 10.1 ]
The original Qur'an is kept in Heaven (43:4, 85:21-22): The Talmud says that the Torah is a preserved tablet in Heaven.
Angel of death--Azrail or Azazil, Malaku'l Maut (6:61, 7:37, 32:11): Adopted from the Jewish and the Magian (Zoroastrian) scriptures.
Uncannily though, the Quran itself asserts that the infidels of Mecca knew that Muhammad had copied the Quran from various sources, especially from the Jewish Scriptures; and that was why Allah had to admonish the polytheists for calling Muhammad a copy-cat. This is revealed in verse 28:48
28.48 But (now), when the Truth has come to them from Ourselves, they say, "Why are not (Signs) sent to him, like those which were sent to Moses?" Do they not then reject (the Signs) which were formerly sent to Moses? They say: "Two kinds of sorcery, each assisting the other!" And they say: "For us, we reject all (such things)!"
For more examples of plagiarism in the Quran (by Muhammad) one may refer to the books listed in the bibliography.
Muhammad's neighbour was an-Nadr b. al-Harith. He too used to write verses similar to the Quran. He was also a very good story-teller--especially of the ancient fables. Whenever Muhammad gathered people to listen to his tales in the Quran an-Nadr would entice the audience of Muhammad with better stories than Muhammad. Due to an-Nadr's excellent proficiency in narrating the anecdotes Muhammad saw his audience disappear. Muhammad considered an-Nadr's act extremely loathsome and had his revenge taken by capturing an-Nadr in the battle of Badr and later beheading him.
Here are references to some selected verses from the Quran that tell us that the pagans were very much aware that Muhammad used to tell them ancient stories that they had heard before-Muhammad did not narrate any new fable at all-he simply regurgitated what he had heard from his sources-passing them as Allah's revelations:
The unbelievers consider theQuran as tales of the ancients…8:31
The unbelievers said that the revelations to Muhammad were the tales from the past…16:24
Many pagans had heard the story of resurrection from past tales…23:83
Disbelievers say 'the Quran is ancient tales which they had heard before'…25:5
The unbelievers insist that the Quran is tales from the past…27:68
The unbelievers say the Quran is nothing but the tales of the ancients…46:17
The unbelievers termed Muhammad's revelations as tales from the past…68:15
Ubayy b. Ka'b
Ubay b. Ka'b was the personal secretary of Muhammad and one of the six collectors of the Quran. The other five collectors of the Quran, according to ibn Sa'd (ibn sa'd, vol.i, p.457), were:
Muadh ibn Jabal
Zayd ibn Thabit
Sa'd ibn Ubayd
Ubayy b. Ka'b was also known as Abu Mundhir. He took the 2nd pledge of Aqaba along with other ansars from Medina and was one of the first persons in Medina to accept Islam. He was Muhammad's greatest confidante' and a saviour in troubled times. Whenever Muhammad would forget some verses of the Quran or he would want some explanation on some verses he would seek the help of Ubayy.
This dependence of Muhammad on Ubayy reflects that he (Ubayy b. Ka'b) was the real writer of Muhammad's dictations, and Ubayy wrote whatever he fancied-subject, of course to Muhammad's approval. Residing in Medina, where a sizeable thriving Jewish community lived, he was profoundly knowledgeable in Jewish scriptures and Jewish laws.
Most likely, he wrote many of the Medina Suras that deal with Islamic legal provisions. These Medina Suras are not as poetically enchanting as the Meccan Suras are. This is because Ubayy b. Ka'b was not really a poet but a politician and a scribe. In fact, he wrote his own version of the Quran which he refused to surrender when, during Uthman's time, all versions of the Quran, except that of Hafsa's were proscribed and burned.
Ubayy b. Ka'b and ibn Masud refused to surrender their Mushaf (Quran written on leaves) and kept them in secret.
We can safely surmise that many Medina Suras were actually written by Ubyy b. Ka'b with the assistance of other scribes of Muhammad.
It is quite fascinating to note that although Gabriel purportedly brought the Quranic verses to Muhammad, he saw Gabriel in his true form only twice. This is confirmed from this Hadith in Sahih Bukhari:
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 378: Narrated Masruq:
I said to 'Aisha, "O Mother! Did Prophet Muhammad see his Lord?" Aisha said, "What you have said makes my hair stand on end ! Know that if somebody tells you one of the following three things, he is a liar: Whoever tells you that Muhammad saw his Lord, is a liar." Then Aisha recited the Verse:
'No vision can grasp Him, but His grasp is over all vision. He is the Most Courteous Well-Acquainted with all things.' (6.103) 'It is not fitting for a human being that Allah should speak to him except by inspiration or from behind a veil.' (42.51) 'Aisha further said, "And whoever tells you that the Prophet knows what is going to happen tomorrow, is a liar." She then recited:
'No soul can know what it will earn tomorrow.' (31.34) She added: "And whoever tell you that he concealed (some of Allah's orders), is a liar." Then she recited: 'O Apostle! Proclaim (the Message) which has been sent down to you from your Lord..' (5.67) 'Aisha added.
"But the Prophet saw Gabriel in his true form twice."
Of course, this Hadith is confusing and contradictory when we recall that in other ahadith Muhammad claimed that Gabriel visited him many times in the form of other human beings (most notably, in the guise of Dhiya al-Kalbi, a handsome merchant of Medina). So what prevents him from saying that all those Qur'an scribes, including Ubayy b Ka'b, were in fact, Gabriel/s in various forms?
Child bride Aisha was Muhammad's most favourite wife.
He married her when she was just a little girl of six years and had sex with her when she was merely nine years old.
The youth, the vivacity, the tenderness, the child-like innocence and the childhood exuberance-these were the ingredients that consumed Muhammad's mind in the adoration of Aisha's gullibility.
As a child-bride Aisha was completely dependent on Muhammad's maturity. Like any other child of her age she believed in whatever Muhammad told her about his divine inspiration.
Muhammad claimed that he used to get revelations from Allah only when he slept with Aisha.
Why Gabriel did not bother to visit him when he spent nights with other wives in his harem? This is a question very few Islamic scholars/historians have answered.
The truth is: except for Aisha, all other wives of Muhammad were grown up, matured and had experience with the trials, tribulations and crookedness of life in general. Some of them already had grown-up children. It was not so simple for Muhammad to convince this retinue of women about his communication with Allah via Gabriel. They would not simply believe so easily in Muhammad's made-up stories. Although they were forced to live in his harem, nonetheless, they could not, deep in their mind, endorse all the claims of Muhammad.
So, evidently Aisha, with her child-like simplicity and innocence became Muhammad's source of divine inspiration!
Muhammad was simply playing with a child's mind which tends to believe all sorts of Ghost and Jinn stories, Santa Klaus, winged horses, devils, monsters and all mythological and fictional characters. The following ahadith from Sahih Bukhari confirms that Allah communicated with Muhammad only when he slept with Aisha:
Muhammad used to get divine inspiration only in Aisha's bed...3.755
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 755: Narrated 'Urwa from 'Aisha:
The wives of Allah's Apostle were in two groups. One group consisted of 'Aisha, Hafsa, Safiyya and Sauda; and the other group consisted of Um Salama and the other wives of Allah's Apostle. The Muslims knew that Allah's Apostle loved 'Aisha, so if any of them had a gift and wished to give to Allah's Apostle, he would delay it, till Allah's Apostle had come to 'Aisha's home and then he would send his gift to Allah's Apostle in her home. The group of Um Salama discussed the matter together and decided that Um Salama should request Allah's Apostle to tell the people to send their gifts to him in whatever wife's house he was. Um Salama told Allah's Apostle of what they had said, but he did not reply. Then they (those wives) asked Um Salama about it. She said, "He did not say anything to me." They asked her to talk to him again. She talked to him again when she met him on her day, but he gave no reply. When they asked her, she replied that he had given no reply. They said to her, "Talk to him till he gives you a reply." When it was her turn, she talked to him again. He then said to her,
"Do not hurt me regarding Aisha, as the Divine Inspirations do not come to me on any of the beds except that of Aisha."
On that Um Salama said, "I repent to Allah for hurting you." Then the group of Um Salama called Fatima, the daughter of Allah's Apostle and sent her to Allah's Apostle to say to him, "Your wives request to treat them and the daughter of Abu Bakr on equal terms." Then Fatima conveyed the message to him. The Prophet said, "O my daughter! Don't you love whom I love?" She replied in the affirmative and returned and told them of the situation. They requested her to go to him again but she refused. They then sent Zainab bint Jahsh who went to him and used harsh words saying, "Your wives request you to treat them and the daughter of Ibn Abu Quhafa on equal terms." On that she raised her voice and abused 'Aisha to her face so much so that Allah's Apostle looked at 'Aisha to see whether she would retort. 'Aisha started replying to Zainab till she silenced her. The Prophet then looked at 'Aisha and said, "She is really the daughter of Abu Bakr."
Divine inspiration came to Muhammad only when he slept with Aisha...5.119
Volume 5, Book 57, Number 119: Narrated Hisham's father:
The people used to send presents to the Prophet on the day of 'Aisha's turn. 'Aisha said, "My companions (i.e. the other wives of the Prophet) gathered in the house of Um Salama and said, "0 Um Salama! By Allah, the people choose to send presents on the day of 'Aisha's turn and we too, love the good (i.e. presents etc.) as 'Aisha does. You should tell Allah's Apostle to tell the people to send their presents to him wherever he may be, or wherever his turn may be." Um Salama said that to the Prophet and he turned away from her, and when the Prophet returned to her (i.e. Um Salama), she repeated the same, and the Prophet again turned away, and when she told him the same for the third time, the Prophet said,
"O Um Salama! Don't trouble me by harming 'Aisha, for by Allah, the Divine Inspiration never came to me while I was under the blanket of any woman amongst you except her."
Aisha did not see Gabriel while Muhammad introduced Gabriel to her…4.440
Volume 4, Book 54, Number 440: Narrated Abu Salama:
'Aisha said that the Prophet said to her "O 'Aisha' This is Gabriel and he sends his (greetings) salutations to you." 'Aisha said, "Salutations (Greetings) to him, and Allah's Mercy and Blessings be on him," and addressing the Prophet she said, "You see what I don't see."
Muhammad told Aisha that Gabriel greeted her…8.270
Volume 8, Book 74, Number 270: Narrated 'Aisha:
that the Prophet said to her, "Gabriel sends Salam (greetings) to you." She replied, "Wa 'alaihi-s-Salam Wa Rahmatu-l-lah." (Peace and Allah's Mercy be on him).
*** The hadith quoted above clearly tells us how cleverly Muhammad used the innocence and immature mind of a child to claim his divine inspiration ***
In fact, Muhammad, himself, composed certain parts of the Quran while he slept with Aisha. Sahih Bukhari confirms this:
Muhammad used to recite the Quran leaning on a menstruating Aisha…1.296
Volume 1, Book 6, Number 296: Narrated 'Aisha:
The Prophet used to lean on my lap and recite Quran while I was in menses.
Even Muhammad's Quran's writer, Zayd b. Thabit admits that some Quranic verses were manipulated. Here is a Hadith from Shahih Bukhari on this:
Some Quranic verses were manipulated (verse 33:23)…5.379
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 379: Narrated Zaid bin Thabit:
When we wrote the Holy Quran, I missed one of the Verses of Surat-al-Ahzab which I used to hear Allah's Apostle reciting. Then we searched for it and found it with Khuzaima bin Thabit Al-Ansari. The Verse was:--
'Among the Believers are men Who have been true to Their Covenant with Allah, Of them, some have fulfilled Their obligations to Allah (i.e. they have been Killed in Allah's Cause), And some of them are (still) waiting" (33.23) So we wrote this in its place in the Quran.
*** The above quoted Hadith tells us that some verses of the Quran were written by people other than Muhammad's official Quran scribes.
The reader shoul take note that Khuzaima b. Thabit al-Ansari, mentioned in this Hadith was not one of the official Quran scribes of Muhammad ***
In Sahih Muslim we read the following Hadith:
Muhammad used to recite Quran while reclining on the lap of a menstruating Aisha…3. 591
Book 3, Number 591:
'A'isha reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) would recline in my lap when I was menstruating, and recite the Quran.
If those references are not convincing enough to demonstrate that Aisha played a vital role in the authorship of the Quran, then this Hadith from Sahih Muslim tells us that, Aisha, indeed modified the Quranic verses. This Hadith informs us that after Muhammad's death a Quran was compiled exclusively for Aisha. Then Aisha dictated to her scribe a verse of the Quran, claiming that that was how Muhammad used to recite the verse (2:238).
Here is the Hadith from Sahih Muslim:
Book 4, Number 1316:
Abu Yunus, the freed slave of 'A'isha said: 'A'isha ordered me to transcribe a copy of the Quran for her and said: When you reach this verse:
" Guard the prayers and the middle prayer" (ii. 238), inform me; so when I reached it, I informed her and she gave me dictation (like this):
" Guard the prayers and the middle prayer and the afternoon prayer, and stand up truly obedient to Allah"
'A'isha said: This is how I have heard it from the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him).
From Sahih Bukhari we also learn that the two key Suras, Sura al-Baqara (Sura 2) and Sura an-Nissa (Sura 4) were composed in the presence of Aisha. She also reveals that the first verse was really about Paradise and Hell--contrary to the claims of many Islamic historians that it was the first few verses of Sura al-Alaq (Sura 96). This Hadith also informs us that there were a few versions of the Quran, and Aisha had a version with her which was different from other versions. Could it be that Aisha, herself added or deleted verses from her version of the Quran? Here is the Hadith:
How cleverly revelations were changed to suit the purposes...6.515
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 515: Narrated Yusuf bin Mahk:
While I was with Aisha, the mother of the Believers, a person from Iraq came and asked, "What type of shroud is the best?" 'Aisha said, "May Allah be merciful to you! What does it matter?" He said, "O mother of the Believers! Show me (the copy of) your Quran," She said, "Why?" He said, "In order to compile and arrange the Qur'an according to it, for people recite it with its Suras not in proper order."
'Aisha said, "What does it matter which part of it you read first? (Be informed) that the first thing that was revealed thereof was a Sura from Al-Mufassal, and in it was mentioned Paradise and the Fire.
When the people embraced Islam, the Verses regarding legal and illegal things were revealed. If the first thing to be revealed was: 'Do not drink alcoholic drinks.' people would have said, 'We will never leave alcoholic drinks,' and if there had been revealed, 'Do not commit illegal sexual intercourse, 'they would have said, 'We will never give up illegal sexual intercourse.' While I was a young girl of playing age, the following Verse was revealed in Mecca to Muhammad: 'Nay! But the Hour is their appointed time (for their full recompense), and the Hour will be more grievous and more bitter.' (54.46) Sura Al-Baqara (The Cow) and Surat An-Nisa (The Women) were revealed while I was with him."
Then 'Aisha took out her copy of the Quran for the man and dictated to him the Verses of the Suras (in their proper order).
*** It is important to point out, the incredible anomaly, that according to the Hadiths, most of Muhammad's companions were LITERATE - such as Ali, Umar ibn al Khattab, Umar's sister, and others - EXCEPTING Muhammad; even his child bride, Aisha was able to read and write ***
Muhammad b. Abdullah
There is very little doubt that Muhammad, himself, had composed certain Quranic verses. Nonetheless, due to his shortcoming of being an illiterate person (as claimed in by his followers), he had to engage several scribes to write down what he invented in his own mind.
If one reads the Quran carefully one will not fail to discover HUNDREDS upon HUNDREDS of such verses which unmistakably show that it is Muhammad who is talking in them and not Allah--via His postman Gabriel. Here listed are a few such verses:
6.104 "Now have come to you, from your Lord, proofs (to open your eyes): if any will see, it will be for (the good of) his own soul; if any will be blind, it will be to his own (harm): I am not (here) to watch over your doings."
*** The words 'I am not a keeper over you' is clearly words of Muhammad ***
6.114 Say [Qul]: "Shall I seek for judge other than Allah? - when He it is Who hath sent unto you the Book, explained in detail." They know full well, to whom We have given the Book, that it hath been sent down from thy Lord in truth. Never be then of those who doubt.
*** The words, 'Shall I seek for judge other than Allah?' are undoubtedly Muhammad's words.
The reader should note that the translator Yusuf Ali deliberately - as he does in several other cases - inserted the word "Say" at the outset of this verse. In the original Quran there is no "Say" (Qul in Arabic) because this particular word is invariably an INSTRUCTION from Allah and not from Muhammad.
Here are the translations by Pickthal and Shakir, another two authoritative Quran translators, FOR COMPARISON-
PICKTHAL: Shall I seek other than Allah for judge, when He it is Who hath revealed unto you (this) Scripture, fully explained? Those unto whom We gave the Scripture (aforetime) know that it is revealed from thy Lord in truth. So be not thou (O Muhammad) of the waverers.
SHAKIR: Shall I then seek a judge other than Allah? And He it is Who has revealed to you the Book (which is) made plain; and those whom We have given the Book know that it is revealed by your Lord with truth, therefore you should not be of the disputers
19.9 He said: "So (it will be) thy Lord saith, 'that is easy for Me: I did indeed create thee before, when thou hadst been nothing!'"
*** Here Gabriel (or Muhammad?) is talking not Allah ***
19.64 (The angels say:) "We descend not but by command of thy Lord: to Him belongeth what is before us and what is behind us, and what is between: and thy Lord never doth forget,-
*** Here Gabriel (or Muhammad?) is talking and not Allah ***
37.164 (Those ranged in ranks say): "Not one of us but has a place appointed;
37.165 "And we are verily ranged in ranks (for service);
37.166 "And we are verily those who declare (Allah's) glory!"
*** Here Gabriel (or Muhammad?) is talking and not Allah ***
53.2 Your Companion is neither astray nor being misled.
*** Muhammad is not being misled: Is it Muhammad talking here? ***
70.40 Now I do call to witness the Lord of all points in the East and the West that We can certainly-
70.41 Substitute for them better (men) than they; And We are not to be defeated (in Our Plan).
*** Can the reader GUESS who is talking here? ***
86.17 Therefore grant a delay to the Unbelievers: Give respite to them gently (for awhile).
*** Is it Muhammad talking here? ***
The most important of verses in the Quran, that is, Sura al-Fateha (Sura 1) is definitely Muhammad's (or some other poet's) creation. Please read this Sura carefully:
1.1 In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
1.2 Praise be to Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the worlds;
1.3 Most Gracious, Most Merciful;
1.4 Master of the Day of Judgment.
1.5 Thee do we worship, and Thine aid we seek.
1.6 Show us the straight way,
1.7 The way of those on whom Thou hast bestowed Thy Grace, those whose (portion) is not wrath, and who go not astray.
Readers should carefully note that there is no mention of "Say" (Qul in Arabic) at the beginning of this verse.
So, who is praying to Allah in this Sura? Is Allah asking himself (Allah) to pray to himself? What a ridiculous situation, come to think of it.
This conundrum is immediately resolved when we realise that it was none but Muhammad who is asking his followers to pray to Allah. Chronologically, this Sura is one of the first 5 Suras (it is the 5th, or 6th. according to some) of the Quran.
This was a time when Muhammad was just starting out preaching his own brand of 'Hanifism' (Islam) and he composed this verse (some say by imitating some Jewish liturgy) for his handful of followers. In fact it is compsed similar to the Lord's Prayer of the Christians.
If further strong evidence is needed to prove that Muhammad had, indeed, composed certain verses of the Quran then this Ummul Quran (Sura Fateha), the seven most oft repeated verses stand out as the glaring example of that confirmation.
And how did Muhammad behave when people wanted to see how Allah's revelations came to him? Here is a Hadith from Sahih Muslim that tells us clearly that Umar ibn al Khattab used to shelter ( hide) Muhammad under a piece of cloth-cover and Muhammad used to sleep, snorting like a camel (and pretending that Allah was talking to him). Some people were curious and peeped through the covering and this was what they saw:
During revelation Umar used to cover Muhammad with a piece of cloth and Muhammad snorted like a camel …7.2654
(Sahih Muslim) Book 7, Number 2654:
Ya'la b. Umayya reported on the authority of his father (Allah be pleased with them) that a person came to the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) as he was at Ji'rana and he (the person) had been putting on a cloak which was perfumed, or he (the narrator) said: There was a trace of yellowness on it. He said (to the Holy Prophet): What do you command me to do during my Umra? (It was at this juncture) that the revelation came to the Apostle of Allah (way peace be upon him) and he was covered with a cloth, and Ya'la said: Would that I see revelation coming to the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him). He (Hadrat 'Umar) said: Would it please you to see the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) receiving the revelations 'Umar lifted a corner of the cloth and I looked at him and he was emitting a sound of snorting. He (the narrator) said:
I thought it was the sound of a camel.
When he was relieved of this he said: Where is he who asked about Umra? When the person came, the Holy Prophet (may peace be upon him) said: Wash out the trace of yellowness, or he said: the trace of perfume and put off the cloak and do in your 'Umra what you do in your Hajj.
That was how Allah talked to Muhammad--through the 'bleating' of a camel!
A blind man corrects the Quran and Allah!
Lastly, as a final proof that Muhammad corrected/inserted/deleted the contents of a verse as the situation demanded and/or as people requested, here is the example of Ibn Umm Maktum, a blind man of Mecca.
He requested Muhammad to correct a verse to exempt a blind person to join in a Jihad.
This blind man used to listen to Muhammad's preaching and wanted to discuss with him certain aspects of Islam. However, Muhammad, at first, ignored him, but later he became very remorseful for neglecting this blind man.
So Allah, in Sura al-Abasa (He frowned) (Sura 80, chronological order 24) reproached Muhammad.
Ibn Umm Maktum eventually converted to Islam and became a very close companion of Muhammad. When Muhammad exhorted the superiority of those who participates in Jihad or Holy war this blind man was reluctant to participate in such fighting and wanted an exemption. During the writing of this verse (4:95) Muhammad forgot about the blind man.
So Ibn Umm Maktum reminded him of his case.
Accordingly, Muhammad quickly changed his verse.
Here are two ahadith from Sahih Bukhari on how Ibn Umm Maktum INSTANTLY helped CHANGE Allah's mind.
Muhammad called for Zayd to write his revelations (4:95)...6.117
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 117:
When the Verse:-- "Not equal are those of the believers who sit (at home)" (4.95) was revealed, Allah Apostle called for Zaid who wrote it. In the meantime Ibn Um Maktum came and complained of his blindness, so Allah revealed:
"Except those who are disabled (by injury or are blind or lame..." etc.) (4.95)
Here is another version of the said Hadith:
Muhammad quickly changed a verse to accommodate the request of a blind man joining a Jihad (4:95)…6.512
Volume 6, Book 61, Number 512:
There was revealed: 'Not equal are those believers who sit (at home) and those who strive and fight in the Cause of Allah.' (4.95)
The Prophet said, "Call Zaid for me and let him bring the board, the inkpot and the scapula bone (or the scapula bone and the ink pot)."' Then he said, "Write: 'Not equal are those Believers who sit..", and at that time 'Amr bin Um Maktum, the blind man was sitting behind the Prophet . He said, "O Allah's Apostle! What is your order For me (as regards the above Verse) as I am a blind man?" So, instead of the above Verse, the following Verse was revealed:
'Not equal are those believers who sit (at home) except those who are disabled (by injury or are blind or lame etc.) and those who strive and fight in the cause of Allah.' (4.95)
And here is a similar Hadith from Sahih Muslim:
Book 020, Number 4676:
It has been narrated on the authority of Abu Ishaq, that he heard Bara' talking about the Quranic verse:" Those who sit (at home) from among the believers and those who go out for Jihad in the way of Allah are not aqual" (iv. 95). (He said that) the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) ordered Zaid (to write the verse). He brought a shoulder-blade (of a slaughtered camel) and inscribed it (the verse) thereon. The son of Umm Maktum complained of his blindness to the Holy Prophet (may peace be upon him). (At this) descended the revelation:" Those of the believers who sit (at home) without any trouble (illness, incapacity, disability)" (iv. 95).
The tradition has been handed down through two other chains of transmitters.
The 'Holy Quran' is not authored by any almighty Allah. No Divine Being could have possibly produced such an incoherent, ambiguous, repetitive, erroneous scripture, such as the Quran, to MISGUIDE mankind.
All the ANOMALIES, AMBIGUITIES, ERRONEOUS SCRIPTURE, INCOHERENCE, REPETETIVENESS, GRAMMATICAL AND LINGUISTIC ERRORS, HISTORICAL DISLOCATIONS, CHARACTER ASSASSINATIONS, HATEMONGERING, WARMONGERING, DISCRIMINATION, RACISM and other DEMONIC characteristics of the Quran can EASILY and CONCLUSIVELY BE EXPLAINED the moment the readers realise that no MERCIFUL and COMPASSIONATE Divinity could have possibly REVEALED the Quran to Muhammad.
It was, in reality, Muhammad who COMPOSED the Quran but cleverly projected it into the unsuspecting mouth of Allah, the supreme ROCK god of the Quraysh, embedded in the corner wall of the KA'BA, called the BLACK STONE.
The whole of the Quran is nothing more than Muhammad's own
projected into the mouth of Allah to give these alleged revelations the attributes of sanctity.
In reality, Muhammad, Gabriel & Allah are one and the same persona:
It was Muhammad to start with and later some of his followers who,
'In the name of Allah' constructed the Quran by adapting, amending and outright plagiarizing from the scriptures, fetishes and traditions of other peoples at that time.
His followers continued to advance and perpetuate this GRANDEST of all DECEPTIONS that was ever insinuated into the consciousness of humanity, to serve their political ambitions to dominate the then Arabian peninsula, and later, many other peaceful countries.
The Quran is the handiwork of Muhammad's cunning persona who was able to fool his gullible, superstitious and generally ignorant and illiterate pagan Bedouins into believing that he was the messenger of Allah.
Muhammad's followers, the 'Muslim' Arabs, perpetuated the MYTH of Muhammadan Islam by IMPOSING it upon millions of Conquered peoples over three continents.
Arab IMPERIALISM, due to its perception of itself as superior to all others, deliberately imposed their LANGUAGE, their CULTIC BELIEFS, their TRADITIONS, their FETISHES and their MORALS upon millions of SUBJUGATED PEROPLES.
Arab IMPERIALISM has been so successful and so complete, that the conquered peoples became ignorant of their OWN history prior to their subjugation, and even adopted Arabic names, manners and writing.
This is in reality, naked Arab imperialism, in the guise of propagating the message of the 'Holy Quran'. Any Islamic Paradise' will confirm what has been revealed here.
When the undeniable truth about the authorship of the Quran and its hidden scheme is clearly understood, this Arab imperialism by the stealth stands out to be the main agenda of the Quran ***