It is themythological white animal which was smaller than a mule but bigger than a donkey that allegedly transported Muhammad to the precinct of the Temple of Solomon in Jerusalem.
In fact theAhadithdo not mention any intermediary stops and no arrival at Jerusalembut only a direct transport fromMeccato the first Heaven.
17: 1 Glory to (Allah) Who did take His Servant for Journey by night from the Sacred Mosque to the Farthest Mosque whose precincts We did Bless in order that We might show him some of Our Signs: for He is the one Who heareth and seeth (all things). "
2 We gave Moses the Book and made it a Guide to theChildren of Israel (commanding): "Take not other than Me as Disposer of (your) affairs."
As shown above, the Quran does not mention Buraq,Jerusalem, or the
Temple of Solomon nor describes such a miraculous trip, especially since the verse immediately following it concerns Moses and the Torah.
The 'details' of the journey is purely the invention of the latter Muhammadan theologians and ADDED to the Hadith Literature (stories about Muhammad's life) as in Bukhari Hadith 4:429; 5:227 & Tarmidi 5920.
This particular animal was chosen in this MYTH to emulate that of Jesus riding a donkey intoJerusalem.
It is a FACT, that every important item in the Quran and Ahadith had to be a counterpart, an echoand/or a reflection of an ORIGINAL found in the Bible and/or Hebrew scriptures.
Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said, "On the night when I was taken up to HeavenI came upon people whose bellies were like houses and contained snakes which could be seen from outside their bellies. I asked Gabriel who they were and he told me that they were people who had practised usury." Ahmad and Ibn Majah transmitted it.
Al-Tirmidhi HadithHadith 5920 Narrated byAnas ibn Malik
On the night when the Prophet (peace be upon him)was taken up toHeaven,al-Buraq was brought to him, bridled and saddled, but it proved refractory, so Gabriel said to it, "Is it to Muhammad you are doing this? No one more honourable in Allah's sight than he has mounted you." It then poured with sweat.
Tirmidhi transmitted it, saying this is agharib tradition [very strange tradition].
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.345 Narrated byAbu Dhar
Allah's Apostle said, "While I was at Mecca the roof of my house was opened and Gabriel descended, opened my chest, and washed it with Zam-zam water. Then he brought a golden tray full of wisdom and faith and having poured its contents into my chest, he closed it.
Then he took my hand and ascended with me to the nearest heaven, when I reached the nearestheaven,Gabriel said to the gatekeeper of the heaven, 'Open (the gate).' The gatekeeper asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel answered: 'Gabriel.' He asked, 'Is there anyone with you?' Gabriel replied, 'Yes, Muhammad is with me.'
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 4.429 Narrated byMalik bin Sasaa
The Prophet said, "While I was at the House in a state midway between sleep and wakefulness, (an angel recognized me) as the man lying between two men. A golden tray full of wisdom and belief was brought to me and my body was cut open from the throat to the lower part of the abdomen and then my abdomen was washed with Zam-zam water and (my heart was) filled with wisdom and belief.
Al-Buraq,a white animal, smaller than a mule and bigger than a donkey was brought to me and I set out with Gabriel. When I reached thenearest heaven. Gabriel said to the heaven gate-keeper, 'Open the gate.'
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 4.770 Narrated bySharik bin Abdullah bin Abi Namr
I heard Anas bin Malik telling us about the night when the Prophet was made to travel from the Ka'ba mosque. Three persons (i.e. angels) came to the Prophet before he was divinely inspired was an Aspostle), while he was sleeping in Al Masjid-ul-Haram. The first (of the three angels) said, "Which of them is he?" The second said, "He is the best of them." That was all that happened then, and he did not see them till they came at another night and he perceived their presence with his heart, for the eyes of the Prophet were closed when he was asleep, but his heart was not asleep (not unconscious). This is characteristic of all the prophets: Their eyes sleep but their hearts do not sleep. Then Gabriel took charge of the Prophet and ascended along with him to the Heaven.
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 5.227 Narrated byAbbas bin Malik
Malik bin Sasaa said that Allah's Apostle described to them his Night Journey saying, "While I was lying in Al-Hatim or Al-Hijr, suddenly someone came to me and cut my body open from here to here." I asked Al-Jarud who was by my side, "What does he mean?" He said, "It means from his throat to his pubic area," or said, "From the top of the chest." The Prophet further said, "He then took out my heart. Then a gold tray of Belief was brought to me and my heart was washed and was filled (with Belief) and then returned to its original place. Then a white animal which was smaller than a mule and bigger than a donkey was brought to me." (On this Al-Jarud asked, "Was it the Buraq, O Abu Hamza?" I (i.e. Anas) replied in the affirmative). The Prophet said, "The animal's step (was so wide that it) reached the farthest point within the reach of the animal's sight. I was carried on it, and Gabriel set out with me till we reached thenearest heaven……
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 6.240 Narrated byIbn Abbas
Regarding: "And We granted the vision (Ascension to the Heaven 'Miraj') which We showed you (O Muhammad as an actual eye witness) but as a trial for mankind." (17.60) It was an actual eye-witness which was shown to Allah's Apostle during the night he was taken on a journey (through the heavens). And the cursed tree is the tree of Az-Zaqqum (a bitter pungent tree which grows at the bottom of Hell).
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 9.608 Narrated byAnas bin Malik
The night Allah's Apostle was taken for a journey from the sacred mosque (of Mecca) Al-Ka'ba: Three persons came to him (in a dream) while he was sleeping in the Sacred Mosque before the Divine Inspiration was revealed to Him. One of them said, "Which of them is he?" The middle (second) angel said, "He is the best of them." The last (third) angle said, "Take the best of them." Only that much happened on that night and he did not see them till they came on another night, i.e. after the Divine Inspiration was revealed to him (Fateh-Al-Bari Page 258, Vol. 17), and he saw them, his eyes were asleep but his heart was not--and so is the case with the prophets: their eyes sleep while their hearts do not sleep. So those angels did not talk to him till they carried him and placed him beside the well of Zam-Zam. From among them Gabriel took charge of him. Gabriel cut open (the part of his body) between his throat and the middle of his chest (heart) and took all the material out of his chest and abdomen and then washed it with Zam-Zam water with his own hands till he cleansed the inside of his body, and then a gold tray containing a gold bowl full of belief and wisdom was brought and then Gabriel stuffed his chest and throat blood vessels with it and then closed it (the chest).
He then ascended with him to the heaven of the world and knocked on one of its doors.....
*** As can be seen from the above, NOT ONE of the Ahadith mentioned any intervening stops - at Bethlehem,Jerusalem or any where else - between Mecca and the 'Furthest Mosque'.
It was in Ibn Ishaq's 'Sirat RassoulAllah' (AG p:181/3) that the story of the Night Journey which ALLEGES that Muhammad alighted at Jerusalem before going on his tour of the seven heavens was first described.
Furthermore, there is no mention of any holy rock, or any tethering of Buraq; these were plastered on, much later, by the Muhammadan scholars to embellish and lay false and falsified claims to Jerusalem above and beyond those of the Jews and Christians.
Ibn al Athir's Chronicle, ii. 37 is the one which gives even greater 'details' of the event than all the others. It is the one which alleges that Muhammad was transported from Mecca to Jerusalem on Buraqwith visits to Sinai, Bethlehem & Jerusalem.
Neither Bukhari nor Tirmidi nor any of the other four Ahadith corroborate his version of the events.
The most important item that the reader should be aware of, is that in the year 622AD, when this alleged PHYSICAL TRANSPORT to the Temple of Solomon occured,
THERE WAS NO TEMPLE OF SOLOMON STILL STANDING IN JERUSALEM.
It had already been DESTROYED by the Romans 570 years EARLIER.
The Question to be asked from the followers of Muhammad is:
Since there was no standing Temple to visit, then how is it possible that some of the Ahadith, that are supposed to have been 'divinely revealed' are so WRONG?
Furthermore, why did Muhammad - the messenger of Allah - INSIST & ASSERT that he had been there and gave descriptions of it to the people of Mecca, when in FACT there was no Temple?
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 5.228Narrated byIbn Abbas
Regarding the Statement of Allah"
"And We granted the vision (ascension to the heavens) which We made you see (as an actual eye witness) was only made as a trial for the people." (17.60)
Ibn Abbas added: The sights which Allah's Apostle was shown on the Night Journey when he was taken to Bait-ul-Maqdis(i.e. Jerusalem) were actual sights, (not dreams). And the Cursed Tree (mentioned) in the Qur'an is the tree of Zaqqum (itself).
*** The readers shoul be aware that - as usual in Muhammad's Quran - the Arabic 'Bayt/Beit al Maqdis' is PLAGIARIZED from the Biblical original
'Bayt ha Miqdash' meaning 'Holy House/ Temple'.
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 6.233Narrated byJabir bin Abdullah
The Prophet said, "When the Quraish disbelieved me (concerning my night journey), I stood up in Al-Hijr (the unroofed portion of the Ka'ba) and Allah displayedBait-ul-Maqdis before me, and I started to inform them (Quraish) about its signs while looking at it."
Sahih Muslim HadithHadith 328Narrated byAbuHurayrah
The Messenger of Allah, (peace be upon him) said: I found myself in Hijr and the Quraysh were asking me about my night journey. I was asked about things pertaining to Bayt al-Maqdis,which I could not preserve (in my mind). I was very much vexed, so vexed as I had never been before.Then Allah raised it (Bayt al-Maqdis) before my eyes. I looked towards it, and I gave them the information about whatever they questioned me.
I also saw myself among the group of apostles. I saw Moses saying a prayer and found him to be a well-built man as if he were a man of the tribe of Shanu'ah. I saw Jesus, son of Mary, (peace be upon him) offering prayer; of all men he had the closet resemblance to Urwah ibn Mas'ud ath-Thaqafi. I saw Ibrahim (peace be upon him) offering prayer; he had the closet resemblance to your companion (the Prophet himself) amongst people. When the time of prayer came I led them. When I completed the prayer, someone said: Here is Malik, the keeper of the Hell; give him salutation. I turned to him, but he preceded me in salutation.
*** The 'greatest of all prophets' could not REMEMBER what he saw at the none existentTemple of Solomon although he had been there only a few hours earlier.
The 'greatest of all prophets' was able to describe the details of the other 'prophets' but his memory failed to describe a very important Temple at which he conducted prayers.
The 'greatest of all prophets' could not DESCRIBE the Temple of Solomon because in reality it did not EXIST and he was knowingly and deliberately DECEIVING his gullible and ignorant followers ***
Al-Tirmidhi HadithHadith 752Narrated byAnas ibn Malik
Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said: The prayer of a person in his house is a single prayer; his prayer in the mosque of his tribe has the reward of twenty-five prayers; his prayers in the mosque in which the Friday prayer is observed has the reward of five hundred; his prayer in the mosque of Aqsa (i.e. Bayt al-Maqdis) has a reward of fifty thousand prayers; his prayer in my mosque (the Prophet's mosque in Medina) has a reward of fifty thousand prayers; and the prayer in the Sacred Mosque (Ka'bah) at Makkah has a reward of one hundred thousand prayers.