Muhammad & Astronomy:-
Muhammadan scholars assert in no uncertain terms, that Muhammad had full knowledge of almost everything under the sun. They have hundreds if not thousands of books printed trying to prove the unprovable.
The following is only a small sample of traditions; let the reader make up his/her mind:
2:189 "They ask you about the New Moons. Say: They are but signs to mark fixed seasons in (the affairs of) men, and for Hajj Pilgrimage."
*** Muhammad's Allah created the Moon so that the Hajj can be performed on time***
18:83 "They ask you about Dhu'l-Qarnain [Alexander the Great]. Say, 'I will cite something of his story. We gave him authority in the land and means of accomplishing his goals. So he followed a path until he reached the setting place of the sun. He saw that it set in black, muddy, hot water. Near it he found people."
*** The Sun - which is over 1,000,000 times bigger than the Earth - yet it sets every evening in a puddle of muddy waters ***
21:26 "Don't the unbelievers see that the heavens and earth were joined together in one piece before we clove them asunder? ...Will they not believe? And We have set on the earth mountains as stabilizers, lest the earth should convulse without them. And We have made therein broad highways for them to pass through, that they may be guided. We have made the heaven a roof well guarded. Yet they turn away from its Signs! All (the celestial bodies) swim along, on a course, floating."
*** The Bible is the only source of the creation process that Muhammad is alluding to. There is NOTHING in it regarding the heavens and earth being joined and then separated, this is, as usual, entirely from Muhammad's own vivid imagination***
36:38 And the Sun runs her course for a period determined for her: that is the decree of (Him) the exalted in Might the All-Knowing. 39 And the Moon We have measured for it mansions (to traverse) till it returns like the old (and withered) lower part of date-stalk. 40 It is not permitted to the Sun to catch up the Moon nor can the Night outstrip the Day: each (just) swims along in (its own) orbit [falaki] (according to Law).
67:3 "We created seven heavens, one above the other. Muhammad, can you see any fault in Ar-Rahman's creation? Look again: Can you see any rifts or fissures? Then look again and yet again. Your gaze turns back dazed and tired. We have adorned the lowest skies with lamps, and We have made them missiles to drive away the devils and against the stone Satans, and for them We have prepared the doom of Hell and the penalty of torment in the most intense Blazing Fire."
Bukhari: 4.421 "I walked hand in hand with the Prophet when the sun was about to set. We did not stop looking at it. The Prophet asked,
'Do you know where the sun goes at sunset?'
I replied, 'Allah and His Apostle know better.' He said,
'It travels until it falls down and prostrates Itself underneath the Throne. The angels who are in charge of the sun prostrate themselves, also. The sun asks permission to rise again. It is permitted. Then it will prostrate itself again but this prostration will not be accepted. The sun then says, "My Lord, where do You command me to rise, from where I set or from where I rose?" Allah will order the sun to return whence it has come and so the sun will rise in the west. And that is the interpretation of the statement of Allah in the Qur'an.'"
*** Even the oldest civilization upon earth knew that the sun rises in the EAST ***
Tabari I:204 "I asked the Prophet, 'Where was Allah before His creation?' Muhammad replied: 'He was in a cloud with no air underneath or above it.'"
Tabari I:219 "When Allah wanted to create the creation, He brought forth smoke from the water. The smoke hovered loftily over it. He called it 'heaven.' Then He dried out the water and made it earth. He split it and made it seven earths on Sunday. He created the earth upon a big fish, that being the fish mentioned in the Qur'an. By the Pen, the fish was in the water. The water was upon the back of a small rock. The rock was on the back of an angel. The angel was on a big rock. The big rock was in the wind. The fish became agitated. As a result, the earth quaked, so Allah anchored the mountains and made it stable. This is why the Qur'an says, 'Allah made for the earth firmly anchored mountains, lest it shake you up.'"
*** It should be apparent to even the most simple of minds, that BEFORE the CREATION, there could not have been either water, smoke or anything else for that matter.
There really is not much to add upon the remainder of this 'creation' as explained by Muhammad, the 'greatest of all prophets' ***
Tabari I:232 "Gabriel brings to the sun a garment of luminosity from the light of Allah's Throne according to the measure of the hours of the day. The garment is longer in the summer and shorter in the winter, and of intermediate length in autumn and spring. The sun puts on that garment as one of you here puts on his clothes."
Tabari I:233 "When the Messenger was asked about that, he replied, 'When Allah was done with His creation He created two suns from the light of His Throne. His foreknowledge told Him that He would efface one and change it to a moon; so the moon is smaller in size."
*** As usual, Muhammad's thought processes and logic, leave a lot to be desired.
In this instance, 'When Allah was done with His creation', should mean that he FINISHED the process of creation; hence why did he CONTINUE with the creation of the Sun and the Moon, if he had already finished?
More over and even more important, since Muhammad is only plagiarising from the Bible regarding the process of CREATION, then yet again, he is wrong and misleading his ignorant listeners because in the Bible, the Sun and the Moon were ACTUALLY CREATED on the FOURTH DAY, and definitely NOT AFTER the CREATION.
Genesis 1: 14 God said, " let there be luminaries in the firmament of the heaven to separate between the day and the night; 15 and they shall serve a luminaries in the firmament of the heaven to shine upon earth" And it was so
16 And God made the two great luminaries, the greater luminary to dominate the day and the lesser to dominate the night...
19 and there was evening and there was morning, a fourth day"
Muhammad's Allah cannot possibly be the same as the
God of Israel***
Tabari I:234 "Allah thus sent Gabriel to drag his wing three times over the face of the moon, which at the time was a sun. He effaced its luminosity and left the light in it. This is what Allah means:
[in Qur'an 17:12] 'We have blotted out the sign of the night, and We have made the sign of the day something to see by.' The blackness you can see as lines on the moon is a trace of the blotting."
Tabari I:234 "Then the Prophet said: 'For the sun and the moon, Allah created easts and wests on the two sides of the earth and the two rims of heaven. There are 180 springs in the west of black clay - this is why Allah's word says:
[18:86] "He found the sun setting in a muddy spring." The black clay bubbles and boils like a pot when it boils furiously.'"
Tabari I:235 "Allah's Apostle said, 'Allah created an ocean three farakhs (918 kilometers) removed from heaven. Waves contained, it stands in the air by the command of Allah. No drop of it is spilled. All the oceans are motionless, but that ocean flows at the speed of an arrow. The sun, moon and retrograde stars [planets] by which Allah swears in the Qur'an [81:15], run like the sun and moon and race. All of the other stars are suspended from heaven as lamps are from mosques, and circulate together praising Allah. The Prophet said, 'If you wish to have this made clear, look to the circulation of the sphere alternately here and there.'"
Tabari I:236 "Allah created two cities out in space, each with ten thousand gates, each 6 kilometers distant from the other. By Allah, were those people not so many and so noisy, all the inhabitants of this world would hear the loud crash made by the sun falling when it rises and when it sets. Gabriel took me to them during my Night Journey from the Sacred Mosque [the Ka'aba] to the Farthest Mosque [the none existant Jewish Temple in Jerusalem]. I told the people of these cities to worship Allah but they refused to listen to me
Tabari I:236 "'When the sun rises upon its chariot from one of those springs it is accompanied by 360 angels with outspread wings…. When Allah wishes to test the sun and the moon, showing His servants a sign and thereby getting them to obey, the sun tumbles from the chariot and falls into the deep end of that ocean. When Allah wants to increase the significance of the sign and frighten His servants severely, all of the sun falls and nothing of it remains in the chariot. That is a total eclipse of the sun. It is a misfortune for the sun.'"
Tabari I:244 "Allah then created for the sun a chariot with 360 handholds from the luminosity of the light of the Throne and entrusted 360 of the angels inhabiting the lower heaven with the sun and its chariot, each of them gripping one of those handholds. Allah also entrusted 360 angels with the moon."
Tabari I:332 "The sun and the moon were in eclipse for seven days and nights."
*** With such lucid depth of knowledge, one cannot possibly add any further comments to Muhammad's cosmic explanations ***