Zayd ibn 'Amr ibn Nufayl:-
He was one of the very few Jahiliya Arabs who believed in the God of Abraham (called Hanif) and who abhorred all the traditions of his pagan relatives. Because of his views and his abandonment of their religion, the Quraysh made an example of him and was especially persecuted at the hands of his half brother Umar ibn al Khattab, to the extent that he had to live separately from his family and friends (the Quraysh tribe) on the high ground above Mecca.
In the Qarawiyun Manuscript (fos 37b-38) as translated by Alfred Guillaume in his 'New Light on the Life of Muhammad' :
There is a tradition of outstanding importance because it is the only evidence in existence that shows the enormous influence of a monotheist on Muhammad by way of admonition. It is the most incontrovertible evidence that Muhammad was a pagan before his 'revelations' and not the 'perfect, impeccable and sinless' man that his later followers turned him into in imitation of Jesus.
In it, Ibn Ishaq says:" I was told that the apostle of Allah while speaking of Zayd ibn 'Amr ibn Nufayl said,
" He was the first to blame me for worshipping idols and forbade me to do so….. I went and sat with him (Zayd ibn Nufayl). I had with me a bag of meat from our sacrifices to our idols which Zayd ibn Haritha was carrying, and I offered it to him.
I was a young lad at the time. I said "Eat some of this food, O my uncle". He replied " Nephew, is it a part of those sacrifices of yours which you offer to the idols, isn't it?" When I answered that it was, he said " If you were to ask the daughters of Abd al Muttalib, they would tell you that I never eat of these sacrifices and I want nothing to do with them."
Then he blamed me and those who worship idols and sacrifice to them until Allah honoured me with His apostleship".
This tradition has been - very conveniently and for obvious reasons - expunged from Ibn Hisham's recension altogether, but there are traces of it in Suhaili (p 146) and Bukhari Hadith 7.407 (which had been deliberately altered to exonerate Muhammad from the stigma of idolatry).
During Muhammad's time, a religious movement to counter paganism was taking shape. Led by a group of 'freethinkers', this group rejected paganism, and to fulfil their spiritual needs they were searching for an alternative religion. They were known as Hanifites or simply as Hanifs.
The Dictionary of Islam (Hughes Dictionary of Islam, pp.161-162) writes that the original meaning of Hanif was a convert or a pervert [sort of apostate].
The other meanings of Hanif are:
1. Any one sincere in his inclination to Islam
2. One orthodox in the faith
3. One who is of the religion of Abraham.
W. St. Clair-Tisdall (The Sources of Islam, The Origins of the Koran, p.289) writes:
'The word Hanif, indeed, originally signified "unclean" or "apostate," and was so used by the idolatrous Arabs of Zaid, because he abandoned the worship of their gods.'
Muhammad later used the word Hanif, first for the religion of Abraham, then for any sincere believer of Islam. Thus, the 'Muslims' are supposed to be Hanifs - and truly speaking, the followers of Zayd.
In the same essay W. St. Clair-Tisdal (ibid) writes further, "The name pleased the Prophet and was used by him in a good sense."
According to Ibn Ishaq ( p.99) the most famous of those apostates (Hanifs) in Mecca during Muhammad's time were:
1. Waraqa b. Naufal: he became a Christian
2. Ubaydullah b. Jahsh: he became a Christian after migrating to Abyssinia. His wife was Umm Habiba d. Abu Sufyan whom Muhammad married later
3. Uthman b. al-Huwayrith. He later went to the Byzantine emperor and became a Christian
4. Zayd b. Amr b. Naufal left paganism saying that he worshipped the God of Abraham
Waraqa was the cousin of Khadijah, Muhammad's first wife. Some authors suggest that he was a Jew before embracing Christianity. Ubaydullah was the grandson of Abd al-Muttalib and Uthman b. al-Huwayrith was offered a high position in the Byzantine court of Syria.
Only Zayd b. Amr remained a diehard Hanif. He used to say (ibid, p.287),
"I worship the god of Abraham," and he blamed his people for having chosen the evil ways.
According to W. St. Clair-Tisdal (The Sources of Islam, The Origins of the Koran, pp.229-230) Zayd worshipped yearly in a cave near Mecca [HIRA], and no doubt influenced Muhammad who used to visit the same place for quiet and lonely contemplation.
Ibn Ishaq (pp.99-100) writes that when Zayd b. Amr faced the Ka'ba he used to say 'Labbayka in truth, in worship and in service.'
When Zayd stood and faced Qibla he would say (ibid), "I take refuge in what Abraham took refuge."
Zayd also abhorred animal sacrifice to idols and condemned the pagan practice of burying alive new-born females.
*** I have no doubt, based upon the extant records available, that this was a very rare practice since not a single instance of a live burial of a female baby is cited either in the Quran or in Ahadith: these books vaguely talk about this pagan practice without citing any specific case of live
It is NOT beyond the realm of PROBABILITY that these stories about the evil traditions of the pagan Arabs were part and parcel of Muhammad's PROPAGANDA against his Quraysh tribe in particular to make them look evil and he and his message - contrary to facts and reality - as being peaceful and benevolent ***
Ibn Ishaq (pp.100-101)
Zayd b. 'Amr. B. Nufayl composed the following poem about leaving his people and the treatment he received from them:
Am I to worship one lord or a thousand? 1
If there are as many as you claim,
I renounce al-Lat and al-'Uzza both of them 2
As any strong-minded person would.
I will not worship al-'Uzza and her two daughters, 2
Nor will I visit the two images of the Banu 'Amr.
I will not worship Hubal' though he was our lord
In the days when I had little sense.
I wondered (for in the night much is strange
Which in daylight is plain to the discerning),
That Allah had annihilated many men 3
Whose deeds were thoroughly evil
And spared others through the piety of a people 4
So that a little child could grow in manhood.
A man may languish for a time and then recover
As the branch of a tree revives after the rain. 5
I serve my Lord the compassionate
That the forgiving Lord may pardon my sin,
So keep to the fear of Allah your Lord; 6
While you hold to that you will not perish.
You will see the pious living in gardens, 7
While for the infidels hell fire is burning. 7
Shamed in life, when they die
Their breasts will contract in anguish. 8
Zayd also said: (143)
To Allah I give my praise and thanksgiving,
A sure word that will not fail as long as time lasts,
To the heavenly King-there is no God beyond Him 9
And no lord can draw near to Him.
Beware, O men, of what follows death!
You can hide nothing from Allah.. 10
Beware of putting another beside Allah,
For the upright way has become clear. 11
Merry I implore, others trust in jinn,
But thou, my God, art our Lord and our hope.
I am satisfied with thee, O Allah, as a Lord,
And will not worship another Allah beside thee. 12
Thou of thy goodness and mercy
Didst send a messenger to Moses as a herald. 13
Thou saidst to him, Go thou and Aaron,
And summon Pharaoh the tyrant to run to Allah
And say to him, 'Did you spread out this (earth) without support, 14
Until it stood fast as it does?'
Say to him 'Did you raise this (heaven) without support?
What a fine builder then you were!'
Say to him 'Did you set the moon in the middle thereof 15
As a light to guide when night covered it?' 15
Say to him, 'Who sent forth the sun by day
So that the earth it touched reflected its splendour?'
Say to him, 'Who planted seeds in the dust 16
That herbage might grow and wax great?
And brought forth its seeds in the head of the plant?'
Therein are signs for the understanding. 17
Thou in thy kindness did deliver Jonah 18
Who spent nights in the belly of the fish.
Though I glorify thy name, I often repeat
'O Lord of creatures, bestow thy gifts and mercy upon me
And bless my sons and property.
[(143) Ibn Hisham's note (ibn Ishaq p.713): These verses really belong to an ode of Umayya b. Abu'l-Salt, except for the first two, the fifth, and the last verse. The second half of the first verse does not come via I.I.]
Here is another sample verse of Zayd b. Amr (ibn Ishaq, p.102):
And Zayd said:
I submit myself to him to whom
The earth which bears mighty rocks is subject.
He spread it out and when He saw it was settled 19
Upon the waters, He fixed the mountains on it. 19
I submit myself to Him to whom clouds which bear 20
Sweet water are subject 20
When they are borne along to a land
They obediently pour copious rain upon it.
After Zayd b. Amr was killed, his comrade Waraqa b. Naufal b. Asad (i.e., Khadijah's cousin brother) composed this elegy over him (ibn Ishaq, p.103):
You were altogether on the right path Ibm 'Amr,
You have escaped hell's burning oven
By serving the one and only Allah
And abandoning vain idols.
And by attaining the religion which you sought
Not being unmindful of the unity of your Lord
You have reached a noble dwelling
Wherein you will rejoice in your generous treatment.
You will meet there the friend of Allah,
Since you were not a tyrant ripe for hell,
For the mercy of Allah reaches men,
Though they be seventy valleys deep below the earth (146)
Ibn Hisham's note (146): The first two verses of this poem are attributed to Umayya b. Abu al-Salt and the last verse occurs in one of his odes. The words 'vain idols' have not I.I..'a authority.
[The reason of my quoting the elegy of Waraqa is to demonstrate the strong camaraderie between Zayd b. Amr and Waraqa which had propelled Muhammad to develop a deep respect and appreciation of what Zayd b. Amr sincerely believed, resolutely stood and eventually died for. He was determined to emulate Zayd b. Amr, the great confidante' of Waraqa and hence Khadijah. Remember? Khadijah was Muhammad's first wife and his only support]
Abu Bakr's daughter, Amina once saw a very old Zayd bin 'Amr in Ka'ba. On this, Ibn Ishaq writes (Ibn Ishaq, pp.99-100):
'Hisham b. Urwa from his father on the authority of his mother Asma d. Abu Bakr said that she saw Zayd as a very old man leaning his back on the Ka'ba and saying, 'O Quraysh, By Him in whose hand is the soul of Zayd, not one of you follows the religion of Abraham but I.' Then he said: 'O Allah, if I knew how you wished to be worshipped I would so worship you; but I do not know.' Then he prostrated himself on the palms of his hands.'
*** This expression must have been prevalent among all the Quraysh because Muhammad and his companions used it a lot***
The historical records do not mention clearly what eventually happened to Zayd b. Amr. However, Ibn Ishaq writes that Caliph Umar's father, al-Khattab (Umar b. al-Khattab was Zayd's nephew) used to severely harass Zayd b. Amr and he was finally killed. Who killed Zayd is a complete mystery.
Here is what Ibn Ishaq (Ibn Ishaq, p.102) writes:
"When al-Khattab (Umar's father) harassed Zayd bin 'Amr so much so that he was forced to withdraw to the upper part of Mecca and he stopped in the mountain of Hira facing the town. Zayd could visit Mecca in secret only.
Then Zayd left Mecca seeking the religion of Abraham-went through all of Syria. Then Zayd returned to Mecca but was killed."
As written previously, because of his uncompromising stand on Hanifite movement and because of his deriding remarks on paganism, the Quraysh expelled Zayd b. Amr from Mecca and he was forbidden to live there. He was a severely ostracised person, boycotted and utterly disdained by the larger section of the Quraysh. He had to live in the cave of mount Hira, opposite the city. Muhammad, being a forlorn person at that time used to meet Zayd in the cave of Hira.
Ibn Ishaq also writes that Gabriel used to visit Muhammad at the Hira cave. When we consider the fact that on many instances Muhammad had confessed that Gabriel, on many occasions had met Muhammad in the form of a human being, it is quite likely that when Muhammad visited Zayd b. Amr many times to learn about the new religion of the 'Hanif' he might have associated Zayd with the angel Gabriel. It is also quite probable that Zayd b. Amr took an interest in teaching Muhammad how to read (and write)-his poetry (or verses) that later became Qur'anic verses.
Ibn Ishaq (Ibn Ishaq, p.105) writes that Muhammad used to pray in seclusion in Hira every year for a month to practice 'tahnanuth', a pagan practice (thus confirming again Muhammad's pagan background). According to the Quraysh, 'tahannuth' meant religious devotion.
Sahih Bukhari confirms that Muhammad had encountered Zayd b. Amr in the Valley of Hira Mountain.
Muhammad meets Zayd b. 'Amr and offers him meat that was slaughtered for the idols.
Sahih Bukhari 7.67/407, 5.58/169 Narrated 'Abdullah:
Allah's Apostle said that he met Zaid bin 'Amr b. Nufail at a place near Baldah and this had happened before Allah's Apostle received the Divine Inspiration. Allah's Apostle presented a dish of meat (that had been offered to him by the pagans) to Zaid bin 'Amr, but Zaid refused to eat of it and then said (to the pagans), "I do not eat of what you slaughter on your stone altars (Ansabs) nor do I eat except that on which Allah's Name has been mentioned on slaughtering."
Sahih Bukhari 5.169 Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:
The Prophet met Zaid bin 'Amr bin Nufail in the bottom of (the valley of) Baldah before any Divine Inspiration came to the Prophet. A meal was presented to the Prophet but he refused to eat from it. (Then it was presented to Zaid) who said, "I do not eat anything which you slaughter in the name of your stone idols. I eat none but those things on which Allah's Name has been mentioned at the time of slaughtering."
Zaid bin 'Amr used to criticize the way Quraish used to slaughter their animals, and used to say, "Allah has created the sheep and He has sent the water for it from the sky, and He has grown the grass for it from the earth; yet you slaughter it in other than the Name of Allah. He used to say so, for he rejected that practice and considered it as something abominable.
*** These statements are found copied almost verbatim by Muhammad in his Quran. Muhammad made it manadatory that the name of Allah is pronounced while slaughtering an animal***
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
Zaid bin 'Amr bin Nufail went to Sham, inquiring about a true religion to follow. He met a Jewish religious scholar and asked him about their religion. He said, "I intend to embrace your religion, so tell me some thing about it." The Jew said, "You will not embrace our religion unless you receive your share of Allah's Anger." Zaid said, "'I do not run except from Allah's Anger, and I will never bear a bit of it if I have the power to avoid it. Can you tell me of some other religion?" He said, "I do not know any other religion except the Hanif." Zaid enquired, "What is Hanif?" He said, "Hanif is the religion of (the prophet) Abraham who was neither a Jew nor a Christian, and he used to worship None but Allah (Alone)"
Then Zaid went out and met a Christian religious scholar and told him the same as before. The Christian said, "You will not embrace our religion unless you get a share of Allah's Curse." Zaid replied, "I do not run except from Allah's Curse, and I will never bear any of Allah's Curse and His Anger if I have the power to avoid them. Will you tell me of some other religion?" He replied, "I do not know any other religion except Hanif." Zaid enquired, "What is Hanif?" He replied, Hanif is the religion of (the prophet) Abraham who was neither a Jew nor a Christian and he used to worship None but Allah (Alone)"
When Zaid heard their Statement about (the religion of) Abraham, he left that place, and when he came out, he raised both his hands and said, "O Allah! I make You my Witness that I am on the religion of Abraham."
Narrated Asma bint Abi Bakr:
I saw Zaid bin Amr bin Nufail standing with his back against the Ka'ba and saying, "O people of Quraish! By Allah, none amongst you is on the religion of Abraham except me." He used to preserve the lives of little girls: If somebody wanted to kill his daughter he would say to him, "Do not kill her for I will feed her on your behalf." So he would take her, and when she grew up nicely, he would say to her father, "Now if you want her, I will give her to you, and if you wish, I will feed her on your behalf."
*** This act of mercy and compassion was also plagiarised by Muhammad in his Quran***
The first Hadith tells us something about Muhammad's paganism- that, in the beginning, he ate the meat offered to the idols by the pagans (thus confirming Hisham ibn al-Kalbi), but Zayd b. Amr steadfastly refused to eat any meat slaughtered in the name of idols. Muhammad learned from Zayd not to eat the pagans' meat (or Haram/Forbidden meat). The second Hadith apparently contradicts the first Hadith (7.67/407) on Muhammad's consumption of 'pagan' or Haram meat. However, a little thought on this Hadith evidently shows that Muhammad followed Zayd with respect to Halal/Sanctified meat, and from Zayd he also obtained the idea of Allah to be his (Muhammad's) God.
Can we not, therefore, conclude that the idea of Islam really came from Zayd? In the biography of Muhammad written by Ibn Ishaq we find several verses of poetry written by Zayd that are quite similar to many important verses of the Quran.
Therefore, isn't it in order to surmise, that after the sudden, mysterious and untimely killing of Zayd, Muhammad took up his mantle, philosophy, poetry and the zeal to propagate 'Hanifism'?
Ibn Sa'd (Ibn Sa'd, vol.i, p.185) writes that when Muhammad started his Islam, a convert told Muhammad about the words of Zayd ibn Amr and Muhammad replied, "I have seen him in Paradise drawing his skirts." This proves that Muhammad acknowledged the piety and contribution of Zayd towards the concept of Islam or Hanifism.
The following excerpt from the Islamic historian Ibn Sa'd (Ibn Sa'd, vol.i, p.185) demonstrates further that Muhammad got the idea of Islam from Zayd b. Amr:
"Zayd Ibn 'Amr Ibn Nufayl said: I smelled Christianity and Judaism but I disliked them. I went to Syria and its adjoining territories till I came to my strangeness with my people and my abhorrence for idol worship, Judaism and Christianity. He said to me: I see you are in search of the creed of Ibrahim. O Makkan brother! You are seeking a creed which is not practiced now a days. It is the creed of your ancestor, Ibrahim, and it is the true faith. He (Ibrahim) was neither a Jew nor a Christian. He used to offer prayers and prostrate towards this house (Ka'bah) which is in your city. So retire to your city. He will revive the true creed of Ibrahim and he is the most honoured of the creatures of Allah."
*** There is no mention in the whole of the Bible regarding Allah, Mecca or the Ka'ba.
The above story is an excellent invention to suit the agenda of Hanifism and Muhammadan Islam***
It is highly probable that Zayd himself wrote few Suras (probably around 30 Suras, but not in chronological order), including those that contain the Hanifship of Abraham.
Some of these verses are:
2.135 They say: "Become Jews or Christians if ye would be guided (To salvation)." Say thou: "Nay! (I would rather) the Religion of Abraham the True [Haneefan], and he joined not gods with Allah."
3.67 Abraham was not a Jew nor yet a Christian; but he was true in Faith [Haneefan] , and bowed his will to Allah's (Which is Islam), and he joined not gods with Allah.
3.95 Say: "Allah speaketh the Truth: follow the religion of Abraham, the sane in faith [Haneefan]; he was not of the Pagans."
4.125 Who can be better in religion than one who submits his whole self to Allah, does good, and follows the way of Abraham the true in Faith [Haneefan]? For Allah did take Abraham for a friend.
6.79 "For me, I have set my face, firmly and truly, towards Him Who created the heavens and the earth [Haneefan], and never shall I give partners to Allah."
6.161 Say: "Verily, my Lord hath guided me to a way that is straight,- a religion of right,- the path (trod) by Abraham the true in Faith [Haneefan], and he (certainly) joined not gods with Allah."
10.105 "And further (thus): 'set thy face towards religion with true piety [Haneefan], and never in any wise be of the Unbelievers;
16.120 Abraham was indeed a model, devoutly obedient to Allah, (and) true in Faith [Haneefan], and he joined not gods with Allah:
22.31 Being true in faith to Allah [Haneefan], and never assigning partners to Him: if anyone assigns partners to Allah, is as if he had fallen from heaven and been snatched up by birds, or the wind had swooped (like a bird on its prey) and thrown him into a far-distant place.
30.30 So set thou thy face steadily and truly to the Faith [Haneefan], (establish) Allah's handiwork according to the pattern on which He has made mankind: no change (let there be) in the work (wrought) by Allah: that is the standard Religion: but most among mankind understand not.
98.5 And they have been commanded no more than this: To worship Allah, offering Him sincere devotion, being true (in faith) [Hunafaa]; to establish regular prayer; and to practise regular charity; and that is the Religion Right and Straight.
As mentioned earlier, Zayd ibn Amr was totally against the pagan practice of burying live female infants. The Quran mentions this rare practice of the Quraysh in three verses only.
These verses are:
16.58 When news is brought to one of them, of (the birth of) a female (child), his face darkens, and he is filled with inward grief!
17.31 Kill not your children for fear of want: We shall provide sustenance for them as well as for you. Verily the killing of them is a great sin.
81.8 When the female (infant), buried alive, is questioned -
81.9 For what crime she was killed;
Evidently, the above verses were inspired by Zayd b. Amr and most likely were written by him too. Later, when Zayd died Muhammad simply passed them up as Allah's revelations to him.
Those examples demonstrate that Muhammad had copied stories, concepts and style of Zayd ibn Amr in the composition of the Quran.
1. Zayd wrote: Am I to worship one lord or a thousand?
The Quran replicates:
16.22 " Your God is one God: as to those who believe not in the Hereafter, their hearts refuse to know, and they are arrogant"
10.64 " None can change the words of Allah.."
11.2 "... worship none but Allah and Muhammad is a Warner who brought glad tidings…"
16.51 " And Allah said 'Do not worship two gods; there is only one God, then fear Me (and me alone)..."
21:25 "All messengers were inspired to worship one God only…"..."108... There is only one God and all should bow to Islam..."
Other similar verses are: 37.4; 38.65; 39.11, 14, 29; 112.1
2. Zayd wrote: Not worshipping al-Lat, al-Uzza and her two daughters
The Quran says:
53.19 Have ye seen Lat. and 'Uzza,
53.20 And another, the third (goddess), Manat?
53.21 What! for you the male sex, and for Him, the female?
53.22 Behold, such would be indeed a division most unfair!
53.23 These are nothing but names which ye have devised,- ye and your fathers,- for which Allah has sent down no authority (whatever). They follow nothing but conjecture and what their own souls desire!- Even though there has already come to them Guidance from their Lord!
52.39 " ...False daughters were assigned to Allah..."
22:52 "All prophets were, at times inspired by Satan
*** This is the abrogating verse for 53:19-20 dealing with goddesses al-Lat, Uzza, Manat (of Satanic Verses fame).
What is remarkable is that this is an EARLIER verse which is ABROGATING a LATER one ***
3. Zayd wrote: Allah annihilated many men whose deeds were thoroughly evil
The Quran emulates:
6.6 "See they not how many of those before them We (Allah) did destroy?- generations We had established on the earth, in strength such as We have not given to you - for whom We poured out rain from the skies in abundance, and gave (fertile) streams flowing beneath their (feet): yet for their sins We destroyed them, and raised in their wake fresh generations (to succeed them).
7.4 " Allah annihilated many communities while they were awake or asleep…"
10.13-14 " ...Allah annihilated many generations and made the current generation to inherit earth just to test them…
19.98 "...Allah has annihilated many generations before whom no one can trace…"
20.128 "Allah has destroyed many previous generations…"
22.48 "...In the past, Allah had punished many a population..."
Other similar verses are: 21.6, 11, 15; 22.45; 32.26; 38.3; 40.22; 43.8; 46.27; 50.36; 64.5; 67.18; 77.16;
4. Zayd wrote: And spared the others……
The Quran echoes:
9.106 "There are (yet) others, held in suspense for the command of Allah, whether He will punish them, or turn in mercy to them: and Allah is All-Knowing, Wise.
20.130 "...Allah has a predetermined plan for the unbelievers, that’s why He does not annihilate them immediately…
5. Zayd wrote: ……the branch of a tree revives after the rain
The Quran replies:
2:164 "...In the creation of the heavens and the earth, in the alternation of the night and the day, in the sailing of the ships through the ocean, the rain from the sky, and the springing of vegetation on a dead earth, the scattered beasts, the change of winds and clouds are the signs of Allah..."
6.99 " Allah produces rain from the sky to grow agricultural products..."
7.57 " Allah sends the winds to carry the heavily laden clouds to fall as rain in a dead land to produce agriculture (part of water cycle?)...
15.22 " Allah sends the fertile wind to cause the rain that makes the vegetation to grow (part of water cycle?)...
50.9 And We send down from the sky rain charted with blessing, and We produce therewith gardens and Grain for harvests;
50.10 And tall (and stately) palm-trees, with shoots of fruit-stalks, piled one over another;-
50.11 As sustenance for (Allah's) Servants;- and We give (new) life therewith to land that is dead: Thus will be the Resurrection.
Similar other verses are: 18.45; 22.63; 23.18; 32.27; 39.21; 43.11; 57.17
6. Zayd wrote: So keep to the fear of Allah……, hold to that you will not perish
The Quran rewords:
2.41 "And believe in what I reveal, confirming the revelation which is with you, and be not the first to reject Faith therein, nor sell My Signs for a small price; and fear Me, and Me alone.
3.102 "...Can't die except as a Muslim; fear Allah as He should be feared ..."
3.198 " Those who fear Allah dwell in heaven permanently..."
7.56 "Fear Allah and don not create trouble in an ordered world…"
7.171 "Allah sent earthquake to almost topple the mountains as a warning to fear Allah..."
8.2 "The true believers’ heart tremble with fear at the mention of Allah and their faith is strengthened whenever they hear the recitation of the Qur’an…"
9.119 "Believers should fear Allah and follow the truthful believers…"
22.1 "Fear Allah for the terrible judgment day..."
22.35 "A true believer’s heart trembles in fear when he hears the name of Allah…"
30.31 "Repent and fear Allah…"
35.28 "Those who have knowledge truly fear Allah..."
Other similar verses are: 39.10; 64.16; 67.12; 69.47; 71.3, 4; 92.5, 6;
7. Zayd wrote: …….pious living in gardens…..for the infidels hell fire is burning
The Quran copies:
3.15 "For the righteous there are gardens in nearness to Allah..."
3.136 " Gardens with rivers flowing underneath for the believers..."
5.119 " The believers will profit by following Islam; they will be rewarded with gardens with river flowing underneath, eternal home for the believers..."
13.23 " Believers will enter the gardens of Eden together with their righteous parents, spouses and children; angels will accompany the believers who enter there..."
13.35 " For the believers...gardens beneath which flows river..."
26.90 "To the righteous, the Garden will be brought near,
Similarly also 22.23, 56; 26.90; 32.19; 35.33; 36. 41-50,55-58; 48.5; 52.17; 54.55; 55.54; 61.12; 64.9; 68.34; 85.11; 88.10.
26.91 "And to those straying in Evil, the Fire will be placed in full view;
26.92 "And it shall be said to them: 'Where are the (gods) ye worshipped-
26.93 "'Besides Allah? Can they help you or help themselves?'
26.94 "Then they will be thrown headlong into the (Fire),- they and those straying in Evil,
98.8 " Their reward is the gardens of eternity, they will dwell therein forever; Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Allah and there is a great reward for fearing Allah..."
26.91 " Fire will be placed in full view…"
32.20 "Unbelievers will be in the abode of fire; they will be forced back there if they try to escape..."
35.36 "There is un-ending fire of hell for rejecting God; they will not die; penalty for them will not be lightened…"
36.60 "Sinners will be set apart; they will embrace fire…
37.51 "Believers will see the unbelievers being roasted in fire…"
42.7 " Allah sent an Arabic Qur’an to warn. Some home will be in garden and some will be in blazing fire..."
43.74 " The sinners will be punished; they will remain in hell forever..."
47.12 "Believers will be admitted to the Gardens; the unbelievers will enjoy this world like cattle eats and they will have their abode in fire..."
64.10 " The disbelievers will live in hell fire for ever..."
73.12 " Allah has fetters to bind the unbelievers and then burn them in fire and feed them with food that is hard to swallow..."
76.4 "For the disbelievers, Allah has prepared shackles, chains and a blazing hellfire…"
8. Zayd wrote: …..breasts will contract in anguish
The Quran echoes:
6.125 Those whom Allah (in His plan) willeth to guide,- He openeth their breast to Islam; those whom He willeth to leave straying,- He maketh their breast close and constricted, as if they had to climb up to the skies: thus doth Allah (heap) the penalty on those who refuse to believe.
6.110 "God will confuse the hearts and eyes of the disbelievers…"
7.101 "Through the narration of the previous disbelievers of their prophets, Allah shows the example that He seals the heart of the disbelievers…"
10.74 "allah seals the hearts of the transgressors..."
10.100 "No soul can believe except by the will of Allah; He will place doubt and obscurity in the heart of unbelievers..."
30.59 "Allah seals up hearts of those who do not understand..."
79.8 "Hearts will be in agitation..."
83.14 "The unbeliever’s heart is shielded by his by sins…"
9. Zayd wrote: ………there is no God [Ilah] beyond Him
The Quran says:
21.108 Say: "What has come to me by inspiration is that your God [Ilahakum] is One God [Ilah]: will ye therefore bow to His Will (in Islam) [Muslimoon]?"
27.26 "Allah!- there is no God [Ilah] but He!- Lord of the Throne Supreme!"
6.62 "Every life returns to God [Allah], the ultimate judge…"
16.74 "There is no similitude for God [Ilah]"
17.22 "Can’t set up any God [Ilahan] beside Allah…"
21.22 "If there were gods [aliha] besides God [Allah] , there would be chaos…"
21.25 "All messengers were inspired to worship one God [Ilah] only…"
28.88 "Sovereignty belongs to God [Allah]; there is no God [Ilah] but Him. Everything will perish except God's [Allah's] face…"
29.22 "No helper or protector besides God [Allah]…"
35.3 "There is no God [Ilah] but He…"
37.4 "There is only one God [Ilahakum]…"
38.65 "Muhammad is a warner; there is no God [Ilah] but one supreme…"
43.84 "God [Ilahun] is the only (deity) in the heavens and the only God [Ilahun] on earth..."
10. Zayd wrote: You can hide nothing from God
The Quran copies:
27.75 YUSUF ALI: Nor is there aught of the unseen, in heaven or earth, but is (recorded) in a clear record.
PICKTHAL: And there is nothing hidden in the heaven or the earth but it is in a clear Record.
SHAKIR: And there is nothing concealed in the heaven and the earth but it is in a clear book.
3.29 "God knows what you hide or reveal..."
5.61 "The hypocrites pretend to be believers when they meet Muhammad but they are actually against the faith; God knows all that they hide..."
11.5 "Can't hide from God: He knows the innermost secrets of our hearts..."
20.7 "God knows what is secret and what is hidden..."
21.110 "God knows what is in your open speech and what you hide in your heart..."
23.92 "God knows all hidden and open secrets; He has no partner…"
27.74 "God knows everything that you hide and reveal…"
32.6 "God is the knower of all things hidden and open..."
36.75 "God knows what the unbelievers hide and what they disclose…"
59.22 "God knows all things secret and open..."
64.4 "God knows the innermost secret of everyone…"
67.13 "Whether declared or secret, God is aware of our innermost thoughts…"
11. Zayd wrote: … the upright way has become clear
The Quran repeats:
2.256 Let there be no compulsion in religion: Truth stands out clear from Error: whoever rejects evil and believes in Allah hath grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold, that never breaks. And Allah heareth and knoweth all things.
2.99 " Quran is a clear revelation; the disbelievers are evil people..."
5.15 "The Quran is a clear book..."
15.1 "The Quran makes things clear..."
22.16 "Quran is a clear sign from Allah..."
24.46 "Allah has made things clear in the Quran and He guides to a straight path whomever He wills…"
26.1 "The Quran makes things clear…"
36.69 "Muhammad does not recite any poetry; the Quran is a clear message…"
57.9 "Allah has sent down clear revelations (Quran)…"
98.5 "The straight and the right religion involves the worshipping of Allah sincerely, be true to faith, establish regular prayers and practice regular charity (Zakat)..."
12. Zayd wrote: And will not worship another God beside thee
The Quran plagiarises:
12.40 "If not Him, ye worship nothing but names which ye have named,- ye and your fathers,- for which Allah hath sent down no authority: the command is for none but Allah: He hath commanded that ye worship none but Him: that is the right religion, but most men understand not..
2.83-84 "God’s covenant with the Children of Israel (i.e., the Jews) were: 1. to worship God only 2. honor parents 3. regard relatives, orphans and the poor 3. treat people amicably 4. observe contact prayers 5. give obligatory charity 5. no shedding of blood 6. not to evict each other from homes..."
3.79 "It is not possible for the people of the Book to worship any idol other than God alone…"
7.29" Worship God alone; you will ultimately go back to Him…"
7.55 "Worship only God privately and publicly…"
9.31 "Cannot set up religious leaders and scholars as lords; God had commanded to worship only one God…"
10.104 "Muhammad does not worship that others worship; he worships only God…"
11.2 "Qur’an teaches to worship none but God and Muhammad is a Warner who brought glad tidings…"
16.36 "God sent apostle to every people; Muhammad had been commanded to worship God and nothing else; God guided some but made errors on some..."
16.51 "Do not worship two gods; there is only one God, worship Him alone..."
21.25 "All messengers were inspired to worship one God only…"
39.11 "Muhammad is commanded to worship God only…"
40.14 "The believers must worship God even if the disbelievers dislike it…"
40.66 "Muhammad is forbidden to worship any idol; commanded to worship God only…"
72.20-21 "Muhammad is to worship only God; he has neither power to harm nor to guide people…"
109.1 "Say: O ye that reject Faith! 2 I worship not that which ye worship3 Nor will ye worship that which I worship. 62904 And I will not worship that which ye have been wont to worship5 Nor will ye worship that which I worship.6 To you be your Way and to me mine.
13. Zayd wrote: ………a messenger to Moses as a herald
The Quran copies:
4.164 "God spoke to Moses directly..."
7.143 "God spoke directly with Moses and he was the first to believe in Islam..."
7.144 "God spoke to Moses and chose him as His messenger among his people…"
18.65 So they found one of Our servants, on whom We had bestowed Mercy from Ourselves and whom We had taught knowledge from Our own Presence.
18.66 "Moses sought the permission of the angel to follow him to learn from him…"
23.45 "God sent Moses and his brother Aaron with His revelation and a profound proof…"
20.14 "God chose Moses as a messenger and told him to worship Him alone…"
25.35 "God sent Moses the Book and made Aaron, his brother his assistant (minister)…"
28.35 "God agreed to appoint Aaron, Moses’ brother to be his assistant and assured Moses’s victory against the Pharaoh…"
79.17 "God asked Moses to go to Pharaoh to redeem him…"
14. Zayd wrote: Say to Pharaoh: Did you spread out this earth without supports……….?
The Quran repeats:
13.2 Allah is He Who raised the heavens without any pillars that ye can see; is firmly established on the throne (of authority); He has subjected the sun and the moon (to his Law)! Each one runs (its course) for a term appointed. He doth regulate all affairs, explaining the signs in detail, that ye may believe with certainty in the meeting with your Lord.
31.10 "God created heavens without pillars (supports) so that you can see and He set mountains firm for the earth not to shake; He set scattered beasts of every kind in pairs..."
15. Zayd wrote: …….set the moon in the middle thereof As a light to guide when night covered it……
The Quran pirated:
6.96 "God created the sun and the moon for day and night and for the reckoning of time…"
10.5 "God made the sun a shining glory and the moon a beauty and having its stages; the sun and the moon are used to reckon the years and time…"
14.33 "The sun and the moon are subject to courses..."
16.12 "God made night and day, the sun and the moon are subject to man..."
25.61 "God made the constellations in the sky and put a lamp (the sun) and a shining moon (i.e., the moon gives light)…"
31.29 "God merges night into day and subjected the sun and the moon running its courses..."
36.39 "God has appointed mansions (or stages) for the moon till she returns like an old weathered palm leaf…"
36.40 "The sun is not permitted to catch up with the moon; the night cannot outstrip the day…"
71.15 "'See ye not how Allah has created the seven heavens one above another,
71.16 "'And made the moon a light in their midst, and made the sun as a (Glorious) Lamp?
16. Zayd wrote: Who planted seeds in the dust that herbiage might grow……
The Quran plunders:
13.4 And in the earth are tracts (diverse though) neighbouring, and gardens of vines and fields sown with corn, and palm trees - growing out of single roots or otherwise: watered with the same water, yet some of them We make more excellent than others to eat. Behold, verily in these things there are signs for those who understand!
27.60 Or, Who has created the heavens and the earth, and Who sends you down rain from the sky? Yea, with it We cause to grow well-planted orchards full of beauty of delight: it is not in your power to cause the growth of the trees in them. (Can there be another) god besides Allah? Nay, they are a people who swerve from justice.
18.45 "The rain, the plants on earth and the hay are the signs of God; he is all-powerful…"
50.9 "God sends down rain from sky for plants to grow and gives life to the dead land (part of water cycle?)..."
71.17 "God has germinated us like plants from earth..."
17. Zayd wrote: Therein are signs for the understanding
The Quran says:
38.29 (Here is) a Book which We have sent down unto thee, full of blessings, that they may mediate on its Signs, and that men of understanding may receive admonition.
2.164 "In the creation of the heavens and the earth, in the alternation of the night and the day, in the sailing of the ships through the ocean, the rain from the sky, and the springing of vegetation on a dead earth, the scattered beasts, the change of winds and clouds are the signs of Allah.."
3.190 "The earth and the alternation of night and day, are the signs of ..."
10.6 "The alternation of night and day and all that on earth are the signs of Allah..."
20.54 "Signs of (God) is in cattle of pastures; (God ) created human from earth, they will end in earth and will be brought out in earth again..."
51.20 "On earth there are signs of faith..."
18. Zayd wrote: …..deliver Jonah who spent nights in the belly of fish
The Quran says:
21.87 And remember Zun-nun, when he departed in wrath: He imagined that We had no power over him! But he cried through the depths of darkness, "There is no god but thou: glory to thee: I was indeed wrong!"
21.88 So We listened to him: and delivered him from distress: and thus do We deliver those who have faith.
37.142 "Because of his rebellion, a big fish swallowed Jonah…"
37.143/4 "But Jonah repented and prayed to God and God rescued him from the big fish…"
37.145 "God made the fish throw Jonah into a desert…"
19. Zayd wrote: The earth …….spread out…..fixed mountains on it
The Quran plagiarises:
15.19 And the earth We have spread out (like a carpet); set thereon mountains firm and immovable; and produced therein all kinds of things in due balance.
13.3 " (Allah) spread out the earth (flat), set mountains, put night as a veil..."
16.15 "(Allah) set up mountains firm lest the earth shake..."
20.53 "(Allah) made earth like a carpet spread out (flat); God created diverse pairs of plants..."
21.31 "(Allah) set mountains high lest the earth shake with them and laid the highways to guide people..."
27.61 "(Allah) made the earth to live in; He made the rivers on earth, set the immovable mountains and the separating waters …"
43.10 "The earth is like a carpet spread out (flat) and God built roads and channels in it..."
50.7 "(Allah) spread out earth (flat) and set mountains standing firm..."
77.27 "(Allah) made mountains standing firm and provided sweet water..."
78.7 "(Allah) put mountains as pegs (or stabilizers) to hold the earth in place..."
79.32 "God established mountains firmly fixed..."
88.20 "The earth is spread out (flat)..."
88.19 "Mountains are set firm by the power of God..."
20. Zayd wrote: ….clouds which bear sweet water….
The Quran says:
7.57 "God sends the winds to carry the heavily laden clouds to fall as rain in a dead land to produce agriculture (part of water cycle?)..."
24.43 "God moves clouds and causes rain and snow…"
30.48 "God sends winds, winds raise the cloud; God spreads the clouds in sky, breaks clouds in fragments until rain drops (part of water cycle?)..."
77.27 "God made mountains standing firm and provided sweet water..."
78.14 And do We not send down from the clouds water in abundance,
78.15 That We may produce therewith corn and vegetables,
78.16 And gardens of luxurious growth?
*** Based upon the astounding number of verses that the Quran has plagiarised, plundered, pirated and/or perverted from the pre Islamic poets , disproves two challenges in it:
1 That no Humans could emulate its verses. Well, the above clearly disprove this claim.
2 That no Jinn could emulate it as well, the SATANIC VERSES, destroy this claim.
To allege that Allah - if Allah is the same as the God of Israel - 'revealed' such plagiarised verses is tantamount to blasphemy.
The ONLY possible and realistic conclusion is that the Quran was RECITED entirely by Muhammad without any kind of divine assistance, especially since it revolves entirely upon the needs, hatreds, lust, anger and personal thoughts of Muhammad himself.
In summation, the Quran is purely Muhammad's own ALTER EGO projected into the unsuspecting mouth of Allah, the supreme rock god of the Quraysh, embedded in the corner wall of the Ka'ba, called the BLACK STONE ***