Al Ra'd (The Thunder) (13)- 43 M

1        Alif Lam Mim Ra. These are the Signs (or Verses) of the Book: that which hath been revealed unto thee from thy Lord is the Truth; but most men believe not.

2>        Allah is He Who raised the heavens without any pillars that ye can see; is firmly established on the throne (of authority); He has subjected the sun and the moon (to His law)! each one runs (its course) for a term appointed.  He doth regulate affairs explaining the Signs in detail that ye may believe with certainty in the meeting with your Lord.

3>        And it is He Who spread out the earth and set thereon mountains standing firm and (flowing) rivers: and fruit of every kind He made in pairs two and two: He draweth the Night as a veil o'er the Day. Behold verily in these things there are Signs for those who consider!

       *** The expression 'spread out the earth' implies that the earth is flat ***

4>        And in the earth are tracts (diverse though) neighboring and gardens of vines and fields sown with corn and palm trees growing out of single roots or otherwise: watered with the same water yet some of them We make more excellent than others to eat.  Behold verily in these things there are Signs for those who understand!

5>        If thou dost marvel (at their want of faith) strange is their saying: "When we are (actually) dust shall we indeed then be in a creation renewed?" They are those who deny their Lord! They are those round whose necks will be yokes (of servitude): they will be Companions of the Fire who dwell therein (for aye)!

6        They ask thee to hasten on the evil in preference to the good: yet have come to pass before them (many) exemplary punishments! But verily thy Lord is full of forgiveness for mankind for their wrongdoing: and verily thy Lord is (also) strict in punishment.

7        And the Unbelievers say! "Why is not a Sign sent down to him from his Lord?" But thou art truly a warner and to every people a guide.        
       *** This verse explains very clearly the function of Muhammad: he is a warner and definitely not a miracle worker. That is why, the Quran does not contain a single miraculous event which is contrary to the later made up traditions of incredible but unsubstantiated miracles.

        Either the Quran is wrong or the traditions are fabrications but BOTH cannot be right ***

8>        Allah doth know what every female (womb) doth bear by how much the wombs fall short (of their time or number) or do exceed.  Every single thing is before His sight in (due) proportion.

9>        He knoweth the Unseen and that which is open: He is the Great the Most High.

10>        It is the same (to Him) whether any of you conceal his speech or declare it openly; whether he lie hid by night or walk freely by day.

11>        For each (such person) there are (angels) in succession before and behind him: they guard him by command of Allah.  Verily never will Allah change the condition of a people until they change it themselves (with their own souls). But when (once) Allah willeth a people's punishment there can be no turning it back nor will they find besides Him any to protect.

       *** This verse shows the dichotomy and 'split personality' of the Quran regarding human destiny.

       The same verse above, implies both FREE WILL and PRE-DESTINATION.

        The fact remains that, in most of the verses of the Quran - as well as in the Hadiths -, pre-destination is the concept most accepted ***

12>        It is He Who doth show you the lightning by way both of fear and of hope: it is He Who doth raise up the clouds heavy with (fertilizing) rain!

13>        Nay thunder repeateth His praises and so do the angels with awe: He flingeth the loud-voiced thunderbolts and therewith He striketh whomsoever He will...  Yet these (are the men) who (dare to) dispute about Allah with the strength of His power (supreme)!

14>        For Him (alone) is prayer in Truth: any others that they call upon besides Him hear them no more than if they were to stretch forth their hands for water to reach their mouth but it reaches them not: for the prayer of those without Faith is nothing but (futile) wandering (in the mind).

15>        Whatever beings there are in the heavens and the earth do prostrate themselves to Allah (acknowledging subjection) with good will or in spite of themselves: so do their shadows in the mornings and evenings.

16>        Say: "Who is the Lord and Sustainer of the heavens and the earth?" Say: "It is Allah." Say: "Do ye then take (for worship) protectors other than Him such as have no power either for good or for harm to themselves?" Say: "Are the blind equal with those who see? Or the depths of darkness equal with Light?" Or do they assign to Allah partners who have created (anything) as He has created so that the creation seemed to them similar? Say: "Allah is the Creator of all things: He is the One the Supreme and Irresistible."

17>        He sends down water from the skies and the channels flow each according to its measure: but the torrent bears away the foam that mounts up to the surface.  Even so from that (ore) which they heat in the fire to make ornaments or utensils therewith there is a scum likewise.  Thus doth Allah (by parables) show forth Truth and Vanity: for the scum disappears like froth cast out; while that which is for the good of mankind remains on the earth.  Thus doth Allah set forth parables.

18>        For those who respond to their Lord are (all) good things.  But those who respond not to Him even if they had all that is in the heavens and on earth and as much more (in vain) would they offer it for ransom.  For them will the reckoning be terrible: their abode will be Hell what a bed of misery!

19>        Is then one who doth know that that which hath been revealed unto these from thy Lord is the Truth like one who is blind? It is those who are endued with understanding that receive admonition

20>        Those who fulfil the Covenant of Allah and fail not in their plighted word;

21>        Those who join together those things which Allah hath commanded to be joined hold their Lord in awe and fear the terrible reckoning;

22>        Those who patiently persevere seeking the countenance their Lord; establish regular prayers; spend out of (the gifts) We have bestowed for their sustenance secretly and openly; and turn off Evil with good: for such there is the final attainment of the (Eternal) Home

23>        Gardens of perpetual bliss: they shall enter there as well as the righteous among their fathers their spouses and their offspring: and angels shall enter unto them from every gate (with the salutation):

24>        "Peace unto you for that ye persevered in patience! Now how excellent is the final Home!"

25>        But those who break the Covenant of Allah after having plighted their word thereto and cut asunder those things which Allah has commanded to be joined and work mischief in the land on them is the Curse; for them is the terrible Home!

26>        Allah doth enlarge or grant by (strict) measure the Sustenance (which He giveth) to whom so He pleaseth.  (The worldly) rejoice in the life of this world: but the life of this world is but little comfort in the Hereafter.

27>        The Unbelievers say: "Why is not a Sign sent down to him from his Lord?" Say: "Truly Allah leaveth to stray [Youthillou] whom He will; but He guideth [yahdi] to Himself those who turn to Him in penitence

       # 1842        The question is repeated from xiii. 7 above; for the line of reasoning there suggested in answer is now completed, and another line of reasoning is now taken up. Allah provides every guidance for those who turn to Him in penitence, but He will leave those to wander astray who deliberately close their eyes and their hearts to His grace and the comfort that comes from remembering Him and celebrating His praises#

       *** The interpreter has deliberately mistranslated the word (Youthillou = sends/leads astray) in this verse because 'He leaveth to stray whom he will' should actually read 'He sends/leads astray whom He will'. The former faulty translation shows human FREE WILL while the ACTUAL one shows PRE-DESTINATION.

               The reason for this deliberate editing is to make it conform to - and not contradict the deliberately falsified translation of - verse 14:27 wherein the Quran once more affirms that "Allah will lead astray [youthillou] the wrong doers".

       In BOTH cases, they show that Allah PRE- DESTINES humanity.

        In subsequent theological arguments, some Muhammadan Muslim theologians could not accept the concept of pre-destiny since it deprives Mankind of the freedom of choosing their own actions and hence their responsibility for their own fate.

        Under such circumstances, Allah cannot be seen to be just and loving and forgiving. To be just, Allah has to give Mankind free will and hence punish the will-full wrongdoers and reward the believers and the good.

       Once again it has to be pointed out to the reader that, PREDESTINY negates the reason for having RELIGION.


       Without the need of religion, then there is no need for PROPHETS.

       Hence there is no need for Muhammad or his Quran  ***

28>        "Those who believe and whose hearts find satisfaction in the remembrance of Allah: for without doubt in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find satisfaction.

29>        "For those who believe and work righteousness is (every) blessedness and a beautiful place of (final) return."

30        Thus have We sent thee amongst a People before whom (long since) have (other) Peoples (gone and) passed away; in order that thou mightest rehearse unto them what We send down unto thee by inspiration; yet do they reject (Him) the Most Gracious [bil Rahmani] Say: "He is my Lord! There is no god but He! On Him is my trust and to Him do I turn!"
       *** Once more, does the translator deliberately misrepresent the term …
bil Rahmani… into Most gracious. The former, is the name of a god while the latter is an adjective.

       Once more the reader must be made aware that at the beginning of his mission (the Mecca period), the god of Muhammad was called Al RAHMAN and NOT ALLAH (mostly in the Madina period) ***
31        If there were a Qur'an with which mountains were moved or the earth were cloven asunder or the dead were made to speak (this would be the one!)  But truly the Command is with Allah in things! Do not the Believers know that had Allah (so) willed He could have guided all mankind (to the Right)? But the Unbelievers never will disaster cease to seize them for their (ill) deeds or to settle close to their homes until the Promise of Allah come to pass for verily Allah will not fail in His promise.

       *** This is a very interesting verse because it actually 'hits the nail on the head' as the saying goes.

       Why does Allah NOT guide all mankind to do right instead of only some of them?
       Why misguide any of them?

       Where is his justice, mercy and compassion when he pre-destines people to his Hell through bo fault of their own?

       These questions were addressed by many Muslim exegetes who were condemned as heretics for their intellectual efforts ***

32>        Mocked were (many) Apostles before thee: but I granted respite to the Unbelievers and finally I punished them; then how (terrible) was My requital!

33>        Is then He Who standeth over every soul (and knoweth) all that it doth (like any others)? And yet they ascribe partners to Allah.  Say: "But name them! Is it that ye will inform Him of something He knoweth not on earth or is it (just) a show of words?" Nay! to those who believe not their pretence seems pleasing but they are kept back (thereby) from the Path: and those whom Allah leaves to stray no one can guide.

34>        For them is a Penalty in the life of this world but harder truly is the Penalty of the Hereafter; and defender have they none against Allah.

35>        The parable of the Garden which the righteous are promised! beneath it flow rivers: perpetual is the enjoyment thereof and the shade therein: such is the End of the Righteous; and the End of Unbelievers is the Fire.

36>        Those to whom We have given the Book rejoice at what hath been revealed unto thee: but there are among the clans those who reject a part thereof.  Say: "I am commanded to worship Allah and not to join partners with Him.  Unto Him do I call and unto Him is my return."                                                                                                        
       #1857        The Book: in a general sense, Revelation. "Those to whom the Book hath been given" are both (1) the People of the Book of previous revelations, who study the new Revelation in Arabic without prejudice and find in it confirmation of what their ancestors had received and believed in it, and (2) the Muslims who receive the Qur-an with such joy#
       *** What this verse is implying is that Muhammad had received recognition among some of the Jews of Mecca - some of whom may well have accepted him as a prophet - as well as facing some opposition from others who were not convinced of his claims.

        In the Quran the term 'Book' can have two meanings since it represents sometimes the Torah and sometimes the Quran depending on the format of the verse concerned ***

37        Thus have We revealed it to be a judgment of authority in Arabic. Wert thou to follow their (vain) desires after the knowledge which hath reached thee then wouldst thou find neither protector nor defender against Allah.

38>        We did send apostles before thee and appointed for them wives and children: and it was never the part of an apostle to bring a Sign except as Allah permitted (or commanded).  For each period is a Book (revealed).

       *** The Quran, contrary to the Biblical as well as the historical records, asserts that there were 'Books' revealed to all the Hebrew prophets. In reality, the only Book ever revealed to any prophet in the whole of the Bible, was the Torah to Moses, and none other***

39        Allah doth blot out or confirm what He pleaseth: with Him is the Mother of the Book.

       *** The concept of the 'Mother of the Book' is not a Muhammadan original idea since according to Jewish tradition, the original Torah is with God ***

40        Whether We shall show thee (within thy lifetime) part of what We promised them or take to Ourselves thy soul (before it is all accomplished) thy duty is to (make the Message) reach them: it is Our part to call them to account.

41        See they not that We gradually reduce the land (in their control) from its outlying borders? (Where) Allah commands there is none to put back His command: and He is swift in calling to account.

42        Those before them did (also) devise plots; but in all things the master planning is Allah's.  He knoweth the doings of every soul: and soon will the Unbelievers know who gets home in the End.

       *** Allah of the Quran, spends a lot of time plotting and counter plotting against his own pre-destined creation.

       Why would Allah, if he is the Almighty need to do all this scullduggery if he were omniscient? ***

43        The Unbelievers say: "No apostle art thou." Say: "Enough for a witness between me and you is Allah and such as have knowledge of the Book."
       *** Neither Allah nor '...such as have knowledge of the Book' were ever witnesses to Muhammad's alleged apostle-ship ***
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