1>Closer and closer to mankind comes their Reckoning: yet they heed not and they turn away.
2Never comes (aught) to them of a renewed Message from their Lord but they listen to it as in jest
3Their hearts toying as with trifles. The wrongdoers conceal their private counsels (saying) "Is this (one) more than a man like yourselves? Will ye go to witchcraft with your eyes open?"
4Say: "My Lord knoweth (every) word (spoken) in the heavens and the earth: He is the One that heareth and knoweth (all things)."
5"Nay" they say "(these are) medleys of dreams! nay he forged it!--nay he is (but) a poet! Let him then bring us a Sign like the ones that were sent to (prophets) of old!"
*** The Quraiysh, Muhammad's tribe, did not accept his message, because it was aginst everything they believed in. More over, they have already heard similar stories from the Jews and Christians who lived amongst them***
6>(As to those) before them not one of the populations which We destroyed believed: will these believe?
7> Before thee also the apostles we sent were but men to whom We granted inspiration: if ye realize this not ask of those who possess the Message.
# 2670 See xvi. 43 and n. 2069. This answers the Unbelievers' taunt, "he is just a man like ourselves!" True, but all messengers sent by Allah were men, not angels or another kind of beings, who could not understand men or whom men could not understand#
*** Again and again, the Quran asserts that Muhammad was only a man but an inspired one, as were all the other messengers of Allah. The interpreter none the less, makes serious errors in his comments above.
First of all, Angels WERE messengers of God and were sent as men to men and were understood by them, as numerous verses in the Bible attest to.
Second,Muhammad's alleged 'revelations' from Gabriel - if it was Gabriel - must have been totally misunderstood by him, thus explaining, why the Quran's versions of the Biblical events are so wrong ***
8Nor did We give them bodies that ate no food nor were they exempt from death.
9>In the end We fulfilled to them Our promise and We saved them and those whom We pleased but We destroyed those who transgressed beyond bounds.
*** There is a clear contradiction in the above alleged divine 'revelation', since:
On the one hand, Allah says "..and We saved them and those whom we pleased.."which is an act of PRE-DESTINATION, and yet, on the other hand,
"but We destroyed those who transgressed beyond bounds", which implies acts of FREE WILL by those who were destroyed***
10We have revealed for you (O men!) a book in which is a Message for you: will ye not then understand?
*** The reader has to be reminded as repeatedly as possible, that the Quran did not EXIST as a BOOK in the life-time of Muhammad, making the statement above, totally untrue ***
11>How many were the populations we utterly destroyed because of their iniquities setting up in their places other peoples!
12>Yet when they felt Our Punishment (coming) behold they (tried to) flee from it.
*** This verse contradicts many of the others that make it clear that Allah visited death and destructon upon the unbelievers, invariably when they were asleep and could NOT possibly have been able to flee from their fate***
13Flee not but return to the good things of this life which were given you and to your homes in order that ye may be called to account.
14They said: "Ah! woe to us! We were indeed wrongdoers!"
15>And that cry of theirs ceased not till We made them as a field that is mown as ashes silent and quenched.
16>Not for (idle) sport did We create the heavens and the earth and all that is between!
17If it had been Our wish to take (just) a pastime We should surely have taken it from the things nearest to Us if We would do (such a thing)!
18Nay We hurl the Truth against falsehood and it knocks out its brain and behold falsehood doth perish! Ah! woe be to you for the (false) things ye ascribe (to Us).
*** If Allah's hurling of the Truth "...knocks out.." the brains of falshood, then there should have been no falsehood left, and hence, no need for Allah to destory unbelievers ***
19>To Him belong all (creatures) in the heavens and on earth: even those who are in His (very) Presence are not too proud to serve Him nor are they (ever) weary (of His service):
20>They celebrate His praises night and day nor do they ever flag or intermit.
*** Copied from
Rev. 4:8" …and they rest not day and night, saying, holy , holy,holy, Lord God Almighty, which was, and is, and is to come***
21>Or have they taken (for worship) gods from the earth who can raise (the dead)?
22>If there were in the heavens and the earth other gods besides Allah there would have been confusion in both! But glory to Allah the Lord of the Throne: (high is He) above what they attribute to Him!
23>He cannot be questioned for His acts but they will be questioned (for theirs).
24Or have they taken for worship (other) gods besides Him? Say "Bring your convincing proof: this is the Message of those with me and the Message of those before me." But most of them know not the Truth and so turn away
25>Not an apostle did We send before thee without this inspiration sent by Us to him: that there is no god but I; therefore worship and serve Me.
26>And they say: "(Allah) Most Gracious has begotten offspring." Glory to Him! they are (but) servants raised to honor.
27They speak not before He speaks and they act (in all things) by His command.
28>He knows what is before them and what is behind them and they offer no intercession except for those who are acceptable and they stand in awe and reverence of His (glory).
29If any of them should say "I am a god besides Him" such a god We should reward with Hell: thus do We reward those who do wrong.
30>Do not the Unbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were joined together (as one unit of Creation) before We clove them asunder? We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?
#2690 The evolution of the ordered worlds as we see them is hintedat. As man's intellectual gaze over the physical world expands, he sees more and more how Unity is the dominating note in Allah's wonderful Universe. Taking the solar system alone, we know that the maximum intensity of sun-spots corresponds with the maximum intensity of magnetic storms on this earth. The universal law of gravitation seems to bind all mass together. Physical facts point to the throwing off of planets from vast quantities of diffused nebular matter, of which the central condensed core is a sun. (21.30)2691 About 72 per cent, of the surface of our Globe is still covered with water, and it has been estimated that if the inequalities on the surface were all levelled, the whole surface would be under water, as the mean elevation of land sphere-level would be 7,000- 10,000 feet below the surface of the ocean. This shows the predominance of water on our Globe. That all life began in the water is also a conclusion to which our latest knowledge in biological science points. Apart from the fact that protoplasm, the original basis of living matter, is liquid or semi-liquid and in a state of constant flux and instability, there is the fact that land animals, like the higher vertebrates, including man, show, in their embryological history, organs like those of fishes, indicating the watery origin of their original habitat. The constitution of protoplasm is about 80 to 85 per cent of water#
*** The Quraiysh did not believe because the above verse is totally asinine, since it is obvious that neither the believers nor the unbelievers could see or even imagine how and when the earth was ever stitched and unstitched nor could either of them understand such an implication.
Moreover, the interpreter is forcing the meaning of the Quranic verse to make sense, since he knows very well, that living matter is not made from water, although water is the largest percentage constituent in many cases.
Further more, this statement, completely contradicts the story of the Creation in the Bible; the one and only original source, that the Quran asserts, is revealed in the Torah to Moses ***
31>And We have set on the earth mountains standing firm lest it should shake with them and We have made therein broad highways (between mountains) for them to pass through: that they may receive guidance.
*** According to almost all Muhammadan scholars, the Quran is scientifically accurate and accords with our knowledge of Geology, Biology, Cosmology, etc.
Yet, here we have, the Quran's 'scientific' assertion that the mountains stop the FLATEarth from shaking***
32>And We have made the heavens as a canopy well-guarded: Yet do they turn away from the Signs which these things (point to)!
*** In this verse, it is Allah who is speaking - of course through the angel, Gabriel ***
33>It is He Who created the Night and the Day and the sun and the moon: all (the celestial bodies) swim along each in its rounded course.
34>We granted not to any man before thee permanent life (here): if then thou shouldst die would they live permanently?
35>Every soul shall have a taste of death: and We test you by evil and by good by way of trial: to Us must ye return.
# 2697 Cf. iii. 185. and n. 491. The soul does not die, but when it separates from the body at the death of the body, the soul gets a taste of death. In our life of probation on this earth, our virtue and faith are tested by many things: some are tested by calamities, and some by the good things of this life. If we prove our true mettle, we pass our probation with success. In any case all must return to Allah, and then will our life be appraised at its true value.#
*** This is copied from
Hebrews 9:27 "And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment" ***
36>When the Unbelievers see thee they treat thee not except with ridicule. "Is this" (they say) "the one who talks of your gods?" And they blaspheme at the mention of (Allah) Most Gracious [al Rahmani] !
# 2698 To the godly man the issue between false worship and true worship is a very serious matter. To the sceptics and unbelievers it is only a joke. They take it lightly, and laugh at the godly man. They not only laugh at him, but they blaspheme when the name of the One True God is mentioned. The reply to this is in the next verse.#
*** Since Allah was the supreme god among the pagan Arabs, especially al Quraiysh of Mecca, they would not and could not have blasphemed his name as the interpreter implies.
Furthermore,"...And they blaspheme at the mention of (Allah) Most Gracious!..." is the wrong translation, since the correct translation should have read-
"…they would deny all mention of al Rahman, they are blasphemers..." .
The reader should notice that the word Allah is not mentioned in the verse above (that is why the translator put it in brackets) thus deliberately changing the interpretation completely because in reality, Muhammad was invoking the name of al Rahman, who was the supreme god among the Yemenites but not among the Quraiysh, long before he turned to Allahthe supreme god of the Quraiysh.
In fact, al Rahman in the verse above represents the name of the Yemenite god and not, as implied, an attribute of Allah***
10Man is a creature of haste: soon (enough) will I show you My Signs: then ye will not ask Me to hasten them!
*** If 'Man is a creature of haste', it is because it was Allah who created him in this manner. It is NOT Man's fault.
So why does Allah complain about the chracter of his own creation? The verse is nonsensical if not downright blaphemous***
38They say: "When will this promise come to pass if ye are telling the truth?"
39>If only the Unbelievers knew (the time) when they will not be able to ward off the Fire from their faces nor yet from their backs and (when) no help can reach them!
*** But the Unbelievers are so, because they were pre-destined to be Unbelievers; why then complain and attack them?
It was, is, and never will be their fault.
They are, after all, as the Quran repeatedly asserts, pre-ordained to err. All such verses in the Quran are utterly without logic, intellect or sense ***
40Nay it may come to them all of a sudden and confound them: no power will they have then to avert it nor will they (then) get respite.
41>Mocked were (many) apostles before thee; but their scoffers were hemmed in by the thing that they mocked.
42>Say "Who can keep you safe by night and by day from (the Wrath of) (Allah) Most Gracious [al Rahmani]" Yet they turn away from the mention of their Lord.
# 2702 'Allah is most Gracious: if, in spite of His great mercy, you are so rebellious and depraved as to incur His Wrath, who is there who can save you? His Wrath can descend on you at any time, by night or by day#
*** The translation of this verse is also wrong - and made deliberately so - since once again, the Arabic speaks of the al Rahmani, who is the god of the Yemenites and is a name or title, but definitely not an attribute of 'most gracious', thus changing the whole meaning and context of the verse.
The Quraiysh believed in Allah and not in al Rahman and thatwas one among many reasons that they turned away from Muhammad's invocations***
43>Or have they gods that can guard them from Us? They have no power to aid themselves nor can they be defended from Us.
44Nay We gave the good things of this life to these men and their fathers until the period grew long for them; see they not that we gradually reduce the land (in their control) from its outlying borders? Is it then they who will win?
45Say "I do but warn you according to revelation": but the deaf will not hear the call (even) when they are warned!
*** This verse is correct but does not make it clear to the reader, that, to repeat yet again, that they are 'deaf' not because of choice, but because they were made so, by Allah, in the first place ***
46If but a breath of the Wrath of thy Lord do touch them they will then say "Woe to us! we did wrong indeed!"
47>We shall set up scales of justice for the Day of Judgment so that not a soul will be dealt with unjustly in the least. And if there be (no more than) the weight of a mustard seed We will bring it (to account): and enough are We to take account.
21:48> In the past We granted to Moses and Aaron the Criterion (for judgment) and a Light and a Message for those who would do right
#2709 Cf- ii. 53 and n. 68, where the meaning of Furqan is discussed. Here three things are mentioned as given to Moses and Aaron: (1) The Criterion for judgment: this might well be the wonderful Proofs they saw of Allah's goodness and glory from which they could have no doubt as to Allah's will and command; (2) the Light; this was the inner enlightenment of their soul, such as comes from inspiration: and (3) the Message, the Book, the original Book of Moses, which Aaron as his lieutenant would also use as a guide for his people.#
*** The Law was NOT given to both Moses and Aaron but to Moses only. This Quranic version (as well as 37:117), is of course untrue, and cannot be reconciled with the Biblical narrative. In fact in 2:53, only Moses is mentioned as in the Bible.
Since the paganArabs had no 'Tradition' of the stories of Moses and Aaron, they cannot claim such by any standard of logic.
Even the Quran, in many verses (such as 3:164 & 62:2), confirm, that the pagan Arabs prior to its 'revelations' were ignorant of previous Scriptures. This is one more verse - among hundreds of others - that deliberately perverts and contorts the written historical records ***
49>Those who fear their Lord in their most secret thoughts and who hold the Hour (of Judgment) in awe.
21:50> And this is a blessed Message which We have sent down: will ye then reject it?
#2711 Here is a Prophet and a Book, greater than Moses and his Book. Are you going to reject him and it?#
*** The verse above does not assert that the Quran is superior to the preceding revelations; it is only the interpreter's imagination that alleges this.
Since the Quran is but a faint reflection of the Torah, it cannot possibly be considered either equal to, or superior, to the original Book of Revelations ***
51>We bestowed aforetime on Abraham his rectitude of conduct and well were We acquainted with him.
#2712 Rushd: right conduct, corresponding in action to the quality expressed in the epithet Hanif (sound or true in Faith) applied to Abraham in ii. 135 and elsewhere.2713 Hence Abraham's title "Friend of Allah" (Khalil-ullah): iv. 125.#
*** Indefatigably, both the Quran and its interpreter copy from the Bible what they need for their agenda, and then conveniently discard all others.
In the Bible,Abraham is called the 'Friend of God', which in Hebrew it is 'Haber'. The literal translation into Arabic is 'Khalil'.
By using the Arabic equivalent, the generally ignorant reader - ignorant of the Bible - would believe, that the story is actually Arabian and not Hebrew. This brainwashing technique has been extremely successful during the last 1450 years.
The expression, that Abraham was a friend of God comes, afterall, from the Torah-
II Chronicles 20: 7" Are you not our God, who drove out the inhabitants of this land before your people Israel, and gave it to the seed of Abraham your friend for ever?" and Isaiah 41: 8" But you, Israel, are my servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham my friend"
and is not a new Arabian idea ***
52>Behold! he said to his father and his people "What are these images to which ye are (so assiduously) devoted?"
#2714 Reference is made to Abraham in many places. In xix. 42-49 it was with reference to his relations to his father: the problem was how a righteous man should deal with his father, when his duty to his father conflicts with his duty to Allah. Here the problem is: how a righteous man should deal with evil and overcome it; how he should fight against evil, and if he is subjected to the fire of persecution, how his firmness draws Allah's Mercy, and the very troubles he is placed in become his comfort and joy.#
*** The above verse, and many that follow (52-75), are copies of stories found in the Midrash and in Legends of the Jews.
There is Not a single story about Abraham in the Quran that constitutes a revelation to the People of the Book, but only to the ignorant and illiterate pagan Arabs.
Once more, the Quran jumps from one unrelated subject to another, and in most cases, they are repeats with variations of REHASHEDBiblical stories that have already been mentioned in verses before ***
53>They said "We found our father worshipping them."
54>He said "Indeed ye have been in manifest error-ye and your fathers."
55They said "Have you brought us the Truth or are you one of those who jest?"
56>He said "Nay your Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth He Who created them (from nothing): and I am a witness to this (truth).
57>And by Allah I have a plan for your idols after ye go away and turn your backs"...
58>So he broke them to pieces (all) but the biggest of them that they might turn (and address themselves) to it.
59>They said "Who has done this to our gods? He must indeed be some man of impiety!"
60>They said "We heard a youth talk of them: he is called Abraham."
61>They said "Then bring him before the eyes of the people that they may bear witness:"
62>They said "Art thou the one that did this with our gods O Abraham?"
63>He said: "Nay this was done by this is their is their biggest one! Ask them if they can speak intelligently!"
64>So they turned to themselves and said "Surely ye are the ones in the wrong!"
65>Then were they confounded with shame: (they said) "Thou knowest full well that these (idols) do not speak!"
66>(Abraham) said "Do ye then worship besides Allah things that can neither be of any good to you nor do you harm?
67>"Fie upon you and upon the things that ye worship besides Allah! have ye no sense?"...
68They said "Burn him and protect your gods if ye do (anything at all)!"
69We said "O fire! be thou cool and (a means of) safety for Abraham!"
#2724 The nature of fire, by all the physical laws of matter, is to be hot. The fire became cool, and a means of safety for Abraham. (21.69)2725 Can we form any idea of the place where he passed through the furnace, and the stage in his career at which this happened? He was born in Ur of the Chaldees, a place on the lower reaches of the Euphrates, not a hundred miles from the Persian Gulf. This was the cradle, or one of the cradles, of human civilisation. Astronomy was studied here in very ancient times, and the worship of the sun, moon, and stars was the prevailing form of religion. Abraham revolted against this quite early in life, and his argument is referred to in vi. 74-82. They also had idols in their temples, probably idols representing heavenly bodies and celestial winged creatures. He was still a youth (xxi. 60) when he broke the idols. This was stage No. 2. After this he was marked down as a rebel and persecuted. Perhaps some years passed before the incident of his being thrown into the Fire (xxi. 68-69) took place. Traditionally the Fire incident is referred to a king called Nimrud, about whom see n. 1565 to xi. 69. If Nimrud's capital was in Assyria, near Nineveh (site near modern Mosul), we may suppose either that the king's rule extended over the whole of Mesopotamia, or that Abraham wandered north through Babylonia to Assyria. Various stratagems were devised to get rid of him (xxi. 70), but he was saved by the mercy of Allah. The final break came when he was probably a man of mature age and could speak to his father with some authority. This incident is referred to in xix. 41-48. He now left his ancestral lands, and avoiding the Syrian desert, came to the fertile lands of Aram or Syria, and so south to Canaan, when the incident of xi. 69-76 took place. It is some years after this that we may suppose he built the Ka'ba with Isma'il (ii, 124-29), and his prayer in xiv. 35-41 may be referred to the same time. His visit to Egypt (Gen. xii. 10) is not referred to in the Qur-an. (21.69)#
*** The stories in the Quran of Abraham's confrontation with his father, the destruction of the idols, his trial by fire etc., are not found in the Bible but are in the Legends of the Jews from the Talmud. These are allegorical/mythical stories that Muhammad heard about from his contacts with the Jews both in Mecca and in Madina.
These are NOT in the none existant and alleged 'traditions' of the Arabs, since the Quran repeatedly mentions their total ignorance of the Biblical events among the pagan Arabs before Muhammad. Their historical 'record' shows their total lack of such knowledge before the Quran.
As usual, both the Quran and its interpreter, fall back totally on the records of the Jews ,PLAGIARISE, PIRATE, PLUNDER and/orPERVERT them, and then shamelessly and without a grain of decency, claim that these are the original stories in Arabic by the Arabs ***
70Then they sought a stratagem against him: but We made them the ones that lost most!
71>But We delivered him and (his nephew) Lut (and directed them) to the land which We have blessed for the nations.
#2727 The land of Aram or Syria, which in its widest connotation includes Canaan or Palestine. Syria is a well-watered fertile land, with a Mediterranean sea-coast, on which the famous commercial cities of Tyre and Sidon were situated. Its population is very mixed, as it has been a bone of contention between all the great kingdoms and empires of Western Asia and Egypt, and European interest in it dates from the most ancient times.#
*** It has to be pointed out to the reader, repeatedly, that without his references in the Bible, the interpreter's explanations and historical accounts about Aram, Syria and Canaan would not have been possible.
The most important events in Middle Eastern history, those of Israel, Syria, Phoenicia, Iraq and Egypt, were recorded eloquently and in some detail, in the Hebrew history from the conquest of Canaan to modern times.
The Bible has been the foundation and guide upon which, the Archaeology of the region was based.
The Arabs - until after the Muhammadan Muslim conquests - had not contributed any written documents towards the history of the region ***
21:72> And We bestowed on him Isaac and as an additional gift (a grandson) Jacob and We made righteous men of every one (of them).
#2728 Nafilat has many meanings: (1) booty; (2) extra work or prayer; (3) extra or additional gift; (4) grandson. The two last significations are implied here. Not only was Abraham given a son in his old age; he was given not only Isaac, but several sons, the chief being Isma'il and Isaac, who both joined in burying him (Gen. xxv. 9); and he also saw grandsons. Isma'il is specially mentioned later (xxi. 85) apart from Isaac's line, on account of his special importance for Islam.#
*** Ishmael only became the 'father' of the Arabs, NOT based on any true recorded historical or oral tradition by the Arabs, but because he was MADE so, by the later Muhammadan exegetes to give the Arabs- and Muhammad - a worthy ancestry and genealogy.
Prior to the Quran and Ahadith, the Arabs had no IDEA that they were, in any way shape or form, either related to, or decended from Ishamel or Abraham.
The only truthful statement in the interpretation above, is that they were ALL Muslims, since they all believed in Allah alone***
73>And We made them leaders guiding (men) by Our Command and We sent them inspiration to do good deeds to establish regular prayers and to practice regular charity; and they constantly served Us (and Us only).
74>And to Lut too we gave Judgment and Knowledge and We saved him from the town which practiced abominations: truly they were a people given to Evil a rebellious people.
*** The story of Lot, too, was not in the traditions of the Arabs prior to its incorporation in the Quran.
The reader must be reminded, repeatedly, that every one and ALL the Biblical names mentioned in the Quran, were not KNOWN to, or in the traditions of, the pagan Arabs.
They ALL became incorporated and 'ISLAMIZED' in the Quran and then later, the Ahadith***
75>And We admitted him to Our Mercy: for he was one of the Righteous.
76>(Remember) Noah when he cried (to Us) aforetime: We listened to his (prayer) and delivered him and his family from great distress.
77>We helped him against people who rejected Our Signs: truly they were a people given to Evil: so We drowned them (in the Flood) all together.
21:78>And remember David and Solomon when they gave judgment in the matter of the field into which the sheep of certain people had strayed by night: We did witness their judgment.
*** This is another imaginary story which is not in theBible,nor was it known among the pagan Arabs ***
79>To Solomon We inspired the (right) understanding of the matter: to each (of them) We gave Judgment and Knowledge; it was Our power that made the hills and the birds celebrate Our praises with David: it was We Who did (these things).
#2732 The sheep, on account of the negligence of the shepherd, got into a cultivated field (or vineyard) by night and ate up the young plants or their tender shoots, causing damage, to the extent of perhaps a whole year's crop. David was king, and in his seat of judgment he considered the matter so serious that he awarded the owner of the field the sheep themselves in compensation for his damage. The Roman law of the Twelve Tables might have approved of this decision, and on the same principle was built up the Deodand doctrine of English Law, now obsolete. His son Solomon, a mere boy of eleven, thought of a better decision, where the penalty would better fit the offence. The loss was the loss of the fruits or produce of the field of vineyard: the corpus of the property was not lost. Solomon's suggestion was that the owner of the field or vineyard should not take the sheep altogether but only detain them long enough to recoup his actual damage, from the milk, wool, and possibly young of the sheep, and then retum the sheep to the shepherd. David's merit was that he accepted the suggestion, even though it came from a little boy: Solomon's merit was that he distinguished between corpus and income, and though a boy, was not ashamed to put his case before his father. But in either case it was Allah Who inspired the true realisation of justice. He was present and witnessed the affair, as He is present all the time. 2733 Whatever is in the heavens and the earth celebrates the praises of Allah: xvii. 44; Ivii. 1; xvi. 48-50. Even the "thunder repeateth His praises": xiii. 13. All nature ever sings the praises of Allah. David sang in his Psalms, cxlviii. 7-10: "Praise the Lord from the earth, ye ... mountains and all hills; ... creeping things and flying fowl!" All nature sings to Allah's glory, in unison with David, and angels, and men of God. Cf. xxxiv. 10 and xxxviii. 18-19#
*** Without batting a eyelid and without shame, the interpreter makes copious use of the Bible and Scriptures to make his points; the same Biblical records, that he and the Muhammadan scholars declare, as tainted and or corrupted.
It is of course an obvious corollary, that God inspired men from Noah and Abraham to Moses and Isaiah. They are only the messengers of the Almighty who conveyed His instructions to humanity. They were ALL either Israelites or Jews.
The sentences in the verse above, repeatedly assert, that it is Allah who is controlling, preordaining, every one and every thing. None have the free will to do anything without his permission ***
21:80>It was We Who taught him the making of coats of mail for your benefit to guard you from each others violence: will ye then be grateful?
#2734 The making of coats of mails is attributed to David. It is defensive armour, and therefore its discovery and supply is associated with deeds of righteousness in xxxiv. 10-11, in contrast with the deadly weapons which man invents for offensive purposes. Indeed, all fighting, unless in defence of righteousness, is mere "violence." 2735 David's good work then was: (1) he was open to learn wisdom wherever it came from; (2) he sang the praises of Allah, in unison with all nature; (3) he made defensive armour. But all these things he did, because of the faculties which Allah had given him, and we must be grateful for this and for all things to Allah.#
*** According to the Bible, David clearly did not introduce the coats of mail to the Israelites. They were already being used by the Philistines as is written in
I Samuel 17: "4 And there came out a champion from the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span 5. And he had a helmet of bronze upon his head, and he was armed with a coat of mail; and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels of bronze".
It is incomprehensible that the Quranic version is so much at variance from the Bible. It is easily understood as to why the learned interpreter - who knows the Bible very well - had to concoct a story to cover such blatant discrepancies ***
81>(It was Our power that made) the violent (unruly) wind flow (tamely) for Solomon to his order to the land which We had blessed [barakna fiha] : for We do know all things.
#2736 Cf. xxxiv. 12, and xxxviii. 36-38, This has been interpreted to mean that Solomon had miraculous power over the winds, and he could make them obey his order. In any case the power behind was, and is, from Allah, Who has granted man intelligence and the faculties by which he can tame the more unruly forces of nature. 2737 Evidently Palestine, in which was Solomon's capital, though his influence extended for north in Syria#
*** This verse is describing the Land of Promise blessed [Barakna fiha]by Allah. While the interpreter has shown an incredible mastery of both the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament, nontheless, as a follower of Muhammad, he could not bring himself to tell the whole truth; hence he, as has been his forte as shown repeatedly, resorted to deception and misinformation.
The TRUTH is, there was no Palestine in the days of Abraham, or Ishmael, or Moses, or David, or Solomon or Jesus, or any other date prior to 135 AD, when the Romans, to spite and humiliate the Jews, re-named their country, Judea, to Palestinia; the name of the mortal enemies of the Israelites ***
82And of the evil ones were some who dived for him and did other work besides; and lit was We Who guarded them.
83>And (remember) Job when he cried to his Lord "Truly distress has seized me but Thou art the Most Merciful of those that are merciful."
84>So We listened to him: We removed the distress that was on him and We restored his people to him and doubled their number as a Grace from Ourselves and a thing for commemoration for all who serve Us.
85>And (remember) Ismail Idris and Zul-kifl all (men) of constancy and patience;
#2741 Isma'il is mentioned specially, apart from the line which descended through Isaac (xxi. 72), as he was the founder of a separate and greater Ummat. His sufferings began in infancy (see n. 160 to ii. 158); but his steady constancy and submission to the will of Allah were specially shown when he earned the title of "Sacrifice to Allah" (see n. 2506 to xix. 54). That was the particular quality of his constancy and patience. 2742 For Idris see n. 2508 to xix. 56. He was in a high station in life, but that did not spoil him. He was sincere and true, and that was the particular quality of his constancy and patience. 2743 Zul-kifl would literally mean "possessor of, or giving, a double requital or portion"; or else, "one who used a cloak of double thickness," that being one of the meanings of Kifl. The Commentators differ in opinion as to who is meant, why the title is applied to him, and the point of his being grouped with Isma'il and Idris for constancy and patience. I think the best suggestion is that afforded by Karsten Niebuhr in his Reisebeschreibung nach Arabian, Copenhagen, 1778, ii. 264-266, as quoted in the Encyclopaedia of Islam under "Dhul-Kifl". He visited Meshad 'All in 'Iraq, and also the little town called Kefil, midway between Najaf and Hilla (Babylon). Kefil, he says, is the Arabic form of Ezekiel. The shrine of Ezekiel was there, and the Jews came to it on pilgrimage. If we accept "Zul-kifl" to be not an epithet, but an Arabicised form of "Ezekiel", it fits the context. Ezekiel was a prophet in Israel who was carried away to Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar after his second attack on Jerusalem (about B.C. 599). His Book is included in the English Bible (Old Testament). He was chained and bound, and put into prison, and for a time he was dumb (Ezekiel, iii. 25-26). He bore all with patience and constancy, and continued to reprove boldly the evils in Israel. In a burning passage he denounces false leaders in words which are eternally true: "Woe be to the shepherds of Israel that do feed themselves! Should not the shepherds feed the flocks? Ye eat the fat, and ye clothe you with the wool, ye kill them that are fed: but ye feed not the flock. The diseased have ye not strengthened, neither have ye healed that which was sick, neither have ye bound up that which was broken ...... etc. (Ezekiel, xxxiv. 2-4). Zul-kifl is again mentioned in xxxviii. 48 along with Isma'il and Elisha.#
*** Yet once more, the maligned and insulted Bible and Hebrew Scriptures - that are allegedly corrupted by the Jews - are used by their detractor, to explain in fantastic but not accurate detail, an otherwise unexplainable verse***
86>We admitted them to Our Mercy: for they were of the Righteous ones.
87>And remember Zun-nun when he departed in wrath: he imagined that We had no power over him! But he cried through the depths of darkness "There is no god but Thou: Glory to Thee: I was indeed wrong!"
#2744 Zun-nun. "the man of the Fish or the Whale", is the title of Jonah (Yunus), because he was swallowed by a large Fish or Whale. He was the prophet raised to warn the Assyrian capital Nineveh. For Nineveh see n. 1478 to x. 98. His story is told in xxxvii. 139-149. When his first warning was unheeded by the people, he denounced Allah's wrath on them. But they repented and Allah forgave them for the time being. Jonah, meanwhile, departed in wrath, discouraged at the apparent failure of his mission. He should have remained in the most discouraging circumstances, and relied on the power of Allah; for Allah had power both over Nineveh and over the Messenger He had sent to Nineveh. He went away to the sea and took a ship, but apparently the sailors threw him out as a man of bad omen in a storm. He was swallowed by a big Fish (or Whale), but in the depth of the darkness, he cried to Allah and confessed his weakness. The "darkness" may be interpreted both physically and spiritually; physically, as the darkness of the night and the storm and the Fish's body; spiritually as the darkness in his soul, his extreme distress in the situation which he had brought on himself. Allah Most Gracious forgave him. He was cast out ashore; he was given the shelter of a plant in his state of mental and physical lassitude. He was refreshed and strengthened, and the work of his mission prospered. Thus he overcame all his disappointment by repentance and Faith, and Allah accepted him#
*** The above expanations are based upon the interpreter's own fanciful ideas, and without any corroborating recorded or even oral evidential sources ***
88>So We listened to him: and delivered him from distress: and thus do We deliver those who have faith.
89>And (remember) Zakariya when he cried to his Lord: "O my Lord! leave me not without offspring though Thou art the best of inheritors.
90>So We listened to him: and We granted him Yahya: We cured his wife's (barrenness) for him. These three were ever quick in emulation in good works: they used to call on Us with love and reverence and humble themselves before Us.
91>And (remember) her who guarded her chastity: We breathed into her of Our Spirit and We made her and her son a Sign for all peoples.
92>Verily this Brotherhood of yours is a single Brotherhood and I am your Lord and Cherisher: therefore serve Me (and no other).
93But (later generations) cut off their affair (of unity) one from another: (yet) will they all return to Us.
94>Whoever works any act of righteousness and has Faith his endeavor will not be rejected: We shall record it in his favor.
95But there is a ban on any population which We have destroyed: that they shall not return.
96>Until the Gog and Magog (people) are let through (their barrier) and they swiftly swarm from every hill.
#2753 For Gog and Magog see n. 2439 to xviii. 92. The name stands for wild and lawless tribes who will break their barriers and swarm through the earth. This will be one of the prognostications of the approaching Judgment.#
*** This is a repeat of 18:94 . The Magog are NOT a PEOPLE but a PLACE as mentioned in
Ezekiel 38:2 " Son of man, set your face against Gog, the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him..."***
97>Then will the True Promise draw nigh (of fulfillment): then behold! the eyes of the Unbelievers will fixedly stare in horror: "Ah! woe to us! we were indeed heedless of this; nay we truly did wrong!"
98>Verily ye (Unbelievers) and the (false) gods that ye worship besides Allah are (but) fuel for Hell! To it will ye (surely) come!
99>If these had been gods they would not have got there! But each one will abide therein.
100There sobbing will be their lot nor will they there hear (aught else).
101>Those for whom the Good (Record) from Us has gone before will be removed far therefrom.
102>Not the slightest sound will they hear of Hell: what their souls desired in that will they dwell.
103>The Great Terror will bring them no grief: but the angels will meet them (with mutual greetings): "This is your Day (the Day) that ye were promised."
104>The Day that we roll up the heavens like a scroll rolled up for books (completed) even as We produced the first Creation so shall We produce a new one: a promise We have undertaken: truly shall We fulfil it.
#2758 The world-the universe-as we know it, will be folded up like a scroll of parchment, for it will have done its work. If Allah created all this world out of nothing, He can create an entirely new heaven and a new earth, on a plane of which we can form no conception in our present life. And He will do so, for that is His promise.#
*** Plundered from
Isaiah 34:4" And all the host of heaven shall rot away, and the heavens shall be rolled together like a scroll; and all their host shall fall down, like the leaf falls off from the vine, and like a falling fig from the fig tree..."***
105>Before this We wrote in the Psalms after the Message (given to Moses): My servants the righteous shall inherit the earth."
#2759 Zabur: the Book of the Psalms of David. The name of David is expressly mentioned in connection with the Zabur in iv. 163 and xvii. 55, although there the indefinite article is applied to the word as meaning a Book of Scripture. See Psalms xxv. 13, "his seed shall inherit the earth"; xxxvii. 11, "the meek shall inherit the earth" (quoted by Jesus in Matt. v.3); and xxxvii. 29, "the righteous shall inherit the land." 2760 The same promise occurs in the Pentateuch, Exod. xxxii. 13#
*** Plagiarised from
Psalms 37: 29"For evil doers shall be cut off; but those who wait upon the Lord shall inherit the earth".
It should be noted here, that although the Quran repeatedly attests to the divine origin of the Bible, this is the ONLY verse that is directly quoted from it ***
106Verily in the (Qur'an) is a Message for people who would (truly) worship Allah.
107We sent thee not but as a mercy for all creatures.
108>Say: "What has come to me by inspiration is that your Allah is One Allah: will ye therefore bow to His Will (in Islam)?"
*** In this verse, Muhammad is addressing the People of the Book, that his god is the same as theirs and hence they should become Muslims. There are two major erroneous assumptions in this verse:
First: The God of the People of the Book, has no name; and most emphatically, it is not Allah, since Allah, was the name of the supreme god of the pagan Ka'ba.
Secondly: Since the People of the Book believe and had been believers in the One and Only God, for thousands of years before Muhammad and his Quran, they were then, by definition, MUSLIMS.
Hence, they did not need to believe in Muhammad's message, since it was not a new and/or superior revelation for them ***
109But if they turn back say: "I have proclaimed the Message to you all alike and in truth; but I know not whether that which ye are promised is near or far.
110>"It is He Who knows what is open in speech and what ye hide (in your hearts).
111"I know not but that it may be a trial for you and a grant of (worldly) livelihood (to you) for a time.
112> Say: "O my Lord! judge Thou in truth!" "Our Lord Most Gracious is the One Whose assistance should be sought against the blasphemies ye utter!"
***NOTE: Even if it may be obvious to the learned reader, the following should still be pointed out:
1The interpreter's mastery of the Bible is excellent.
2Even though his mastery is excellent, he nontheless, does his best to pervert, twist, contort, deceive and misinform the reader so that he can achieve his agenda of making the Quran look original, spiritual and divinely inspired.
3If the reader was not shown all the explanations and details pertaining to the verses, would the reader have understood anything from the Quran?
Who the characters were?
Where they orignated from?
In which era?
What would the truly honest answer be?
4If the reader was not given references in chapter and verse as to the sources of the QuranicAYAT/ VERSES, would the reader have known the facts?
5Irrespective of my own personal inputs in the above, it is up to the reader to weigh matters carefully, and try to come to a fair and honest conclusion, not for anybody else's sake but his/her own ***