1>Blessed is He Who sent down the Criterion to His servant that it may be an admonition to all creatures
#3053 That by which we can judge clearly between right and wrong. Here the reference is to the Qur-an, which has already been symbolised by light. This symbol is continued here, and many contrasts are shown, in the midst of which we can distinguish between the true and the false by Allah's Light, especially the contrast between righteousness and sin. 3054 The pronoun in yakuna may refer either to Furqan (the Criterion) or to 'Abd (the holy Prophet). In either case the ultimate meaning is the same. The Qur-an is the standing Criterion for judgment between right and wrong.#
*** The word 'criterion' was used initially in 2:53, 3:3, 21:48 especially in the context of Moses and the Torah upon which many of the most important verses in the Quran are based ***
2>He to Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth: no son has He begotten nor has He a partner in His dominion: it is He Who created all things and ordered them in due proportions.
#3055 The majesty of Allah and His independence of all wants or help are mentioned to show how exceedingly great is His goodness in revealing His Will to us.#
*** This verse is a confirmation of the unity of Allah and denies the Christian belief in the Trinity ***
3>Yet have they taken besides Him gods that can create nothing but are themselves created; that have no control of hurt or good to themselves; nor can they control Death nor Life nor Resurrection.
#3056 This is the first great distinction taught by the Criterion; to know the attributes of the true God, as against the false fancies of men.#
*** This attribute is in the First Commandment and is recited daily by every Israelite/Jew throughout his/her life and has been the case for at east 2000 years before Muhammad and his Quran***
4But the Misbelievers say: "Naught is this but a lie which he has forged and others have helped him at it." In truth it is they who have put forward an iniquity and a falsehood.
#3057 Ifk, which I have translated a "lie" may be distinguished from zur at the end of this verse, translated "falsehood". The "lie" which the enemies attributed to the holy Prophet of Allah was supposed to be something which did not exist in reality, but was invented by him with the aid of other people: the implication was that (1) the Revelation was not a revelation but a forgery, and that (2) the things revealed e.g. the news of the Hereafter, the Resurrection, the Judgment, the Bliss of the Righteous and the sufferings of the Evil, were fanciful and had no basis in fact. Delusion is also suggested. The reply is that, so far from that being the case, the facts were true and the charges were false (zar),-the falsehood being due to the habits of iniquity for which the Misbelievers' whole mental and spiritual attitude was responsible.#
*** The only misbelievers at the time of Muhammad were his tribe the Quraiysh and other pagan Arabs.
Even these gullible and generally illiterate people, rejected his alleged 'divine revelations' and accused him of plagiarism and fabrication. They would have known the truth, since they were nearest to him in both Time and Space.
These accusations must have rankled with him so much, that he had to refute them with several of his usual MADE TO ORDER'revealed verses'.
His accusers were of course, totally vindicated, since almost all of Muhammad's ideas were pirated, plundered and/or perverted from the Bible and the beliefs and scriptures of other people.
The Quran does not contain any new and revolutionary SPIRITUAL or INTELLECTUAL 'revelations' ***
5>And they say: "Tales of the ancients which he has caused to be written: and they are dictated before him morning and evening."
#3058 In their misguided arrogance they say: 'We have heard such things before; they are pretty tales which have come down from ancient times; they are good for amusement, but who takes them seriously?' When the beauty and power of the Revelation are pointed out, and its miracle as coming from an unlearned man, they again hint at other men who wrote them, though they could not produce any one who could write anything like it.#
*** The use of the word 'unlearned' should not be confused with 'illiterate'. Both the Quran and its interpreter assert, that 'unlearned' means ignorant of Previous Divine Revelations and is used to describe both Muhammad and the pagan Arabs in contradistinction to the Jews and Christians who already had their Books.
Even if Unlearned does mean Illiterate - which it does not - Muhammad's prose in the Quran could no more be divine than the pagan poetry of Arabia that were created by Unlearned as well as Illiterate poets, long before Muhammad and his Quran.
Although he was an unlearned paganat the beginning of his life, after marrying Khadijah, he was exposed to the concept of Monotheism because she was a Hanif, that is a believer in the One and Only God of Abraham and was connected to a Christian family. Muhammad was surrounded in both the Mecca and Madina by Jews.
In any case, his 'revelations' did not appear to him in a vacuum. This verse - as well as the preceding one - were written in hindsight to refute the accusations made by his fellow Quraiysh people that he was writing these verses himself, based upon the scriptures of the Jews and Christians, and were neither original nor divine.
According to the Quran, the Quraiysh were sure of his ability to read and write. The defenders of Muhammad point out, that these accusations were made by his enemies and hence are not true.
This is of course a very disingenuous argument, since it is fair to assume, that their core accusations of falsifying the contents of the Quran can be based on their enmity; but, they had absolutely no reason to lie in their insistence on the peripheral and wholly tangential matter, that he can read and write.
Muhammadans of course conveniently 'forget' that the Quran is full of thousands of verses making unverified and unsubstantiated accusations against all the real and perceived enemies of Muhammad as well as containing a great number of grammatical and textual errors that cannot have been 'revealed' by any divine entity***
6Say: "The (Qur'an) was sent down by Him Who knows the Mystery (that is) in the heavens and the earth: verily He is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful."
#3059 The answer is that the Qur-an teaches spiritual knowledge of what is ordinarily hidden from men's sight, and such knowledge can only come from Allah, to Whom alone is known the secret of the whole Creation. In spite of man's sin and shortcomings, He forgives, and He sends His most precious gift, i.e., the revelation of His Will.#
*** The Quran does not contain any spiritual knowledge that is not available in the Torah and Scriptures.
Allah's attributes, as most merciful and most compassionate, come entirely from the Bible and Scriptures.
Moeover, the Quran - contrary to the implications of the verses of the
Quran - did not exist as a book in the lifetime of Muhammad ***
7And they say: "What sort of an apostle is this who eats food and walks through the streets? Why has not an angel been sent down to him to give admonition with him?
8"Or (why) has not a treasure been bestowed on him or why has he (not) a garden for enjoyment?" The wicked say: "Ye follow none other than a man bewitched."
9See what kinds of companions they make for thee! But they have gone astray and never a way will they be able to find!
10>Blessed is He Who if that were His will could give thee better (things) than those Gardens beneath which rivers flow; and He could give thee Palaces (secure to dwell in).
*** The reader must be regularly reminded, that the concepts of Paradise, the Garden, Resurrection and End of Days/Time, were not known to Muhammad or his fellow pagan Arabs, prior to their incorporation in Muhammad's Quran***
11>Nay they deny the Hour (of the Judgment to come): but We have prepared a Blazing Fire for such as deny the Hour:
12>When it sees them from a place far off they will hear its fury and its raging sigh.
13>And when they are cast bound together into a constricted place therein they will plead for destruction there and then!
14"This day plead not for a single destruction: plead for destruction oft-repeated!"
15>Say: "Is that best or the eternal Garden promised to the righteous? For them that is a reward as well as a goal (of attainment).
16"For them there will be therein all that they wish for: they will dwell (there) for aye: a promise to be prayed for from thy Lord."
17>The Day He will gather them together as well as those whom they worship besides Allah He will ask: "Was it ye who led these my servants astray or did they stray from the Path themselves?"
18They will say: "Glory to Thee! not meet was it for us that we should take for protectors others besides Thee: but Thou didst bestow on them and their fathers good things (in life) until they forgot the Message: for they were a people (worthless and) lost.
19>(Allah will say): "Now have they proved you liars in what ye say: so ye cannot avert (your penalty) nor (get) help." And whoever among you does wrong him shall We cause to taste of a grievous Penalty.
20>And the apostles whom We sent before thee were all (men) who ate food and walked through the streets: We have made some of you as a trial for others: will ye have patience? For Allah is One Who sees (all things).
21>Such as fear not the meeting with Us (for Judgment) say: "Why are not the angels sent down to us or (why) do we not see our Lord?" Indeed they have an arrogant conceit of themselves and mighty is the insolence of their impiety!
22>The Day they see the angels no joy will there be to the sinners that Day: the (angels) will say: "There is a barrier forbidden (to you) altogether!"
23And We shall turn to whatever deeds they did (in this life) and We shall make such deeds as floating dust scattered about.
24>The Companions of the Garden will be well that Day in their abode and have the fairest of places for repose.
25>The Day the heaven shall be rent asunder with clouds and angels shall be sent down descending (in ranks)
26>That Day the dominion as of right and truth shall be (wholly) for (Allah) Most Merciful: it will be a day of dire difficulty for the Misbelievers.
27>The Day that the wrongdoer will bite at his hands He will say "Oh! would that I had taken a (straight) path with the Apostle
28>"Ah! woe is me! would that I had never taken such a one for a friend!
29>"He did lead me astray from the Message (of Allah) after it had come to me! Ah! the Evil One is but a traitor to man!
*** The concept of Satan as an enemy of humanity, a creation, that employs all means to misguide humans, is a figment of the human imagination.
No where in the Torah, is there mention of such a creation. Man invented this 'creature', so that Man can blame it, for all its own evil deeds.
Moreover, there is no mention in the Bible of Iblis, Satan, Devil or Jinn as creations of God.
These are human concepts that are used to absolve one's self of its own misdeeds, so that Man is absolved of any sense of responsibility for Man's evil actions. ***
30Then the Apostle will say: "O my Lord! truly my people took this Qur'an for just foolish nonsense."
31>Thus have We made for every prophet an enemy among the sinners: but enough is thy Lord to guide and to help.
32Those who reject Faith say: "Why is not the Qur'an revealed to him all at once?" Thus (is it revealed) that We may strengthen thy heart thereby and We have rehearsed it to thee in slow well-arranged stages gradually.
*** Even the simple pagan Arabian mind, was able to ask a most relevant question; if the revelations to Moses were accomplished in a very short period of time; why then did it take Muhammadtwenty three years - and more, if he had lived longer - to get his act together?
Why did not Allah'reveal' most of the verses in a short period of time instead of 'revealing' them, invariably, AFTER the events that took place over a period of
23 years? ***
33And no question do they bring to thee but We reveal to thee the truth and the best explanation (thereof).
*** This verse explains it all:
Allah reveals the verses AFTERMuhammad was asked the questions, and NOT before.
Hence, a question is asked of Muhammad, and very conveniently, later on, a verse is 'revealed' to answer it ***
34>Those who will be gathered to Hell (prone) on their faces they will be in an evil plight and as to Path most astray.
35Before this We sent Moses the Book and appointed his brother Aaron with him as Minister;
36And We commanded: "Go ye both to the people who have rejected Our Signs": and those (people) We destroyed with utter destruction.
37>And the people of Noah when they rejected the apostles We drowned them and We made them as a Sign for mankind; and We have prepared for (all) wrongdoers a grievous Penalty
38As also `Ad and Thamud and the Companions of the Rass and many a generation between them.
#3094 Commentators are not clear as to who the "Companions of the Rass" were. The root meaning of "rass" is an old well or shallow water-pit. Another root connects it with the burial of the dead. But it is probably the name of a town or place. The "Companions of the Rass" may well have been the people of Shu'aib, as they are here mentioned with the 'Ad, the Thamud, and Lot's people, and the people of Shu'aib are mentioned in a similar connection in xxvi. 176-190 and in xi. 84-95. Shu'aib was the prophet of the Madyan people in the north-west of Arabia, where many old wells are found. There is however an oasis town al-Rass in the district of Qasim in Middle Najd, about thirty-five miles south-west of the town of 'Unaiza, reputed to be the central point of the Arabian Peninsula, and situated midway between Makkah and Basra.#
*** The word Rass, that the Muhammadan exegetes could not explain, is only one among hundreds, that had no origin in the Arabic dialect of the Quraiysh.
It is estimated, that there are at least 118 foreign words in the Quran, without which, the Quran would fall apart; such as: Sakina, Ahbar, Iblis, Umma, Madrassah, Qiyama, Sura, Lawh, Amen, etc, etc***
39To teach one We set forth parables and examples; and each one We broke to utter annihilation (for their sins).
40>And the (Unbelievers) must indeed have passed by the town on which was rained a shower of evil: did they not then see it (with their own eyes)? But they fear not the Resurrection.
41When they see thee they treat thee no otherwise than in mockery: "Is this the one whom Allah has sent as an apostle?"
42"He indeed would well-nigh have misled us from our gods had it not been that we were constant to them!" Soon will they know when they see the Penalty who it is that is most misled in Path!
43Seest thou such a one as taketh for his god his own passion (or impulse)? Couldst thou be a disposer of affairs for him?
44Or thinkest thou that most of them listen or understand? They are only like cattle; nay they are worse astray in Path.
45Hast thou not turned thy vision to thy Lord? how He doth prolong the Shadow! If He willed He could make it stationary! Then do We make the sun its guide:
46Then We draw it in towards Ourselves a contraction by easy stages.
47>And He it is Who makes the Night as a Robe for you; and Sleep as Repose and makes the Day (as it were) a Resurrection.
48>And He it is Who sends the Winds as heralds of glad tidings going before His Mercy and We send down purifying water from the sky
49>That with it We may give life to a dead land and slake the thirst of things We have created cattle and men in great numbers.
50And We have distributed the (water) amongst them in order that they may celebrate (Our) praises but most men are averse (to aught) but (rank) ingratitude.
51Had it been Our Will We could have sent a warner to every center of population
52Therefore listen not to the Unbelievers but strive against them with the utmost strenuousness with the (Qur'an).
53It is He Who has let free the two bodies of flowing water: one palatable and sweet and the other salt and bitter; yet has He made a barrier between them a partition that is forbidden to be passed.
#3112 In Allah's overall scheme of things, bodies of salt and sweet water, which are adjoining and yet separate, have significant functions. Weaving a harmonious fabric out of these different fibres shows both Allah's power and wisdom. Incidentally, this verse points to a fact which has only recently been discovered by science. This fact relates to the oceans of the world: they meet and yet each remains separate for Allah has placed "a barrier, a partition" between them.#
*** It is incredible to what depth of perverted logic that the interpreter stoops to to explain the unexplainable.
The oceans of the world are not separated by any barrier except those of the laws of physics due to density, temperature, speed of current, etc.
Muhammad did not 'foresee' or 'discover' this, because Muhammad was plagiarizing from the myths and religions of other peoples.
This verse in fact, is based upon the Babylonian Creation Story[Enuma Elish], where the world begins, with the mingling of two great bodies of water, Apsu, fresh water and Tiamat, saline water.
Muhammad may have heard this myth among all the other stories belonging to the traditions of Christians, Jews, Zoroastrians and others, which he subsequently, and very conveniently, inserted into his Quran***
54>It is He Who has created man from water: then has He established relationships of lineage and marriage: for thy Lord has power (over all things).
#3113 The basis of all living matter in the physical world, protoplasm, is water: Cf. xxiv. 45 and xxi. 30, and notes thereon. 3114 Water is a fluid, unstable thing: yet from it arises the highest form of life known to us, in this world, man. And man has not only the functions and characteristics of the noblest animals, but his abstract relationships are also typical of his highest nature. He can trace lineage and pedigree, and thus remember and commemorate a long line of ancestors, to whom he is bound by ties of piety, which no mere animals can do. Further, there is the union in marriage: it is not only like the physical union of animals, but it gives rise to relationships arising out of the sexes of individuals who were not otherwise related to each other. These are physical and social facts.#
*** This is a variation on
24: "45And Allah has created every animal from water: of them there are some that creep on their bellies; some that walk on two legs; and some that walk on four. Allah creates what He wills: for verily Allah has power over all things"
where the verse asserts, that animals were created from water.
The interpreter's 'scientific' explanations are irrelevant to the fact, that the Biblical version states, that animals were created by the Word of God, while Adam was formedfrom the DUST of the Earth.
Genesis 1: " 24 God said, 'Let the earth bring forth living creatures, each according to its kind: animal, and creeoing thing, and beast of the land each accosrding to its kind' And it was so..."
Genesis 2: " 7 And God formed the man of dust from the ground, and He blew into his nostrils the soul of lfe; and man became a living being"
The Quran on the other hand, has at least TEN inconsistent variations for the creation of Man instead of the only ONE in the Bible ***
55Yet do they worship besides Allah things that can neither profit them nor harm them: and the Misbeliever is a helper (of Evil) against his own Lord!
56But thee We only sent to give glad tidings and admonition.
57Say: "No reward do I ask of you for it but this: that each one who will may take a (straight) Path to his Lord."
58>And put thy trust in Him Who lives and dies not; and celebrate His praise; and enough is He to be acquainted with the faults of His servants
59> He Who created the heavens and the earth and all that is between in six days and is firmly established on the Throne (of authority): (Allah) Most Gracious [al Rahmanu]: ask thou then about Him of any acquainted (with such things).
#3119 The argument is about the question, in whom shall we put our trust? Worldly men put their trust in worldly things: the righteous man only in Allah. The true distinction will be quite clear from a ray of divine knowledge. If you do not see it all clearly, ask of those who possess such knowledge.#
*** As usual, the translator of the Quran deliberately misleads the reader both as to the actual meaning as well as to the context of many of the most important verses.
In the above - and in the following verse - for example, the name Allah does not exist and 'Most Gracious' has been deliberately turned into an adjective while in reality it is the NAME of a god, al RAHMAN.
These deliberate falsifications are made to make the reader believe that the god being discussed is Allah at all times, which of course, is not the case ***
60When it is said to them "Adore [Asjudu] ye (Allah) Most Gracious [Lil Rahmani] !" they say "And what is (Allah) Most Gracious [al Rahmanu] ? Shall we adore that which thou commandest us?" and it increases their flight (from the Truth).
*** Once again 'Most Gracious' is not correct since it should be al Rahman, the name of a god and not an adjective ***
61>Blessed is He Who made Constellations in the skies and placed therein a Lamp and a Moon giving light;
62>And it is He Who made the Night and the Day to follow each other: for such as have the will to celebrate His praises or to show their gratitude.
63And the servants of (Allah) Most Gracious [alRahmani] are those who walk on the earth in humility and when the ignorant address them they say "Peace!"
64Those who spend the night in adoration of their Lord prostrate and standing;
65>Those who say "Our Lord! avert from us the Wrath of Hell for its Wrath is indeed an affliction grievous
66"Evil indeed is it as an abode and as a place to rest in";
67Those who when they spend are not extravagant and not niggardly but hold a just (balance) between those (extremes);
68Those who invoke not with Allah any other god nor slay such life as Allah has made sacred except for just cause not commit fornication and any that does this (not only) meets punishment
69>(But) the Penalty on the Day of Judgment will be doubled to him and he will dwell therein in ignominy
70>Unless he repents believes and works righteous deeds for Allah will change the evil of such persons into good and Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful
71>And whoever repents and does good has truly turned to Allah with an (acceptable) conversion
72Those who witness no falsehood and if they pass by futility they pass by it with honorable (avoidance);
73Those who when they are admonished with the Signs of their Lord droop not down at them as if they were deaf or blind:
74And those who pray "Our Lord! grant unto us wives and offspring who will be the comfort of our eyes and give us (the grace) to lead the righteous."
75>Those are the ones who will be rewarded with the highest place in heaven because of their patient constancy; therein shall they be met with salutations and peace
76Dwelling therein how beautiful an abode and place of rest!
77Say (to the rejecters): "My Lord is not uneasy because of you if ye call not on Him but ye have indeed rejected (Him) and soon will come the inevitable (punishment)!"
*** THE READER SHOULD TAKE NOTE THAT THERE ARE
60 (BRACKETED) EXPLANATIONS INSERTED INTO THE QURANIC VERSES TO MAKE THEM INTELLIGIBLE ***