5>It is a Revelation sent down by (Him) the Exalted in Might Most Merciful.
6In order that thou mayest admonish [warn] a people [qawman] whose fathers had received no admonition and who therefore remain heedless (of the Signs of Allah).
*** The only people that this verse can be addressing are the pagan Arabs and not all of humanity, especially since the latter do not understand Arabic***
7The Word is proved true against the greater part of them; for they do not believe.
8We have put yokes round their necks right up to their chins so that their heads are forced up (and they cannot see).
9And We have put a bar in front of them and a bar behind them and further We have covered them up; so that they cannot see.
10The same is it to them whether thou admonish them or thou do not admonish them: they will not believe.
*** The Quran is not able to distinguish between the concept of free will and pre-destination.
The current verses contradict each other, since if Allah had barred these creatures from being able to believe, then of course, all attempts to change their ways would fail.
These unfortunates, are then destined to suffer eternal torments in Allah's Hell, through no fault of their own***
11>Thou canst but admonish: such a one as follows the Message and fears the (Lord) Most Gracious unseen: give such a one therefore good tidings of Forgiveness and a Reward most generous.
12>Verily We shall give life to the dead and We record that which they sent before and that which they leave behind and of all things have We taken account in a clear Book (of evidence).
13Set forth to them by way of a parable the (story of) the Companions of the City. Behold there came apostles to it.
14When We (first) sent to them two apostles they rejected them: but We strengthened them with a third: they said "Truly we have been sent on a mission to you."
15The (people) said: "Ye are only men like ourselves; and (Allah) Most Gracious sends no sort of revelation: Ye do nothing but lie."
16They said: "Our Lord doth know that we have been sent on a mission to you:
17"And Our duty is only to proclaim the clear Message."
*** This Sura was revealed in Mecca when Muhammad was weak and his verses were much more realistic and conciliatory. He asserts that his mission was ONLY to proclaim the unity of Allah.
Unfortunately, for many tens of thousands of pagan Arabs, Muhammad resorted to FORCE, TERROR, death and destruction to convert them to his version of Islam***
18The (people) said: "for us We augur an evil omen from you: if ye desist not we will certainly stone you and a grievous punishment indeed will be inflicted on you by us."
19They said: "Your evil omens are with yourselves: (deem ye this an evil omen) if ye are admonished? Nay but ye are a people transgressing all bounds!"
20Then there came running from the farthest part of the City a man saying "O my people! obey the apostles:
21"Obey those who ask no reward of you (for themselves) and who have themselves received Guidance.
22"It would not be reasonable in me if I did not serve Him Who created me and to Whom ye shall (all) be brought back.
23"Shall I take (other) gods besides Him? If (Allah) Most Gracious should intend some adversity for me of no use whatever will be their intercession for me nor can they deliver me.
24"I would indeed if I were to do so be in manifest Error.
25"For me I have faith in the Lord of you (all): listen then to me!"
26>It was said: "Enter thou the Garden." He said "Ah me! would that my People knew (what I know)!
27>"For that my Lord has granted me Forgiveness and has enrolled me among those held in honor!"
28>And We sent not down against his People after Him any hosts from heaven nor was it needful for Us so to do.
29It was no more than a single mighty Blast and behold! they were (like ashes) quenched and silent.
30Ah! alas for (My) servants! There comes not an apostle to them but they mock Him!
31See they not how many generations before them We destroyed? Not to them will they return:
32>But each one of them all will be brought before Us (for judgment).
33.A Sign for them is the earth that is dead; We do give it life and produce grain therefrom of which ye do eat.
34And We produce therein orchards with date-palms and Vines and We cause springs to gush forth therein.
35That they may enjoy the fruits of this (artistry): it was not their hands that made this: will they not then give thanks?
36>Glory to Allah Who created in pairs all things that the earth produces as well as their own (human) kind and (other) things of which they have no knowledge.
37>And a Sign for them is the Night: We withdraw therefrom the Day and behold they are plunged in darkness;
38>And the Sun runs his course for a period determined for him: that is the decree of (Him) the exalted in Might the All-Knowing.
39>And the Moon We have measured for her mansions (to traverse) till she returns like the old (and withered) lower part of date-stalk.
40>It is not permitted to the Sun to catch up the Moon nor can the Night outstrip the Day: each (just) swims along in (its own) orbit (according to Law).
41>And a Sign for them is that We bore their race (through the flood) in the loaded Ark;
42>And We have created for them similar (vessels) on which they ride.
*** This is of course untrue since it was man who created ships and not Allah***
43>If it were Our Will We could drown them; then would there be no helper (to hear their cry) nor could they be delivered.
44>Except by way of Mercy from Us and by way of (worldly) convenience (to serve them) for a time.
45>When they are told "Fear ye that which is before you and that which will be after you in order that ye may receive Mercy" (they turn back).
46>Not a Sign comes to them from among the Signs of their Lord but they turn away therefrom.
47And when they are told "Spend ye of (the bounties) with which Allah has provided you." You Unbelievers say to those who believe: "Shall we then feed those whom if Allah had so willed He would have fed (himself)? Ye are in nothing but manifest error."
48Further they say "When will this promise (come to pass) if what ye say is true?"
49They will not (have to) wait for aught but a single Blast: it will seize them while they are yet disputing among themselves!
50No (chance) will they then have by will to dispose (of their affairs) nor to return to their own people!
51>The trumpet shall be sounded when behold! from the sepulchers (men) will rush forth to their Lord!
#3997 Traditionally, the angel who will sound the Trumpet is Israfil, but the name does not occur in the Qur-an. The Trumpet is mentioned in many places: e.g., vi. 73; lxxviii. 18, etc.#
*** Yet again, the interpreter claims that the Arabs have another tradition regarding Israfil and the Trumpet; the word is not even Arabic.
All these claims about 'traditions' are totally indemonstrable, unsubstantiated and are produced without a shred of evidence to back them up except the say so of the interpreter or the Muhammadan author***
52>They will say: "Ah! woe unto us! Who hath raised us up from our beds of repose? (A voice will say:) "This is what (Allah) Most Gracious had promised and true was the word of the apostles!"
#3998 The dead will rise as in a stupor, and they will be confused in the new conditions! They will gradually regain their memory and their personality. They will be reminded that Allah in His grace and mercy had already announced the Hereafter in their probationary lives, and the word of Allah's messengers, which then seemed so strange and remote, was true and was now being fulfilled!#
*** The concept of the 'Hereafter' being totally alien to the pagan Arabs was copied from Jewish and Christian Scriptures***
53>It will be no more than a single Blast when lo! they will all be brought up before Us!
#Time and Space, as we know them here, will be no more. The whole gathering will be as in the twinkling of an eye. Cf. xxxvi. 49 above.#
*** Similar to I Thessalonians 4:16 " For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the Archangel, and the trump of God; and the dead shall rise first.." ***
54>Then on that Day not a soul will be wronged in the least and ye shall but be repaid the meeds of your past Deeds.
55>Verily the Companions of the Garden shall that Day have joy in all that they do;
56>They and their associates will be in groves of (cool) shade reclining on thrones (of dignity);
57>(Every) fruit (enjoyment) will be there for them; they shall have whatever they call for;
58>"Peace! a Word (of salutation) from a Lord Most Merciful!
59>And O ye in sin! get ye apart this Day!
60> "Did I not enjoin on you O ye children of Adam that ye should not worship Satan; for that he was to you an enemy avowed?
#4006 Secondly, there is a gentle reproach to the wrong-doers, more in sorrow than in anger. They are addressed as "children of Adam", to emphasise two facts, (1) that they have disgraced their ancestry, for Adam after his Fall repented and was forgiven, and the high Destiny of mankind has been the prize open to all his descendants, and (2) that Allah Most Merciful has throughout the ages continued to warn mankind against the snares laid by Satan, the avowed enemy of man, and that Allah's Grace was ever on the watch to help all to freedom from those snares.#
*** Satan, the avowed enemy of man, was not known to Allah the god of pagan Arabia. He was not even known to the God of Israel who held Man alone responsible for his own deeds.
In the Torah, there was no entity called Satan which challenged God or was created by Him. Satan was the later creation by the Hebrew theologians to give 'substance' to all evil. Allah could not possibly have warned Adam about Satan***
61>"And that ye should worship Me (for that) this was the Straight Way?
62>"But he did lead astray a great multitude of you. Did ye not then understand?
63>"This is the Hell of which ye were (repeatedly) warned!
64>"Embrace ye the (Fire) this Day for that ye (persistently) rejected (Truth)."
65>That Day shall We set a seal on their mouths. But their hands will speak to Us and their feet bear witness to all that they did.
66>If it had been Our Will We could surely have blotted out their eyes; then should they have run about groping for the Path but how could they have seen?
67And if it had been Our Will We could have transformed them (to remain) in their places: then should they have been unable to move about nor could they have returned (after error).
68If We grant long life to any We cause him to be reversed in nature: will they not then understand?
69We have not instructed the (Prophet) in Poetry nor is it meet for Him: this is no less than a Message and a Qur'an making things clear:
70That it may give admonition to any (who are) alive and that the charge may be proved against those who reject (Truth).
71>See they not that it is We Who have created for them among the things which Our hands have fashioned cattle which are under their dominion?
72>And that We have subjected them to their (use)? Of them some do carry them and some they eat:
73>And they have (other) profits from them (besides) and they get (milk) to drink. Will they not then be grateful?
74>Yet they take (for worship) gods other than Allah (hoping) that they might be helped!
75They have not the power to help them: but they will be brought up (before Our Judgment-Seat) as a troop (to be condemned).
76Let not their speech then grieve thee. Verily We know what they hide as well as what they disclose.
77>Doth not man see that it is We Who created Him from sperm? Yet behold! He (stands forth) as an open adversary!
#4023 Man's disobedience and folly are all the more surprising, seeing that-apart from Allah's greatness and mercy-man is himself such a puny creature, created out of something that is less than a drop in the vast ocean of Existence. Yet man has the hardihood to stand out and dispute with his Maker, and institute idle comparisons as in the next verse!#
*** The translation of the word (Natfa) was deliberately falsified to mean (Sperm) instead of the actual (Semen).
The knowledge of the sperm was not known until over 1000 years later because of the microscope***
78>And he makes comparisons for us and forgets his own (Origin and) Creation: He says "Who can give life to (dry) bones and decomposed ones (at that)?"
79>Say "He will give them life Who created them for the first time! For He is well-versed in every kind of creation!
80>"The same Who produces for you fire out of the green tree when behold! Ye kindle therewith (your own fires)!
#4026 Even older and more primitive than the method of striking fire against steel and flint is the method of using twigs of trees for the purpose. In the E.B., 14th edition. ix. 262, will be found a picture of British Guiana boys making a fire by rotating a stick in a round hole in a piece of wood lying on the ground. The Arab method was to use a wooden instrument called the Zinad. It consisted of two pieces to be rubbed together. The upper one was called the 'Afar or Zand, and the lower the Markh. The markh is a twig from a kind of spreading tree, the Cynanchuin viminale, of which the branches are bare, without leaves or thorns. When they are tangled together, and a wind blows, they get ignited and strike fire (Lane's Arabic Lexicon). In modern Arabic Zand is by analogy applied to the flint pierce used for striking fire with steel.#
*** As usual, the interpreter has allowed his imagination to run wild and missed the point which I believe is the correct one. This verse is actually describing the burning bush - which was not burning - that Moses saw in the wilderness in
Exodus 3: " 2 And the angel of the Lord appeared to him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush; and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed.3. And Moses said, I will now turn aside, and see this great sight, why the bush is not burnt..."***
81>"Is not He Who created the heavens and the earth able to create the like thereof?" Yea indeed! for He is the Creator Supreme of skill and knowledge (infinite)!
82>Verily when He intends a thing His command is "Be" and it is!
83> So glory to Him in Whose hands is the dominion of all things; and to Him will ye be all brought back.