Al-Saffat (Those Ranged in Ranks) (37)- 182


1        By those who range themselves in ranks.

2        And so are strong in repelling (evil)

3        And thus proclaim the message (of Allah)!

4>        Verily verily your Allah is One!

5>        Lord of the heavens and of the earth and all between them and Lord of every point at the rising of the sun!

6>        We have indeed decked the lower heaven with beauty (in) the stars

7        (For beauty) and for guard against all obstinate rebellious evil spirits.

       *** Where is the logic in attributing to stars - INANIMATE objects - the ability to ward off the evil of spiritual ones?

       Since the stars are part and parcel of the heavens, what are they then protecting?

       If these verses are 'revelations' from a divine being, then they leave a lot to be
desired ***

8        (So) they should not strain their ears in the direction of the Exalted Assembly but be cast away from every side.

9        Repulsed for they are under a perpetual penalty.

10        Except such as snatch away something by stealth and they are pursued by a flaming fire of piercing brightness.

11>        Just ask their opinion: are they the more difficult to create or the (other) beings We have created? Them have We created out of a sticky clay!
                       
       #4040 "Their": "they" are the doubters, the evil ones, the deniers of Allah's grace and mercy, who laugh at Revelation and disbelieve in a Hereafter. Are they more important or more difficult to create than the wonderful variety of beings in Allah's spacious Creation? Do they forget their own lowly state, as having been created from muddy clay?#
       
       *** This Quranic version of creation is of course wrong, since Man/Adam was created from DUST and NOT CLAY.

        All the other creations were made by the WORD of God ***        
                                                       
12        Truly dost thou marvel while they ridicule

13>        And when they are admonished pay no heed

14>        And when they see a Sign turn it to mockery

15        And say "This is nothing but evident sorcery!

16>        "What! when we die and become dust and bones shall we (then) be raised up (again)?

       *** The pagan Arabs were of course without the concept of the Resurrection and hence, they rightly found Muhammad's proclamations ridiculous, laughable and
unacceptable ***

17>        "And also our fathers of old?"

18>        Say thou: "Yea and ye shall then be humiliated (on account of your evil)."

19        Then it will be a single (compelling) cry; and behold they will begin to see!

20>        They will say "Ah! woe to us! This is the Day of Judgement!"

21>        (A voice will say) "This is the Day of Sorting Out whose truth ye (once) denied!"

22>        -Bring ye up" it shall be said "The wrongdoers and their wives and the things they worshipped

23>        "Besides Allah and lead them to the Way to the (Fierce) Fire!

24        "But stop them for they must be asked:

25        " `What is the matter with you that ye help not each other?' "
                       
26>        Nay but that day they shall submit (to Judgment);

27        And they will turn to one another and question one another.

28        They will say: "It was ye who used to come to us from the right hand (of power and authority)!"

29        They will reply: "Nay ye yourselves had no faith!

30        "Nor had we any authority over you.  Nay it was ye who were a people in obstinate rebellion!

31        "So now has been proved true against us the Word of our Lord that we shall indeed (have to) taste (the punishment of our sins):

32        "We led you astray: for truly we were ourselves astray."
33>        Truly that day they will (all) share in the Penalty.

34>        Verily that is how We shall deal with Sinners.        

       *** All the above verses are a mockery after the fact. These humans, had been already been PRE-DESTINED by Allah to err, so what is the purpose of the inquisition?

       How is it possible that all these perverse verses reflect an image of a Merciful and Compassionate Allah? ***

35>        For they when they were told that there is no god except Allah would puff themselves up with Pride.

36        And say: "What! shall we give up our gods for the sake of a Poet possessed?"
       
       *** His own Quraysh tribe DISBELIEVED in him and his message. They, among the most illiterate upon earth, could tell that Muhammad was only plagiarizing, plundering, pirating and or perverting the scriptures, traditions and beliefs of others***

37>        Nay! He has come with the (very) Truth and he confirms (the Message of) the apostles (before Him).        
                                                       
38>        Ye shall indeed taste of the Grievous Penalty        
                                       
       *** At every step of Muhammad's confrontation with the Quraiysh, other pagan Arabs, Jews and Christians, it was only Allah, Muhammad's own

                               ALTER EGO

that came to his defense with convenient and timely 'revelations' extolling his 'virtues' while attacking all his enemies and calling them every nasty and derogatory name possible with the threats of eternal torture  and damnation in Allah's Hell***

39>        But it will be no more than the retribution of (the Evil) that ye have wrought

40>        But the sincere (and devoted) servants of Allah

41>        For them is a Sustenance Determined

42>        Fruits (Delights) and they (shall enjoy) honor and dignity.

43>        In Gardens of Felicity.

44>        Facing each other on Thrones (of dignity):

45        Round will be passed to them a Cup from a clear-flowing fountain

46        Crystal-white of a taste delicious to those who drink (thereof)

47        Free from headiness; nor will they suffer intoxication therefrom.

48        And beside them will be chaste women; restraining their glances with big eyes (of wonder and beauty).

       *** Muhammad's version of Paradise is entirely PHYSICAL.                
       
       A Paradise, wherein, the Muhammadan 'martyrs' receives eternal CARNAL, SENSUAL and SEXUAL pleasures.

       Muhammad's Paradise is the exact opposite of that of the Judeo-Christian traditions, which is the abode of the SPIRITS ***

49        As if they were (delicate) eggs closely guarded.

50        Then they will turn to one another and question one another.

51        One of them will start the talk and say: "I had an intimate companion (on the earth)

52        "Who used to say `What! art thou amongst those who bear witness to the truth (of the Message)?

53        " `When we die and become dust and bones shall we indeed receive rewards and punishments?' "

54        (A voice) said: "Would ye like to look down?"

55        He looked down and saw him in the midst of the Fire.

56        He said: "By Allah! thou wast little short of bringing me to perdition!

57        "Had it not been for the Grace of my Lord I should certainly have been among those brought (there)!

58        "Is it (the case) that we shall not die

59        "Except our first death and that we shall not be punished?"                                

       *** Muhammad seduced, beguiled and perverted his followers with the promises of unimaginable pleasures in his version of 'Paradise' when they die fighting for Allah
- but in reality for Muhammad's personal glory and goals.

       Pleasures that they could not possibly attain on earth short of plundering, dispossessing, despoiling and pirating the wealth of others***

60        Verily this is the supreme achievement!

61        For the like of this let all strive who wish to strive.

62        Is that the better entertainment or the Tree of Zaqqum?

       #4072        Cf. xvii. 60, n. 2250. This bitter tree of Hell is in contrast with the beautiful Garden of heaven with its delicious fruits.#

       *** Zaqqum may have been a venerated tree in pagan Arabia like so many others that they considered holy.

       What is most certain, is that they could not have associated it with Hell since they did not have this concept in their primitive animistic and astral religion.

       The interpreter's explanations of verses 62-68 are baseless and are entirely the creation of Muhammadan scholars ***

63        For We have truly made it (as) a trial for the wrongdoers.
       
64        For it is a tree that springs out of the bottom of Hell Fire:

65        The shoots of its fruit-stalks are like the heads of devils:

66        Truly they will eat thereof and fill their bellies therewith.
       
67        Then on top of that they will be given a mixture made of boiling water.

  68>        Then shall their return be to the (Blazing) Fire

       #4075        When they eat of the zaqqum in the lowest depths of hell, they are apparently brought up to drink of the mixture as a further punishment, after which they go back to repeat the round.#                        

       *** It is interesting to read the explanations of the interpreter reflecting the same pleasure, that Allah enjoys, while contemplating the innumerable forms of torture that his human creations are enduring, through no fault of theirs, since it was he, Allah after all, who  PRE-DESTINED them to their torment and suffering in the first place ***

69>        Truly they found their fathers on the wrong Path;

70>        So they (too) were rushed down on their footsteps!

71>        And truly before them many of the ancients went astray

72>        But We sent aforetime among them (apostles) to admonish them

73>        Then see what was the end of those who were admonished (but heeded not)

74>        Except the sincere (and devoted) servants of Allah.

75>        (In the days of old) Noah cried to Us and We are the Best to hear prayer.

       *** The story of Noah  is of course copied from the Bible and  Jewish traditions, since it was not known to Muhammad or the pagan Arabs before the Quranic
'revelations' ***

76>        And We delivered him and his people from the Great Calamity.

77>        And made his progeny to endure (on this earth);

78>        And We left (this blessing) for him among generations to come in later times:

79>        "Peace and salutation to Noah among the nations!"

80>        Thus indeed do We reward those who do right.
                                       
       *** This is an oxymoronic statement since "those who do right" do not do so through their FREE WILL, but by Allah's PRE-DESTINATION***

81>        For he was one of Our believing Servants.

82>        Then the rest We overwhelmed in the Flood.

83>        Verily among those who followed his Way was Abraham.

84>        Behold He approached his Lord with a sound heart.

85>        Behold he said to his father and to his people "What is that which ye worship?

86>        "Is it a Falsehood gods other than Allah that ye desire?

87>        "Then what is your idea about the Lord of the Worlds?"

88        Then did he cast a glance at the stars.

89        And he said "I am indeed sick (at heart)!"

90        So they turned away from him and departed.

91>        Then did he turn to their gods and said "Will ye not eat (of the offerings before you)?...

92>"What is the matter with you that ye speak not (intelligently)?"

93>        Then did he turn upon them striking (them) with the right hand.

94>        Then came (the worshippers) with hurried steps and faced (him).

95>        He said: "Worship ye that which ye have (yourselves) carved?

96>        "But Allah has created you and your handiwork!"

97>        They said: "Build him a furnace and throw him into the blazing fire!"        

               # 4093        The argument of Abraham was so sound that it could not be met by argument. In such cases Evil resorts to violence, or secret plotting. Here there was both violence and secret plotting. The violence consisted in throwing him into a blazing Furnace. But by the mercy of Allah the fire did not harm him (xxi. 69), and so they resorted to plotting. But the plotting, as the next verse (xxxvii. 98) shows, was a boomerang that recoiled on their own heads#
                                               
       *** Yet again, this version of events that the Quran alludes to, is not found in the Bible BUT in Jewish tradtions which Muhammad used adding his own spin to the story. (Ginsberg's Legends of the Jews Vol.I, p 201) ***

98>        (This failing) they then sought a stratagem against him but We made them the ones most humiliated!

99>          He said: "I will go to my Lord! He will surely guide me!

       #4095        This was the Hijrat of Abraham. He left his people and his land, because the Truth was dearer to him than the ancestral falsehoods of his people. He trusted himself to Allah, and under Allah's guidance he laid the foundations of great peoples. See n. 2725 to xxi. 69.#                                                

       *** Muhammad in his Quran, acquired and arrogated attributes to himself, similar to those of the previous prophets of Israel in the Bible, by creating and INVENTING similarities between his life-events and those of the leaders of Israel.

       For example, Muhammad created a similitude to that of Abraham, as he and his followers  compare Abraham's departure from Haran with his own stealthy escape from Mecca; thus creating in the mind of his followers an event equal in importance and in holiness ***

100>        "O my Lord! grant me a righteous (son)!"

101>        So We gave him the good news of a boy ready to suffer and forbear.

       #4096        This was in the fertile land of Syria and Palestine. The boy thus born was, according to Muslim tradition, the first-born son of Abraham, viz., Isma'il. The name itself is from the root Samia, to hear, because Allah had heard Abraham's prayer (verse 100). Abraham's age when Isma'il was born was 86 (Gen xvi. 16). 4097        The boy's character was to be Halim, "forbearing". This title is also applied to Abraham (in ix. 114 and xi. 75). It refers to the patient way in which both father and son cheerfully offered to suffer any self-sacrifice in order to obey the Command of Allah. See next verse#                                

       *** The interpreter of the Quran uses the deceptive and DECEITFUL MANTRA,
'the Muslim tradition', to fool the ignorant about the subjects at hand.

       First of all, the so called Muhammadan tradition came about 2500 years AFTER the Biblical events that they assert belong to them.

       Second, there are no records in the history or poetry of the Arabs that such 'traditions' existed BEFORE Muhammad's Quran.

       Third,Ismail was not his name because the Hebrew name was Ishma-El, which means God Heard, NOT Abraham's pleadings but Hagar's cries for help.

       Even when the interpreter knows the facts, he deliberately perverts and falsifies them to fit the agenda of the Quran.

       Fourth, these 'traditions' came about, AFTER the death of Muhammad and the conquest and subjugation of millions of peoples under the yoke of 'Islam'.

       These 'traditions' were honed and elaborated over a period of at least 300 years to suit the agenda of the new CULT of MUHAMMAD by arrogating to themselves myths and lies and turning them into 'truths'.

       Fifth, Ishmael's birth was NOT miraculous because Hagar was a very young and fertile woman.

        Isaac's birth on the other hand was miraculous because his mother, Sarah was 90 years old when she gave him birth.

       Hence "So We gave him the good news of a boy---" can only apply to Isaac and NOT Ishmael. [Identical to 37:112].

       Sixth, and most important of all, is that the name of Ishmael/Ismail is NOT mentioned in this verse to identify him, unlike the case in the following verses wherein, the name of Isaac is clealy and explicitly mentioned (37:113).

        In fact, Ishmael's name is not mentioned in the whole of this Sura. How is this omission possible, if Ismail was so important in the 'traditions of Islam' while the name of Isaac is mentioned TWICE, CONSECUTIVELY in verses 113 & 114.

       The Quranic version of the Biblical events is contradictory and contrary to the stories as depicted in the Bible.

                       Both cannot possibly true.

       It is up to the followers of Muhammad to prove the veracity of their stories based on records and not on wishful thinking ***

102>        Then when (the son) reached (the age of) (serious) work with him he said: "O my son! I see in vision [al Manam] that I offer thee in sacrifice: now see what is thy view!" (The son) said: "O my father! do as thou art commanded: thou will find me if Allah so wills one practicing Patience and Constancy!"

       #4098        Where did this vision occur? The Muslim view is that it was in or near Makkah. Some would identify it with the valley of Mina, six miles north of Makkah, where a commemoration sacrifice is annually celebrated as a rite of the Hajj on the tenth of Zul-Hijjah, the 'Id of Sacrifice, in Memory of this Sacrifice of Abraham and Isma'il (see' n.2l7 to ii. 197). Others say that the original place of sacrifice was near the hill of Marwa (the companion hill to Safa, ii. 158), which is associated with the infancy of Isma'il. 4099 At what stage in Abraham's history did this occur? See n. 2725 to xxi. 69. It was obviously after his arrival in the land of Cannan and after Isma'il had grown up to years of discretion. Was it before or after the building of the Ka'ba (ii. 127)? There are no data on which this question can be answered. But we may suppose it was before that event, and that event may itself have been commemorative.#

       *** First and foremost, Abraham was describing a VISION, a DREAM, and only a DREAM and NOT an ACTUAL PHYSICAL event.

       The interpreter's conjecture of  '...The Muslim view....", as well as any so called 'Muslim tradition', are totally irrelevant to the narratives of the Bible, since it is an unalterable fact, that the only ORIGINAL records in existence relating to the stories of Abraham, Ishmael and Isaac are found in the Torah, which is God's revelation to the Israelites.

       This divine revelation - which has already been in existence orally and in writing for almost 2500 years BEFORE the Quran - is also accepted by the Christians and vouched for as DIVINE & UNALTERABLE REVELATIONS in the Quran itself.

       The Quran, in verse after verse, in different Surahs, accepts as DIVINE & TRUE the revelations to Moses and Jesus, but non the less, relates a completely different and incompatible version of these stories.

        It is a version, which is totally lacking of the drama, details and sensitivity of the Biblical original, because the Quran is only attempting to provide a message, a parable, to the pagan Arabs and is not interested in veracity or historicity.

       Neither Allah - if Allah is the same as the God of Israel - nor the Angel Gabriel would have deliberately falsified their own PREVIOUS messages and revelations.

       After all, the Biblical narrative is extremely clear and unambiguous in its meaning and content.

       Why then would the Quran give a totally altered script (verses 102-109)? The fact is, that the version in the Quran is a perverted and contorted copy from the Talmud and Midrash as found in the 'Akedah' (Ginsburg's Legends of the Jews Vol. I, p279) where in the above dialogue is between Abraham and Isaac BUT NOT Ishmael.        

       Most important of all, the verse itself and the whole Surah, never explicitly mention Ishmael as the one being sacrificed.

       It is only by forced implication and willful contortion of logic that the Muhammadan interpreters make it so.

       The answer is of course self-evident when one understands the Quran's agenda.

       Since the Jews already had a worthy ancestry in Isaac, Muhammad had to give the Arabs just as a noble and a holy one; Ishmael had to be made their 'father'. Hence to glorify Ishmael/Ismail - and themselves - even further, he had to be made the one being offered in sacrifice instead of Isaac.

       The only way any interpreter of the Quran could justify such a change, is by alleging that this particular story is one among others, that the Jews and Christians had deliberately 'corrupted'.

       The next questions would be is "Why would they corrupt this particular story?

       When?

       What for?"

and one should await the answer from any Muhammadan scholar. It should be a worthwhile wait.  

       It is extremely important to point out, that before the Quranic 'revlations', the Pagan Arabs had no tradition or knowledge whatsoever, whether recorded or oral, of their alleged relationship to either Abraham or Ishmael, since even the Quran asserts that before it, they were totally ignorant of previous revelations.         
                        
         The Biblical version is crystal clear:

Genesis 22: "2 And he said, Take now your son, your only son Isaac, whom you love, and go to the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell you……9. And they came to the place which God had told him; and Abraham built an altar there, and laid the wood in order, and bound Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar upon the wood.10. And Abraham stretched out his hand, and took the knife to slay his son…" 

       The Biblical original, makes it very clear, that Abraham was not undergoing a vision, but was consciously obeying a divine command, concerning his son Isaac - from his wife Sarah - and NOT his son Ishmael - from his concubine, Hagar.

       Most important of all, no where in the Torah is there any mention of the Ka'ba, Mecca, Arabia or the Arabs***

103>        So when they had both submitted their wills (to Allah) and He had laid Him prostrate on his forehead (for sacrifice)

       #4100        Note that the sacrifice was demanded of both Abraham and Isma'il. It was a trial of the will of the father and the son. By way of trial the father had the command conveyed to him in a vision. He consulted the son. The son readily consented, and offered to stand true to his promise if his self-sacrifice was really required. The whole thing is symbolical. Allah does not require the flesh and blood of animals (xxii. 37), much less of human beings. But he does require the giving of our whole being to Allah, the symbol of which is that we should give up something very dear to us, if Duty requires that sacrifice. 4101        Our version may be compared with the Jewish-Christian version of the present Old Testament. The Jewish tradition, in order to glorify the younger branch of the family, descended from Isaac, ancestor of the Jews, as against the elder branch, descended from Isma'il, ancestor of the Arabs, refers this sacrifice to Isaac (Gen. xxii. 1-18). Now Isaac was born when Abraham was 100 years old (Gen. xxi. 5), while Isma'il was born to Abraham when Abraham was 86 years old (Gen. xvi. 16). Isma'il was therefore 14 years older than Isaac. During his first 14 years Isma'il was the only son of Abraham; at no time was Isaac the only son of Abraham. Yet, in speaking of the sacrifice, the Old Testament says (Gen. xxii. 2): "And He said, Take now thy son, thine only son Issac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah: and offer him there for a burnt offering..." This slip shows at any rate which was the older version, and how it was overlaid, like the present Jewish records, in the interests of a tribal religion. The "land of Moriah" is not clear: it was three days' journey from Abraham's place (Gen. xxii. 4). There is less warrant for identifying it with the hill of Moriah on which Jerusalem was afterwards built than with the hill of Marwa which is identified with the Arab tradition about Isma'il.#

       *** The reader should be REMINDED, that ALL of this EVENT is taking place only in a DREAM; while in the Biblical ORIGINAL, it was a PHYSICAL and REAL event.

       The ultimate compliment in any situation is in being emulated and copied.

       Both the Quran and its interpreter try to glorify themselves, by doing their best in finding an ancestral relationship with the Hebrew, Abraham. They SHAMELESSLY contort, twist and pervert documented history and traditions to achieve this goal.
       
       The interpreter accuses the Jews and Christians of having deliberately 'corrupted' their Books so as to deny the Arabs their place of glory.

       These accusations are obviously ACTS of INTELLECTUAL and MORAL DESPERATION and are not based upon any documented facts and truths, but to explain away the totally incoherent and unsubstantiated stories in the Quran compared to their originals in the Bible.
       
       For the Muhammadan believer, it would be inconceivable to concede, that the Quran, which is allegedly the word of Allah, could be WRONG.

       Hence, they have no choice but to come to their incredibly simplistic but totally unfounded and indemonstrable conclusion: that it is the Biblical version of events that are false.

       Since the Quran only appeared on the historical scene circa 610-632, almost 2100 years after the Biblical reports, then logically, the 'corruptions' had to have been made, either before or after that date, to deprive the Arabs of their alleged ancient and sublime ancestry.

       If, on the one hand, the corruptions occurred before the Quran came into being, then the Jews and Christians would have had to combine their efforts, shed their differences and edit all their theological books - as well as their oral traditions - pre-emptively and in anticipation of the arrival of Muhammad.

       If, on the other hand, these corruptions were made after the Quran, again one's logic has to be stretched to incredible degrees, to accommodate such a stupendous endeavour between two very hostile theological and racial groups, scattered all over the globe,  just to deny Muhammad and the Arabs their 'rightful' heritage.

        When, where and how were they able to achieve such a gigantic and stupendous editing effort, should be made clear by the Muhammadan accusers themselves.

       No Muhammadan on the face of the Earth, past, present  or in the future, can provide an answer to this, since none can ever be found.

       Once more, as the English saying goes,

        " The proof of the pudding is in eating it"

       The burden of proof is with the Muhammadans who, by attempting to deceive humanity have the unenviable task of extricating themselves from their lies ***

104>        We called out to him "O Abraham!

       #4102        In the Biblical version Isaac's consent is not taken; in fact Isaac asks, 'where is the lamb for sacrifice?' and is told that 'God would provide it'. It is a complete human sacrifice like those to Moloch. In our version it is as much a sacrifice by the will of Isma'il as by that of Abraham.#                                        

       *** The same interpreter of the Quran, who repeatedly but falsely alleges, that the Biblical versions are corrupted, has none the less, the audacity and incredible two faced hypocrisy, of quoting from it, chapter and verse, whenever it suits his purposes.

       Can any follower of Muhammad identify the Biblical verses that have allegedly been corrupted?

       To do so, he/she has to show the ORIGINAL BOOK from which they are quoting ***

105>        "Thou hast already fulfilled the vision [al rouaiya/dream] !" thus indeed do We reward those who do right.                                                                                        
       *** It is clear from this confirming verse, that Abraham had a DREAM - which he believed came from Allah and was acting on it accordingly - although Allah, did not give him the dream nor did he command him to sacrifice anyone, which state of events are totally contradicted by the ORIGINAL and ONLY version of the story, the Torah ***

106>        For this was obviously a trial

107>        And We ransomed him with a momentous sacrifice:
       
108>        And We left (this blessing) for him among generations (to come) in later times:

109        > "Peace and salutation to Abraham!"

110>        Thus indeed do We reward those who do right.

111>        For he was one of Our believing Servants.

112>        And We gave him the good news of Isaac a prophet one of the Righteous.        

       #4105        Isaac was Abraham's second son, born of Sarah, when Abraham was 100 years of age. See n. 4101. He was also blessed and became the ancestor of the Jewish people. See next note#

       *** Ishmael's birth was NOT miraculous because Hagar was a young and fertile woman.

        Isaac's birth on the other hand was miraculous because his mother, Sarah was 90 yers old when she gave him birth. Hence "So We gave him the good news of Isaac/a boy---" can only apply to Isaac and not Ishmael.

       Considering the fact that the pagan Arabs, before the Quran, had absolutely no idea of the contents of the Bible, nor of their alleged relationship to Ishmael and Abraham, it is magnanimous from the Muhammadan interpreter to give a compliment to Isaac and his decendants.

       What is most relevant of all, in this verse, is the fact that Isaac is clearly identified by name where as, the alleged 'father' of the Arabs, Ishmael, is not once mentioned in the whole of this Sura***

113        > We blessed him and Isaac: but of their progeny are (some) that do right and (some) that obviously do wrong to their own souls.

       #4106 So long as the Children of Israel upheld the righteous banner of Allah, they enjoyed Allah's blessing, and their history is a portion of sacred history. When they fell from grace, they did not stop Allah's Plan: they injured their own souls#        
                         
       *** The Muhammadans argue that the story of the proposed sacrifice precedes the statement,

"And we gave him the good news of Isaac - a prophet, - one of the Righteous. We blessed him and Isaac" (Surah 37.112-113).

       It is argued that the preceding narrative must therefore refer to another son of Abraham, obviously Ishmael.

       This type of argument is totally irrelevant in the context of the Quran, since there is nothing historically or logically SEQUENTIAL anywhere in the Quran. In fact, the Quranic Suras themselves, as well as their verses, are not recorded in the sequence of their alleged 'revelations'. Hence, it is not inconceivable that the verses of this Sura are also jumbled up and not sequential.

       What is more relevant, on the other hand, is the very mention of Isaac at this crucial point by name, which throws all the more confusion on the section that precedes it.

       It is hard to believe, that it refers to Ishmael when Isaac is promptly mentioned twice by name in the very next verses that follow it. In fact, there are remarkable similarities between the passage on the command to sacrifice and the mention of Isaac by name in the following verses.        
                                                                       
       Firstly we read, for instance, that the son to be sacrificed was promised to Abraham:

37.101 "Fa-bashsharnahu bi-ghulaamin halim/ We announced to him an upright boy"

and we read further, that Isaac was specifically promised to him by name:

37.112 "Fa-bashsharnuahu bi-Ishaq/ We announced to him Isaac"

       No-where in the Quran, is it ever similarly stated that Ishmael was promised to Abraham.        
               
       Secondly, there is a clear symmetry between these words:

37.103 "Falamma aslama/ when he had submitted" 

and

37.113 "Wa barakna a'layhi wa a'la Ishaq/ And we blessed him and Isaac" 

       As Abraham and Isaac had both fully submitted themselves to Allah's will that the father should sacrifice the son, it was only reasonable, that Allah's blessings should come upon them both.                

       It is also very significant from the grammatical point of view, that there is no word in the text, such as thumma ("then"), between the story of the sacrifice and the mention of Isaac to distinguish the two or give them a different time period.

       The Muhammadan argument that Ishmael must have been the sacrificial son because the story of the sacrifice precedes the mention of Isaac is shown to be highly vulnerable upon closer analysis.

        Certainly, the complete omission of Ishmael's name in the whole Sura
- and especially 37:101- considerably undermines the dogmatic Muhammadan claim, that he was the son who was commanded to be sacrificed ***

114>Again (of old) We bestowed Our favor on Moses and Aaron.                

       *** The favour was bestowed only on Moses since he was the only one who directly received the 'Law'. This is a repeat of the similarly erroneous 21:48 ***

115>        And We delivered them and their people from (their) Great Calamity;

116>        And We helped them so they overcame (their troubles);

117>        And We gave them the Book which helps to make things clear;
118>        And We guided them to the Straight Way.

119>        And We left (this blessing) for them among generations (to come) in later times:

120>        "Peace and salutation to Moses and Aaron!"

121>        Thus indeed do We reward those who do right.

122>        For they were two of Our believing Servants.

123>        So also was Elias among those sent (by us).

       #4112        See n. 905 to vi. 85. Elias is the same as Elijah, whose story will be found in the Old Testament in I Kings xvii-xix. and 2 Kings i-ii. Elijah lived in the reign of Ahab (B.C. 896-874) and Ahaziah (B.C. 874-872), kings of the (northern) kingdom of Israel or Samaria. He was a prophet of the desert, like John the Baptist,-unlike our holy Prophet, who took part in, controlled, and guided all the affairs of his people. Both Ahab and Azariah were prone to lapse into the worship of Baal, the sun-god worshipped in Syria. That worship also included the worship of nature-powers and procreative powers, as in the Hindu worship of the Lingam, and led to many abuses. King Ahab had married a princess of Sidon, Jezebel, a wicked woman who led her husband to forsake Allah and adopt Baal-worship. Elijah denounced all Ahab's sins as well as the sins of Ahaziah and had to flee for his life. Eventually, according to the Old Testament (2 Kings, ii-11) he was taken up in a whirlwind to heaven in a chariot of fire after he had left his mantle with Elisha the prophet.#

       *** As many times as the interpreter attempts to explain the otherwise incomprehensible Quranic verses, the reader has to be repeatedly reminded, that the interpreter is using the allegedly 'corrupted' Bible to do so.

       Every Biblical name mentioned in the Quran was not known to either Muhammad or the pagan Arabs before the alleged Quranic 'revelations'***

124>        Behold he said to his people "Will ye not fear (Allah)?

125>        "Will ye call upon Baal and forsake the Best of Creators

       *** Baal, was the god of the Canaanites and was not known to either Muhammad or the pagan Arabs. Muhammad copied this also, from the Torah***

126>        "Allah your Lord and Cherisher and the Lord and Cherisher of your fathers of old?"

127>        But they rejected him and they will certainly be called up (for punishment)

128>        Except the sincere and devoted Servants of Allah (among them).

129>        And We left (this blessing) for him among generations (to come) in later times:

130>        "Peace and salutation to such as Elias!"        

131>        Thus indeed do We reward those who do right.

132>        For He was one of Our believing Servants.

133>        So also was Lut among those sent (by us).
       
134>        Behold We delivered him and his adherents all

135>        Except an old woman who was among those who lagged behind:

136>        Then We destroyed the rest.

137>        Verily ye pass by their (sites) by day

138>        And by night: will ye not understand?

139        >So also was Jonah among those sent (by us).

       #4119        For illustrative passages, see xxi. 87-88, n. 2744, and lxviii. 48-50. Jonah's mission was to the city of Nineveh, then steeped in wickedness. He was rejected and he denounced Allah's wrath on them, but they repented and obtained Allah's forgiveness. But Jonah "departed in wrath" (xxi. 87), forgetting that Allah has Mercy as well as forgiveness. See the notes following. Cf. X. 98, n. 1478.#

       *** The story of Jonah is of course from Jewish Scriptures and the name itself is NOT Arabic but Syriac. In this Quranic version, it has some similarities to the Torah original plus Muhammad's own embellishment***

140>        When he ran away (like slave from captivity) to the ship (fully) laden

141>        He (agreed to) cast lots and he was condemned:

142>        Then the big Fish did swallow him and he had done acts worthy of blame.

143>        Had it not been that he (repented and) glorified Allah

144>        He would certainly have remained inside the Fish till the Day of Resurrection.

145>        But We cast him forth on the naked shore in a state of sickness

146>        And We caused to grow over him a spreading plant of the Gourd kind

147>        And We sent him (on a mission) to a hundred thousand (men) or more.

148>        And they believed; so We permitted them to enjoy (their life) for a while.
               
       *** It should be pointed out that of all the Later Prophets in the Jewish traditions, only Jonah is given pride of place.

       Unfortunately, the Quranic version - as shown repeatedly in almost every one of its plagiarized stories - is bereft of any background and detailed information and without external features.

       In a few awkward and difficult to understand verses, the Hebrew original is condensed, leaving the story without a soul, without a scene and without action. It is made from the often repeated polemical verses - ad nauseum - that fill the Quran***

149>        Now ask them their opinion: is it that thy Lord has (only) daughters and they have sons?        
                                                               
       #4129        We begin a new argument here. The Pagan Arabs called angels daughters of Allah. They themselves were ashamed of having daughters, and preferred to have sons, to add to their power and dignity. See xvi. 57-59, and n. 2082. Yet they invented daughters for Allah!#                                        

       *** The history of the Arabs shows that Allah was the god of Pagan Arabia par excellence, long before Muhammad and his 'revelations'.

       In the theology of the pagan Arabs, Allah had THREE DAUGHTERS: al Uzza, al Lat & al Manat. The fact that these deities were female has absolutely no relevance as to why pagan Arabs preferred - for obvious cultural and survival reasons - male offspring than female ones. Similar references to this subject are also found in : 43:16; 52:39 and 53:21.

       These goddesses/angels were the same ones that Muhammad - in a moment of weakness trying to bring his Quraiysh tribe to 'Islam'- declared them as intercessors with Allah and thus compromising his MONOTHEISM as confirmed in the story of the SATANIC VERSES ***

150>        Or that We created the angels female and they are witnesses (thereto)?

151>        Is it not that they say from their own invention

152>        "Allah has begotten children"? But they are liars!

153>        Did He (then) choose daughters rather than sons?

154>        What is the matter with you? How judge ye?

155>        Will ye not then receive admonition?

156>        Or have ye an authority manifest?

157>        Then bring ye your Book (of authority) if ye be truthful!

158        And they have invented a blood-relationship between Him and the Jinns: but the Jinns know (quite well) that they have indeed to appear (before His judgment-seat)!

159        Glory to Allah! (He is free) from the things they ascribe (to Him)!

160        Not (so do) the servants of Allah sincere and devoted.

161        For verily neither ye nor those ye worship

162        Can lead (any) into temptation concerning Allah

163        Except such as are (themselves) going to the blazing Fire!

164        (Those ranged in ranks say): "Not one of us but has a place appointed

165        "And we are verily ranged in ranks (for service):

166>        "And we are verily those who declare (Allah's) glory!"

167        And there were those who said

37:168> "If only we had had before us a message from those of old.

169        "We should certainly have been servants of Allah sincere (and devoted)!"

170        But (now that the Qur'an has come) they reject it: but soon will they know!

171>        Already has Our Word been passed before (this) to Our Servants sent (by Us)

172        That they would certainly be assisted

173        And that Our forces they surely must conquer.
174        So turn thou away from them for a little while

175        And watch them (how they fare) and they soon shall see (how thou farest)!

176        Do they wish (indeed) to hurry on Our Punishment?

177        But when it descends into the open space before them evil will be the morning for those who were warned (and heeded not)!

178        So turn thou away from them for a little while

179        And watch (how they fare) and they soon shall see (how thou farest)!

180>        Glory to thy Lord the Lord of Honor and Power! (He is free) from what they ascribe (to Him)!

181>        And Peace on the Apostles!

182>        And praise to Allah the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds.