2A Book revealed unto thee so let thy heart be oppressed no more by any difficulty on that account that with it thou mightest warn (the erring) and teach the believers.
*** This verse is incorrect since the Quran was never in book form during the lifetime of Muhammad***
3Follow (O men!) the revelation given unto you from your Lord and follow not as friends or protectors other than Him. Little it is ye remember of admonition.
4>How many towns have We destroyed (for their sins)? Our punishment took them on a sudden by night or while they slept for their afternoon rest.
*** What manner of a merciful and compassionate god would bring death and destruction on unsuspecting humans while they are asleep and gloat over it?
Misleading and bringing death and destruction upon humans is supposed to be the function of Satan and not of Allah***
5When (thus) our punishment took them no cry did they utter but this "indeed we did wrong."
*** Yet one more verse with self and instantaneous contradiction since if they died all of a sudden, without uttering a cry, then how could they have said anything,especially an intelligible sentence?***
6Then shall We question those to whom Our message was sent and those by whom We sent it.
7And verily We shall recount their whole story with knowledge for We were never absent (at any time or place).
8>The balance that day will be true (to a nicety): those whose scale (of good) will be heavy will prosper.
*** The concepts of the Balance, Scales, Judgement day etc are all plagiarised from the traditions of the Jews, Christians & Zoroasterians.
The pagan Arabs had a very simple and primitive structure of religion non of which contained the above ideas***
9>Those whose scale will be light will find their souls in perdition for that they wrongfully treated our signs.
10>It is We who have placed you with authority on earth and provided you therein with means for the fulfillment of your life: small are the thanks that ye give!
11> It is We who created you and gave you shape; then We bade the angels bow down to Adam and they bowed down; not so Iblis; he refused to be of those who bow down.
# It was after Adam (as standing for all mankind) had been so taught that the angels were asked to prostrate to him, for, by Allah's grace, his status had actually been raised higher. Note the transition from "you" (plural) in the first clause to "Adam" in the second clause: Adam and mankind are synonymous: the plural is reverted to in vii. 14, 16-18. 997 Iblis not only refused to bow down: he refused to be of those who prostrated. In other words he arrogantly despised the angels who prostrated as well as man to whom they prostrated and he was in rebellion against Allah for not obeying His order. Arrogance, jealousy, and rebellion were his triple crime#
*** the interpreter has very deliberately omitted to inform the reader that the above story was pirated from Hebrew scriptures and altered by Muhammad to suit his audience especially since the pagan Arabs had no knowledge of the Biblical story of creation***
12> (Allah) said: "what prevented thee from bowing down when I commanded thee?" He said: "I am better than he: thou didst create me from fire and him from clay."
# Notice the subtle wiles of Iblis: his egotism in putting himself above man, and his falsehood in ignoring the fact that Allah had not merely made man's body from clay, but had given him spiritual form,-in other words, had taught him the nature of things and raised him above the angels#
*** The interpretations of verses 11 to 19 are derived, pirated and altered from Jewish folklore - Legends Vol I:49/79 - and are definitely not original Quranic 'revelations'***
13> (Allah) said: "Get thee down from this: it is not for thee to be arrogant here: get out for thou art of the meanest (of creatures)."
# The incident marks the externment of Iblis from the Garden owing to his rebelliousness born of arrogance#
*** Another contradiction between the Quran and the Bible is that in the latter, Adam was EXPELLED from the garden of Eden which was on Earth and not 'thrown down' as if from Heaven to Earth.
Yet again, the angel Gabriel is misleading or perverting the original version in the Torah, the word of God, preserved on Tablets in Heaven.
It is inconceivable that BOTH contardictory versions of the same events, the Torah and the Quran can be true.
Since the Torah, as the original word of God, preceded the Quran by at least 2100 years, it is up to the reader to decide who is telling the truth and who is lying ***
14>He said: "give me respite till the day they are raised up."
15(Allah) said: "be thou among those who have respite."
# Are there others under respite? Yes, Iblis has a large army of wicked seducers, and those men who are their dupes. For though degradation takes effect at once, its appearance may be long delayed#
*** In the whole of the Torah, there is no mention of any rivals to God whether created or uncreated.
Only the Quran depicts such 'creatures' with intelligent faculties, with tribes, armies and leaders based upon post Biblical traditions from the Jews and Christians***
16>He said: "because Thou hast thrown me out of the way lo! I will lie in wait for them on Thy straight way.
#1001 Another instance of Iblis's subtlety and falsehood. He waits till he gets the respite. Then he breaks out into a lie and impertinent defiance. The lie is in suggesting that Allah had thrown him out of the Way, in other words misled him: whereas his own conduct was responsible for his degradation. The defiance is in his setting snares on the Straight Way to which Allah directs men#
*** The concept of Iblis (originally from the Greek Diabolos/Devil) was not known in the primitive religion of the pagan Arabs until Muhammad mentioned it in his Quran***
17> Then will I assault them from before them and behind them from their right and their left: nor wilt Thou find in most of them gratitude (for Thy mercies).
#1002 The assault of evil is from all sides. It takes advantage of every weak point, and sometimes even our good and generous sympathies are used to decoy us into the snares of evil. Man has every reason to be grateful to Allah for all His loving care and yet man in his folly forgets his gratitude and does the very opposite of what he should do.#
*** No where in the Torah is there a concept of an evil entity defying God. These ideas perculated into the traditions of the Jews and Christians much later in history and have no foundation in the Pentatuch (Five Books of Moses)***
18> Allah) said: "Get out from this disgraced and expelled. If any of them follow thee hell will I fill with you all.
*** The above verses 7:11-18 were copied from the Midrash (Rabbinical stories and Legends of the Jews) and are not new revelations as the Quran would make one believe ***
19> O Adam! dwell thou and thy wife in the garden and enjoy (its good things) as ye wish: but approach not this tree or ye run into harm and transgression."
#1003 Now the story turns to man. He was placed in the Garden of comfort and bliss, but it was Allah's Plan to give him a limited faculty of choice. All that he was forbidden to do was to approach the Tree, but he succumbed to Satan's suggestions#
*** No where in the whole Torah is there a concept of Satan, becausein theTorah
- unlike in the Quran - Mankind has FREE WILL and hence is able to make choices and bare the responsibility for its actions.
In the case of the Muhammadan Islam, they believe that it is only Allah who pre-destines humanity thus depriving themof any FREE WILL.
Thus, Muhammadan Muslims have a convenient and eternal SCAPEGOAT called SATAN upon whom they blame ALL their failures and misdeeds thus enabling them NEVER to take any responsibility for their actions ***
20 Then began Satan to whisper suggestions to them bringing openly before their minds all their shame that was hidden from them (before): he said "Your Lord only forbade you this tree lest ye should become angels or such beings as live for ever."
# The transition from the name "Iblis" to the name "Satan" is similar to that in ii. 36, where it is explained in n. 52. 1006 Our first parents as created by Allah (and this applies to all of us) were innocent in matters material as well as spiritual. They knew no evil. But the faculty of choice, which was given to them and which raised them above the angels, also implied that they had the capacity of evil, which by the training of their own will, they were to reject. They were warned of the danger. When they fell, they realised the evil. They were (and we are) still given the chance, in this life on a lower plane, to make good and recover the lost status of innocence and bliss#
*** As usual, the interpreter, either out of ignorance or deliberately, explains the verse wrongly.
Adam and Evewere not prohibited from the tree of Life but from the tree of Knowledge. (Eve is never mentioned in the Quran)
Genesis 2: "16. And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat;17. But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, you shall not eat of it; for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die".
Furthermore, the verse is also misleading by alleging that Satan was deceiving both Adam and Eve where in the Bible, it was Eve alone who was being deceived by the serpent(NOT Satan).
The verse is also wrong in alleging that Satan was luring Adam and Eve with the promise of immortality since while they were in the Garden, they would have been immortal had they not sinned.
Iblis/Satan is also used to replace the serpent that is actually recorded in the Bible
Genesis 3: "1. Now the serpent was more subtle than any beast of the field which the Lord God had made. And he said to the woman, Has God said, you shall not eat of every tree of the garden?2. And the woman said to the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden;3. But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God has said, you shall not eat of it, nor shall you touch it, lest you die.4. And the serpent said to the woman, surely you shall not die;5. For God knows that in the day you eat of it, then your eyes shall be opened, and you shall be as gods, knowing good and evil"
It must be repeated again, that before the Quranic'revelations',pagan Arabians had no concept or knowledge of Satan.
Satan was the intellectual creation of the Rabbis to explain evil deeds and thoughts and is not found as an 'entity' created by God in the Biblical narrative. Muhammad copied and imbellished this concept from the Jews and the Christians who surrounded him in Arabia and incorporated it in his Quran ***
21>And he swore to them both that he was their sincere adviser.
*** Invariably, the Quranic version is again different from the Biblical since the serpent approached only Eve and not Adam.
The same question must be asked from the reader repeatedly: Since the Torah is the word of Allah as attested to in the Quran, then how can any one explain how the versions of the same stories are incompatible with each other?
How could the Almighty - if Allah is - give TWO conflicting if not dissimilar 'revelations' of the same events?
Both the Bible AND the Quran cannot then be true.
The reader has to decide for itself what the answer is***
22>So by deceit he brought about their fall: when they tasted of the tree their shame became manifest to them and they began to sew together the leaves of the garden over their bodies. And their Lord called unto them: "Did I not forbid you that tree and tell you that Satan was an avowed enemy unto you?"
*** God forbade them from the tree but did not warn them about the serpent or especially Satan.
Once more I have to repeat that the concept of Satan as an entity of evil and a creation of God is not mentioned anywhere in the Torah.
Once more, the Quran is 'reciting' in hindsight from Rabbinical 'traditions' as described in Legends of the Jews. This verse contradicts 7: 27 ***
23They said: "our Lord! we have wronged our own souls: if Thou forgive us not and bestow not upon us Thy mercy we shall certainly be lost."
24>(Allah) said: "Get ye down with enmity between yourselves. On earth will be your dwelling-place and your means of livelihood for a time."
*** This is another misquotation by the Quran since in the Bible, God did not foretell Adam and Eve of enmity between themselves but between them and the serpent.
Genesis 3: "14. And the Lord God said to the serpent, Because you have done this, you are cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon your belly shall you go, and dust shall you eat all the days of your life;15. And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed; it shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise his heel"
Although the verse above is wrong from the Biblical point of view, it is correct in foreshadowing the Muhammadan Islamic abysmal viewpoint of women.
Once more does the Quran erroneously assume, that Adam and Eve were thrown 'down' from the Garden instead of 'out' as if it were in Heaven instead of on Earth.
Since billions accept that the revelations of the Bible are from God, then it is incomprehensible why the angel Gabriel 'recited' the wrong information to Muhammad on so many occasions, about so many events and so many characters.
Even if one may assume, that the Biblical record was altered and tampered with
- as many of the Muhammadan theologians allege - why were these, not so vital items, also changed? ***
25> He said: "therein shall ye live and therein shall ye die; but from it shall ye be taken out (at last)."
26>O ye children of Adam! We have bestowed raiment upon you to cover your shame as well as to be an adornment to you but the raiment of righteousness that is the best. Such are among the signs of Allah that they may receive admonition!
#1008 The body: is pure and beautiful, as long as it is not defiled by misuse: its clothing and ornaments may be good or meretricious, according to the motives in the mind and character: if good, they are the symbols of purity and beauty: but the best clothing and ornament we could have comes from righteousness, which covers the nakedness of sin, and adorns us with virtues#
*** The Quran is perverting the Biblical narrative since only Adam and Eve were covered by God when they left the Garden of Eden. Their yet unborn children could not have been included, as erroneously asserted in the above verse.
Since there were no other intelligent creatures on Earth, what was there so shameful about them? If in 'the image of God ' they were created, how could anything be shameful regarding them?***
27> O ye children of Adam! let not Satan seduce you in the same manner as he got your parents out of the garden stripping them of their raiment to expose their shame: for he and his tribe watch you from a position where ye cannot see them: We made the evil ones friends (only) to those without faith.
*** This is a remarkable verse since it totally contradicts 7:22. In the latter, Adam and Eve were naked and had to sew a garment of leaves to cover their 'shame'.
Now, we are told by the same angel Gabriel, that they were actually clothed but it was Satan who disrobed them and exposed their 'shame' In the space of five verses, the Quran, yet again, contradicts itself***
28When they do aught that is shameful they say: "We found our fathers doing so"; and "Allah commanded us thus": say: "Nay Allah never commands what is shameful: do ye say of Allah what ye know not?"
29Say: "My Lord hath commanded justice; and that ye set your whole selves (to him) at every time and place of prayer and call upon him making your devotion sincere as in his sight: such as he created you in the beginning so shall ye return."
30Some He hath guided: others have (by their choice) deserved the loss of their way: in that they took the evil ones in preference to Allah for their friends and protectors and think that they receive guidance.
31>O children of Adam! wear your beautiful apparel at every time and place of prayer: eat and drink: but waste not by excess for Allah loveth not the wasters
*** The Quran treats recorded history and other people's traditions with utter contempt since it willfully distorts and perverts their scriptures in almost every verse there in.
Adam and his children had no place of prayer and the angel Gabriel who allegedly recited this verse to Muhammad should have surely known better.
The most disturbing question is whether these hundreds of inaccurate and wrong verses are from Gabriel or from Satan***
32>Say: Who hath forbidden the beautiful (gifts) of Allah which He hath produced for his servants and the things clean and pure (which He hath provided) for sustenance? Say: they are in the life of this world for those who believe (and) purely for them on the Day of Judgment. Thus do We explain the signs in detail for those who understand.
33Say: The things that my Lord hath indeed forbidden are: shameful deeds whether open or secret; sins and trespasses against truth or reason; assigning of partners to Allah for which he hath given no authority; and saying things about Allah of which ye have no knowledge.
34>To every people is a term appointed: when their term is reached not an hour can they cause delay nor (an hour) can they advance (it in anticipation).
*** This is another verse which asserts the Quranic concept of pre destination and the abrogation of the concept of Free Will***
35O ye children of Adam! whenever there come to you apostles from amongst you rehearsing my signs unto you those who are righteous and mend (their lives) on them shall be no fear nor shall they grieve.
*** This is a very interesting assertion which of course goes contrary to both history and religion as we know them, because the children of Adam did not receive any prophets since the first to come about was at least two thousand years in the future.
The angel Gabriel or the Quran or both have neither a concept of time nor of veracity. If according to the Quran, Adam was a prophet, so how was it possible that he could not succeed with only TWO children?***
36>But those who reject our signs and treat them with arrogance they are companions of the fire to dwell therein (for ever).
37>Who is more unjust than one who invents a lie against Allah or rejects his signs? For such their portion appointed must reach them from the Book (of decrees); until when Our messengers (of death) arrive and take their souls they say: "where are the things that ye used to invoke besides Allah?" They will reply "they have left us in the lurch" and they will bear witness against themselves that they had rejected Allah.
38He will say: "enter ye in the company of the peoples who passed away before you men and Jinns into the fire. Every time a new people enters it curses its sister-people (that went before) until they follow each other all into the fire. Saith the last about the first: "Our Lord! it is these that misled us: so give them a double penalty in the fire." He will say: "doubled for all": but this Ye do not understand.
*** Since the Jinn are created from fire, how then will they be tortured in the fires of Hell? It seems that the Jinn will get off scott free for their sins against Allah***
39Then the first will say to the last: "see then! no advantage have ye over us; so taste ye of the penalty for all that ye did!"
40> To those who reject Our signs and treat them with arrogance no opening will there be of the gates of heaven nor will they enter the garden until the camel can pass through the eye of the needle: such is Our reward for those in sin.
*** This verse is plagiarised -and is completely out of context and without any relevance to the present subject matter- from Mathew 19: 24" And again I say unto you, it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God"***
41>For them there is hell as a couch (below) and folds and folds of covering above: such is Our requital of those who do wrong.
42>But those who believe and work righteousness no burden do We place on any soul but that which it can bear they will be companions of the garden therein to dwell (for ever).
43>And We shall remove from their hearts any lurking sense of injury; beneath them will be rivers flowing; and they shall say: "Praise be to Allah Who hath guided us to this (felicity): never could we have found guidance had it not been for the guidance of Allah: indeed it was the truth that the apostles of our Lord brought unto us." And they Shall hear the cry: "Behold! the garden before you! Ye have been made its inheritors for your deeds (of righteousness)."
44>The companions of the garden will call out to the companions of the fire: "We have indeed found the promises of our Lord to us true: have you also found your Lord's promises true?" They shall say "yes"; but a crier shall proclaim between them: "the curse of Allah is on the wrong- doers;
45>"Those who would hinder (men) from the path of Allah and would seek in it something crooked: they were those who Denied the Hereafter."
46>Between them shall be a veil and on the heights will be men who would know everyone by his marks: they will call out to the companions of the garden "peace on you" they will not have entered but they will have an assurance (thereof.)
47When their eyes shall be turned towards the companions of the fire they will say: "Our Lord! send us not to the company of the wrong- doers."
48The men on the heights will call to certain men whom they will know from their marks saying: "Of what profit to you were you hoards and your arrogant ways?
49>"Behold! are these not the men whom you swore that Allah with his mercy would never bless? Enter ye the garden: no fear shall be on you nor shall ye grieve."
50>The companions of the fire will call to the companions of the garden; "pour down to us water or anything that Allah doth provide for your sustenance." They will say: "Both these things hath Allah forbidden to those who rejected Him.
51"Such as took their religion to be mere amusement and play and were deceived by the life of the world." That day shall We forget them as they forgot the meeting of this day of theirs and as they were wont to reject Our signs.
52>For We had certainly sent unto them a Book based on knowledge which We explained in detail a guide and a mercy to all who believe.
*** The Quranic verses which speak of the Book confuse the matter at hand enormously since this is usually a reference to the Bible especially since Muhammad never received any Book in his life time but only recitations***
53Do they just wait for the final fulfillment of the event? On the day the event is finally fulfilled those who disregarded it before will say: "the apostles of our Lord did indeed bring true (tidings). Have we no intercessors now to intercede on our behalf? Or could we be sent back? Then should we behave differently from our behavior in the past." In fact they will have lost their souls and the things they invented will leave them in the lurch.
54> Your guardian-Lord is Allah Who created the heavens and the earth in six days and is firmly established on the throne (of authority): He draweth the night as a veil O'er the day each seeking the other in rapid succession: He created the sun the moon and the stars (all) governed by laws under His command. Is it not His to create and to govern? Blessed be Allah the cherisher and sustainer of the worlds!
#1031 A sublime verse, comparable to the Throne Verse ii. 255. As for the Creation in six days, in xxii. 47, we are told that a Day in the sight of Allah is like a thousand years of our reckoning, and in lxx. 4, the comparison is with 50,000 of our years. In the history of our material earth, we may reckon six great epochs of evolution. 1032 Here, we are told of the creation of the heavens and the earth in six days. But lest we should be obsessed with the Jewish idea that Allah rested on the seventh day, we are told that the Creation was but a prelude to Allah's work: for His authority is exercised constantly by the laws which He establishes and enforces in all parts of His Creation. The beautiful imagery of night and day seeking out each other in rapid succession is still further enforced in the Arabic by the double accusative of the verb yugshi, showing the mutual interactions of the day and the night, each covering the other in turn. The heavenly bodies show an order which is evidence of His constant care and government. Not only that, but it is only He Who creates, maintains, and governs, and no one else#
*** Without the Biblical record, the Quran would not have had the 'authority' to speak of any kind of creation to begin with.
This is yet one more very important misquotation from the Bible, since God did not create Heaven and Earth in six days but in the first three days.
The Quran never delved into details of the Creation nor of 98% of the details of the Bible; all it does is to quote and misquote what suits its purposes from the Hebrew Bible and Scriptural records.
The interpreter's falsification of facts and deliberate misrepresentation of the religion of the Jews continues by insinuating that "God rested on the seventh day" as meaning that He was TIRED.
Since it was the Hebrew mind and language and not the Arab one that first conceived of the One and Only God, the Omniscient, the Omnipotent and the Omnipresent, their "day of rest" means that He ceased the process of Creation since all of it was already achieved in the first six days of God's Time.
The Hebrew mind -unlike that of Muhammad's- could not have failed so miserably and stupidly as to believe that the Almighty could ever 'get tired'.
Either Muhammad failed to understand the meaning of the expression in the Bible or he deliberately misrepresented its meaning for his own agenda. Either way, his false 'interpretation' deprived his followers from officially having any day of rest, as cessation from work.
Friday afterall, is not a day of rest like the Sabbath of the Jews or the Sunday of the Christians but is a day of collective noon prayers***
55>Call on your Lord with humility and in private: for Allah loveth not those who trespass beyond bounds.
56>Do no mischief on the earth after it hath been set in order but call on Him with fear and longing (in your hearts): for the mercy of Allah is (always) near to those who do good.
57>It is He who sendeth the winds like heralds of glad tidings going before His mercy: when they have carried the heavy-laden clouds We drive them to a land that is dead make rain to descend thereon and produce every kind of harvest therewith: thus shall We raise up the dead: perchance ye may remember.
58> From the land that is clean and good by the will of its cherisher springs up produce (rich) after its kind: but from the land that is bad spring up nothing but that which is niggardly: thus do We explain the signs by various (symbols) to those who are grateful.
59> We sent Noah to his people. He said: "O my people! worship Allah! ye have no other god but Him. I fear for you the punishment of a dreadful day!
60> The leaders of his people said: "Ah! we see thee evidently wandering (in mind)."
61> He said: "O my people! no wandering is there in my (mind): on the contrary I am an apostle from the Lord and Cherisher of the worlds!
62> "I but fulfil towards you the duties of my Lord's mission: sincere is my advice to you and I know from Allah something that ye know not.
63> "Do ye wonder that there hath come to you a message from your Lord through a man of your own people to warn you so that ye may fear Allah and haply receive his mercy?"
64> But they rejected him and We delivered him and those with him in the ark: But We overwhelmed in the flood those who rejected our signs. They were indeed a blind people!
65 To the Ad people (We sent) Hud one of their (own) brethren: He said: "O my people! worship Allah! ye have no other god but Him. Will yet not fear (Allah)?"
#1040 The 'Ad people, with their prophet Had, are mentioned in many places. See especially xxvi. 123-140, and xivi. 21-26. Their story belongs to Arabian tradition. Their eponymous ancestor 'Ad was fourth in generation from Noah, having been a son of 'Aus, the son of Aram, the son of Sam, the son of Noah. They occupied a large tract of country in Southern Arabia, extending from Umman at the mouth of the Arabian Gulf to Hadhramaut and Yemen at the southern end of the Red Sea. The people were tall in stature and were great builders. Probably the long, winding tracts of sands (ahqaf) in their dominions (xivi. 21) were irrigated with canals. They forsook the true God, and oppressed their people. A three years famine visited them, but yet they took no warning. At length a terrible blast of wind destroyed them and their land, but a remnant, known as the second 'Ad or the Thamud (see below) were saved, and afterwards suffered a similar fate for their sins. The tomb of the Prophet Hud (qabr Nabi Hud) is still traditionally shown in Hadhramaut, latitude 16 N, and longitude 49 1/2 E', about 90 miles north of Mukalla. There are ruins and inscriptions in the neighbourhood. See "Hadhramaut, Some of its Mysteries Unveiled," by D. van der Meulen and H. von Wissmann, Leyden, 1932#
*** Contrary to the assertions of the interpreters of the Quran, the pagan Arabs had no knowledge of the Bible. as the Quran repeatedly proclaims.
Now, assuming for argument's sake that they did, then the interpreter is deliberately not telling the truth. According to the Bible, there is no name 'Ad' as a descendant of Shem through 'Aus' (Arabised name whose Biblical counterpart in Hebrew is actually Uz).
Since the Bible is the only authority and primary source of this information, then the interpreter can only be, to be charitable, wrong.
The same interpreter who repeatedly alleges, that the Bible of today is not the original because it had been tampered with - and no follower of Muhammad on planet Earth can show the unaltered ORIGINAL- does not hesitate for a second, to shamelessly quote from it chapter and verse, to give the Arabs a noble ancestry of which they actually had no knowledge of, until they were 'enlightened' by Muhammad's Quran.
Moreover, if the case of this prophet is true, it only confirms that the Arabs were so ignorant of Abraham and Ishmael that even a reminder of Allah did not register in their 'mind' or their 'tradition'.
Therefore, the followers of Muhammad had no alternative but to create direct lineage connections to the Biblical patriarchs so as to give themselves a worthy ancestry befitting a 'great people'***
66The leaders of the unbelievers among his people said: "Ah! we see thou art an imbecile!" and "we think thou art a liar!"
67He said: "O my people! I am not imbecile but (I am) an apostle from the Lord and Cherisher of the worlds!
68"I but fulfil towards your the duties of my Lord's mission: I am to you a sincere and trustworthy adviser.
69"Do ye wonder that there hath come to you a message from your Lord through a man of your own people to warn you? call in remembrance that he made you inheritors after the people of Noah and gave you a stature tall among the nations. Call in remembrance the benefits (ye have received) from Allah: that so Ye may prosper."
70They said: "Comest thou to us that we may worship Allah alone and give up the cult of our fathers? Bring us what thou threatenest us with if so be that thou tellest the truth!"
71He said: "punishment and wrath have already come upon you from your Lord: dispute ye with me over names which ye have devised ye and your fathers without authority from Allah? Then wait: I am amongst you also waiting."
72We saved him and those who adhered to him by our mercy and We cut off the roots of those who rejected our signs and did not believe.
73To the Thamud people (We sent) Saleh one of their own brethren: he said: "O my people! worship Allah; ye have no other god but Him. Now hath come unto you a clear (sign) from your Lord! This she-camel of Allah is a sign unto you: so leave her to graze in Allah's earth and let her come to no harm or ye shall be seized with a grievous punishment.
#1043 The Thamud people were the successors to the culture and civilization of the 'Ad people, for whom see n. 1040 and vii. 65 above. They were cousins to the 'Ad, apparently a younger branch of the same race. Their story also belongs to Arabian tradition, according to which their eponymous ancestor Thamud was a son of 'Abir (a brother of Aram), the son of Sam, the son of Noah. Their seat was in the north-west corner of Arabia (Arabia Petraea), between Madinah and Syria. It included both rocky country (hijr. xv. 80), and the spacious fertile valley (Wadi) and plains country of Qura, which begins just north of the City of Madinah and is traversed by the Hijaz Railway. When the holy Prophet in the 9th year of the Hijra led his expedition to Tabuk (about 400 miles north of Madinah) against the Roman forces, on a reported Roman invasion from Syria, he and his men came across the archaeological remains of the Thamud. The recently excavated rock city of Petra, near Maan, may go back to the Thamud, though its architecture has many features connecting it with Egyptian and Graeco-Roman culture overlaying what is called by European writers Nabataean Culture. Who were the Nabataeans? They were an old Arab tribe which played a considerable part in history after they came into conflict with Antigonus I in 312 B.C. Their capital was Petra, but they extended their territory right up to the Euphrates. In 85 B.C. they were lords of Damascus under their king Haritha (Aretas of Roman history). For some time they were allies of the Roman Empire and held the Red Sea littoral. The Emperor Trajan reduced them and annexed their territory in A.D. 105. The Nabataeans succeeded the Thamud of Arabian tradition. The Thamud are mentioned by name in an inscription of the Assyrian King Sargon, dated 715 B.C., as a people of Eastern and Central Arabia (Encyclopaedia of Islam). See also Appendix VII to S. xxvi. With the advance of material civilisation, the Thamud people became godless and arrogant, and were destroyed by an earthquake. Their prophet and warner was Salih, and the crisis in their history is connected with the story of a wonderful she-camel: see next note. 1044 The story of this wonderful she-camel, that was a sign to the Thamud, is variously told in tradition. We need not follow the various versions in the traditional story. What we are told in the Qur-an is: that (1) she was a Sign or Symbol, which the prophet Salih, used for a warning to the haughty oppressors of the poor: (2) there was scarcity of water, and the arrogant or privileged classes tried to prevent the access of the poor or their cattle to the springs, while Salih intervened on their behalf (xxvi. 155, liv. 28); (3) like water, pasture was considered a free gift of nature, in this spacious earth of Allah (vii. 73), but the arrogant ones tried to monopolise the pasture also; (4) this particular she-camel was made a test case (liv. 27) to see if the arrogant ones would come to reason; (5) the arrogant ones, instead of yielding to the reasonable rights of the people, ham-strung the poor she- camel and slew her, probably secretly (xci. 14, liv. 29): the cup of their iniquities was full, and the Thamud people were destroyed by a dreadful earthquake, which threw them prone on the ground and buried them with their houses and their fine buildings#
*** According to Arab historians -even when it is contrary to archaeological and historical records- any culture in the Middle East from Arabia to Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Palestine, Jordan and the Sinai was Arab or of Arab origin. The Bible has no record of the Thamud nor of Abir who is allegedly a brother of Aram.
Genesis 10: "…21. To Shem also, the father of all the Eberites, the brother of Japheth the elder, to him were children born.22. The children of Shem: Elam, and Ashur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.23. And the children of Aram; Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Mash"
Yet once more, the interpreter and Arab theologians, in desperation, do their best to deliberately falsify history in spite of the fact that the records show otherwise.
How is it conceivable or logical that a She camel can represent in any way shape or form a miracle attesting to the veracity of the Quran?***
74"And remember how He made you inheritors after the Ad people and gave you habitations in the land: ye build for yourselves palaces and castles in (open) plains and carve out homes in the mountains; so bring to remembrance the benefits (ye have received) from Allah and refrain from evil and mischief on the earth."
75The leaders of the arrogant party among his people said to those who were reckoned powerless those among them who believe: "know ye indeed that Saleh is an apostle from his Lord?" They said: "We do indeed believe in the revelation which hath been sent through him."
#1045 As usually happens in such cases, the Believers were the lowly and the humble, and the oppressors were the arrogant, who in selfishly keeping back nature's gifts (which are Allah's gifts) from the people, were deaf to the dictates of justice and kindness. Salih took the side of the unprivileged, and was therefore himself attacked. 1046 Notice the relation between the question and the answer. The godless chiefs wanted to discredit Salih, and put a personal question, as much as to say, "Is he not a liar?" The Believers took back the issue to the higher plane, as much as to say. "We know he is a man of Allah, but look at the justice for which he is making a stand: to resist it is to resist Allah". The answer of the godless was to reject Allah in words, and in action to commit a further act of cruelty and injustice in ham-stringing and killing the she-camel, at the same time hurling defiance at Salih and his God#
*** There are no records either written or verbal in the lore of the Arabs of such stories as above. The interpreter created one to explain the otherwise enigmatic and unintelligible Quranic verse***
76The arrogant party said: "for our part we reject what ye believe in."
77Then they ham-strung the she-camel and insolently defied the order of their Lord saying: "O Saleh! bring about thy threats if thou art an apostle (of Allah)!"
78So the earthquake took them unawares and they lay prostrate in their homes in the morning!
79So Saleh left them saying: "O my people! I did indeed convey to you the message for which I was sent by my Lord: I gave you good counsel but ye love not good counsellors!"
80 We also (sent) Lut: he said to his people: "Do ye commit lewdness such as no people in creation (ever) committed before you?
#1049 Lut is the Lot of the English Bible. His story is biblical, but freed from some shameful features which are a blot on the biblical narrative, (e.g., see Gen. xix. 30-36). He was a nephew of Abraham, and was sent as a Prophet and warner to the people of Sodom and Gomorrah, cities utterly destroyed for their unspeakable sins. They cannot be exactly located, but it may be supposed that they were somewhere in the plain cast of the Dead Sea. The story of their destruction is told in the 19th chapter of Genesis. Two angels in the shape of handsome young men came to Lot in the evening and became his guests by night. The inhabitants of Sodom in their lust for unnatural crime invaded Lot's house but were repulsed. In the morning, the angels warned Lot to escape with his family. "Then the Lord rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the Lord out of heaven; and He overthrew those cities, and all the plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground. But his wife looked back from behind him, and she became a pillar of salt." (Gen. xix. 24-26). Note that Lot's people are the people to whom he is sent on a mission. He was not one of their own brethren, as was Salih or Shu'aib. But he looked upon his people as his brethren (I. 13), as a man of God always does#
*** On the one hand, the interpreter uses the Biblical narrative verbatim to explain the Quranic verse; on the other hand, he condemns the very same Biblical narrative for its 'lude' details as if the story should have been 'edited' in a manner more acceptable to his sensibilities.
All the interpreters of the Quranic verses pertaining to stories from the Bible, quote from it in detail and without hesitation, but unashamedly and perversely attack the same Biblical records as having been 'altered' and 'corrupted' by the People of the Book.
Of course none of these interpreters can show anyone else, which items in the Bible have been 'corrupted' and which not, since they have no original Bible to compare with and depend entirely upon their unsubstantiated and hatemongering allegations***
81> "For ye practice your lusts on men in preference to women: ye are indeed a people transgressing beyond bounds."
82And his people gave no answer but this: they said "drive them out of your city: these are indeed men who want to be clean and pure!"
83> But We saved him and his family except his wife: she was of those who lagged behind.
#1051In the biblical narrative she looks back, a physical act (see n. 1049): here she is a type of those who lag behind, i.e, whose mental and moral attitude, in spite of their association with the righteous, is to hark back to the glitter of wickedness and sin. The righteous should have one sole objective, the Way of Allah. They should not took behind, nor yet to the right or the left#
84 And We rained down on them a shower (of brimstone): then see what was the end of those who indulged in sin and crime!
85To the Madyan people We sent Shu`aib one of their own brethren: he said: "O my people! worship Allah; Ye have no other god but Him. Now hath come unto you a clear (sign) from your Lord! Give just measure and weight nor withhold from the people the things that are their due; and do no mischief on the earth after it has been set in order: that will be best for you if ye have faith.
#1053 "Madyan" may be identified with "Midian". Midian and the Midianites are frequently mentioned in the Old Testament, though the particular incident here mentioned belongs to Arab rather than to Jewish tradition. The Midianites were of Arab race, though, as neighbours of the Canaanites, they probably intermixed with them. They were a wandering tribe: it was Midianite merchants to whom Joseph was sold into slavery, and who took him to Egypt. Their principal territory in the time of Moses was in the northeast of the Sinai Peninsula, and east of the Amalekites. Under Moses the Israelites waged a war of extermination against them: they slew the kings of Midian, slaughtered all the males, burnt their cities and castles, and captured their cattle (Num. xxxi, 7-1 1). This sounds like total extermination. Yet a few generations afterwards, they were so powerful that the Israelites for their sins were delivered into the captivity of the Midianites for seven years: both the Midianites and their camels were without number: and the Israelites hid from them in "dens..... caves, and strongholds" (Judges vii. 1- 6). Gideon destroyed them again, (Judges vii. 1-25), say about two centuries after Moses. As the decisive battle was near the hill of Moreh, not far south of Mount Tabor, we may localise the Midianites on this occasion in the northern parts of the Jordan valley, at least 200 miles north of the Sinai Peninsula. This and the previous destruction under Moses were local, and mention no town of Midian. In later times there was a town of Madyan on the cast side of the Gulf of 'Aqaba. It is mentioned in Josephus, Eusebius, and Ptolemy: (Encyclopaedia of Islam). Then it disappears from geography. In Muslim times it was a revived town with quite a different kind of population, but it never flourished. The Midianites disappeared from history. 1054 Shu'aib belongs to Arab rather than to Jewish tradition, to which he is unknown. His identification with Jethro, the father-in-law of Moses, has no warrant, and I reject it. There is no similarity either in names or incidents, and there are chronological difficulties (see n. 1064 below). If, as the Commentators tell us, Shuaib was in the fourth generation from Abraham, being a great-grandson of Madyan (a son of Abraham), he would be only about a century from the time of Abraham, whereas the Hebrew Bible would give us a period of four to six centuries between Abraham and Moses. The mere fact that Jathro was a Midianite and that another name, Hobab, is mentioned for a father-in-law of Moses in Num x. 29, is slender ground for identificaion. As the Midianites were mainly a nomad tribe, we need not be surprised that their destruction in one or two settlements did not affect their life in wandering sections of the tribe in other geographical regions. Shu'aib's mission was apparently in one of the settled towns of the Midianites, which was completely destroyed by an earthquake (vii. 91). If this happened in the century after Abraham, there is no difficulty in supposing that they were again a numerous tribe, three or five centuries later, in the time of Moses (see last note). As they were a mixed wandering tribe, both their resilience and their eventual absorption can be easily understood. But the destruction of the settlement or settlements (if the Wood or Aika was a separate settlement, see n. 2000 to xv. 78) to which Shu'aib was sent to preach was complete, and no traces of it now remain. The name of the highest mountain of Yemen, Nabi Shu'aib (11,000 ft.) has probably no connection with the geographical territory of the nomad Midianites, unless we suppose that their wanderings extended so far south from the territories mentioned in the last note#
*** Once more, the interpreter picks and chooses from the Bible what suits his agenda and at the same time 'corrupts' it.
The Bibllical narrative is very clear that it was Midianite traders who found Joseph in the pit and sold him to a caravan of Ishmaelites.
Gen 37: 28 "Then there passed by Midianites merchants; and they drew and lifted up Joseph out from the pit, and sold Joseph to the Ishmaelites for twenty pieces of silver; and they brought Joseph to Egypt"
It is beyond comprehension that he would have the audacity to deliberately pervert a story that can easily be checked and verified; if he can do that to such items, it boggles the mind to think of what he has been doing to others that cannot easily be verified.
Regarding weights and measures, this is from the Bible in (Deuteronomy 25:13-16)***
86"And squat not on every road breathing threats hindering from the path of Allah those who believe in Him and seeking in it something crooked; but remember how ye were little and He gave you increase. And hold in your mind's eye what was the end of those who did mischief.
87"And if there is a party among you who believes in the message with which I have been sent and a party which does not believe hold yourselves in patience until Allah doth decide between us: for He is the best to decide."
88The leaders the arrogant party among his people said: "O Shu`aib! we shall certainly drive thee out of our city (thee) and those who believe with thee: or else ye (thou and they) shall have to return to our ways and religion." He said: "what! even though we do detest (them)?
89"We should indeed invent a lie against Allah if we returned to your ways after Allah hath rescued us therefrom: nor could we by any manner of means return thereto unless it be as in the Will and plan of Allah Our Lord. Our Lord can reach out to the utmost recesses of things by His knowledge. In Allah is our trust. Our Lord! decide thou between us and our people in truth for thou art the best to decide."
90 The leaders the unbelievers among his people said "if ye follow Shu`aib be sure then ye are ruined!"
#1062 The answer of the Unbelievers is characteristic. As all their bribes and subtleties have failed, they resort to threats, which are worse than the argument of the stick. "All right," they say, "there is nothing but ruin before you!" That means that the Believers will be persecuted, held up to obloquy, ostracised, and prevented from access to all means of honourable livelihood; their families and dependants will be insulted, reviled, and tortured, if they could but be got into the enemy's power: their homes destroyed, and their names held up to ridicule and contempt even when they are gone. But, as verse 92 says, their wicked designs recoiled on themselves; it was the wicked who were ruined and blotted out#
*** Muhammad created the characters of Hud, Salih and Shuaib to show the Quraysh that he was not the only 'prophet' who was reviled by his own people for bringing them a new message.
In this manner, he gives his actions a historical context with warnings of destruction and eternal torture for those who would not follow him***
90But the earthquake took them unawares and they lay prostrate in their homes before the morning!
#1063 The fate of the Madyan people is described in the same terms as that of the Thamud in verse 78 above. An earthquake seized them by night, and they were buried in their own homes, no longer to vex Allah's earth. But a supplementary detail is mentioned in xxvi. 189, "the punishment of a day of overshadowing gloom," which may be understood to mean a shower of ashes and cinders accompanying a volcanic eruption. Thus a day of terror drove them into their homes, and the earthquake finished them. The lament of Shu'aib in verse 93 is almost the same as that of Salih in verse 79, with two differences: (1) Shu'aib's messages attacked the many sins of his people (see n. 1055) and are, therefore, expressed in the plural, while Salih's fight was chiefly against selfish arrogance, and his message is expressed in the singular; (2) the Thamud were the more cultured people of the two, and perished in their own pride; as Salih said, "ye love not good counsellors"; the Midianites were a rougher people, and their minds were less receptive of argument or faith; as Shu'aib said, they were a people who "refused to believe."#
*** Muhammad repeats exactly the same method of destruction to these people also. His stories are similar to each other, with little imagination and scenario. All of them are full of his Allah's retribution brought upon the humans that he created AND condemned to his Hell without any fault or choice of their own***
92The men who rejected Shu`aib became as if they had never been in the homes where they had flourished: the men who rejected Shu`aib it was they who were ruined!
93So Shu`aib left them saying: "O my people! I did indeed convey to you the messages for which I was sent by my Lord: I gave you good counsel but how shall I lament over a people who refuse to believe!
#1064 Can we get any idea of the chronological place of the destruction of the Midianites? In n. 1053 (vii. 85) we have discussed the geographical aspects. The following considerations will help us in getting some idea of their period. (1) The stories of Noah, Hud, Salih, Lut, and Shu'aib seem to be in chronological order. Therefore Shu'aib came after Abraham, whose nephew Lut was. (2) If Shu'aib was in the fourth generation from Abraham, (see n. 1590 to xi. 80), it would be impossible for him to have been a contemporary of Moses, who came many centuries later. This difficulty is allest ti by Ibn Kathir and other classical commentators. (3) The identification of Shu'aib with Jethro the father-in-law of Moses is without warrant; see n. 1054 (vii. 85). (4) Shu'aib must have been before Moses; see vii. 103. (5) The Midianites who were destroyed by Moses and by Gideon after him (n. 1053) were local remnants, as we may speak of the Jews at the present day; but their existence as a nation in their original home-lands seems to have ended before Moses: "they became as if they had never been in the homes where they had flourished" (vii. 92). (6) Josephus, Eusebius, and Ptolemy mention a town of Madyan, but it was not of any importance (n. 1053). (7) After the first centuries of the Christian era, Madyan as a town appears as an unimportant place resting on its past#
*** The stories of the Ad, Thamud and Madyan are identical in context, format, beginning and ending; it does not require too much intelligence to come up with such simplistic stories especially since they are already based on that of the Biblical narrative of Lot***
94Whenever We sent a prophet to a town We took up its people in suffering and adversity in order that they might learn humility.
95Then We changed their suffering into prosperity until they grew and multiplied and began to say: "Our fathers (too) were touched by suffering and affluence."...Behold! We called them to account of a sudden while they realized not (their peril).
96If the people of the towns had but believed and feared Allah We should indeed have opened out to them (all kinds of) blessings from heaven and earth; but they rejected (the truth) and We brought them to book for their misdeeds.
*** It is almost beyond comprehension as to how the Quranic verses attempt to reconcile totally opposite doctrines: those ofPREDESTINATION vis a vis FREE WILLat the same time.
Since Allah has predestined the actions of all his creation, then there is no Free Will. Without Free Will, no one should ever be held responsible for their actions.
If they are not responsible for their actions then they cannot possibly be guilty of any crimes and hence should not be destined to the torments of Hell.
No Just and Merciful God could or would countenance such Satanic actions***
97Did the people of the towns feel secure against the coming of our wrath by night while they were asleep?
98Or else did they feel secure against its coming in broad daylight while they played about (care-free)?
99Did they then fell secure against the plan of Allah? But no one can feel secure from the plan of Allah except those (doomed) to ruin!
100To those who inherit the earth in succession to its (previous) possessors is it not a guiding (lesson) that if We so willed We could punish them (too) for their sins and seal up their hearts so that they could not hear?
101Such were the towns whose story We (thus) relate unto thee: there came indeed to them their apostles with clear (signs): but they would not believe what they had rejected before. Thus doth Allah seal up the heart of those who reject faith.
102Most of them We found not men (true) to their covenant: but most of them We found rebellious and disobedient.
103> Then after them We sent Moses with Our signs to Pharaoh and his chiefs but they wrongfully rejected them: so see what was the end of those who made mischief.
102> Moses said: "O Pharaoh! I am an apostle from the Lord of the worlds.
#1071 The story of Moses is told in many places in the Holy Qur-an, with a special lesson in each context. In ii. 49-71, the story is an appeal to the Jews from their own scripture and traditions, to show their true place in the religious history of mankind, and how they forfeited it. Here we have an instructive parallelism in that story to the story of Muhammad's mission,-how both these men of Allah had to fight against (1) a foreign foe, arrogant, unjust, faithless, and superstitious, and (2) against the same class of internal foe among their own people. Both of them won through. In the case of Moses, the foreign foe was Pharaoh and his Egyptians, who boasted of their carlier and superior allest tion; in the case of the Prophet Muhammad the foreign foes were the Jews themselves and the Christians of his day. Moses led his people nearly to the land of promise in spite of rebellions among his own people; Muhammad succecded completely in overcoming the resistance of his own people by his own virtues and firmness of character, and by the guidance of Allah. What was a hope when these Makkan verses were revealed became an accomplishment before the end of his life and mission on earth. 1072 "Pharaoh" (Arabic, Fir'aun) is a dynastic title, not the name of any particular king in Egypt. It has been traced to the ancient Hieroglyphic words, Per-aa, which mean "Great House." The nun is an "infirm" letter added in the process of Arabisation. Who was the Pharaoh in the story of Moses? If the Inscriptions had helped us, we could have answered with some confidence, but unfortunately the Inscriptions fail us. It is probable that it was an early Pharaoh of the XVIIIth Dynasty, say Thothmes 1, about 1540 B.C. See appendix IV on Egyptian Chronology and Israel, printed at the end of this Sura#
*** As usual, the interpreter attacks both the Jews and the Christians as if they were intruders and foreigners in the Arabian Peninsula. The 'Jews' and 'Christians' of Arabia before and during the lifetime of Muhammad, were true NATIVE ARABS who had WILLINGLY CONVERTED to the religions of the Jews and of Christianity and who had as much, if not more right, to reside in the land of their birth, as Muhammad and his followers.
It is the interpreter who perverts both history and truth. It was Muhammad who was helped by both the Christians in Abyssinia and later also by the Jews of the Madina. It was Muhammad who betrayed both and assaulted them without provocation on their part. It was Muhammad who interfered with their faith by trying to impose upon them his new cultic belief which was only a plagiarized and re scripted inferior version of their Bible.
For as long as he did not interfere with and threaten them, they had supported him and saved both himself and his followers from his own kith and kin who were seeking his destruction. The mendacity of the interpreters as well as that of the Quranic version of events is self evident and can be easily gleaned from the historical record throughout the later actions of the Isamic polity towards them***
103> "One for whom it is right to say nothing but truth about Allah. Now have I come unto you (people) from your Lord with a clear (sign): so let the children of Israel depart along with me."
#1073 Notice that Moses, in addressing Pharaoh and the Egyptians, claims his mission to be not from his God, or his people's God but from "your Lord," from "the Lord of the Worlds." And his mission is not to his people only: "I come unto you (Egyptian people) from your Lord." "The spirit of our version is entirely different from the spirit of the same story as told in the Old Testament (Exod. Chapters i. To xv.). In Exod. Iii. 18, the mission of Moses is expressed to be as from "the Lord God of the Hebrews." The essence of the whole Islamic story is this: Joseph's sufferings and good fortune were not merely a story in a romance. Joseph was a prophet; his sufferings and his subsequent rise to power and position in Egypt were to be a lesson (a) to his wicked brothers who sold him into slavery, (b) to his people who were stricken with famine and found a welcome in Egypt, and (c) to the Egyptians, who were arrogant over their high material allest tion, but had yet to be taught the pure faith of Abraham. Israel prospered in Egypt, and stayed there perhaps two to four centuries. (Renan allows only one century). Times changed, and the racial bigotry of the Egyptians showed its head again, and Israel was oppressed. Moses was raised up with a threefold mission again (a) to learn all the learning of the Egyptians and preach Allah's Truth to them as one who had been brought up among themselves, (b) to unite and reclaim his own people, and (c) to rescue them and lead them to a new world, which was to open out their spiritual horizon and lead them to the Psalms of David and the glories of Solomon.#
*** To suit its own agenda, the Quran 'recited' whatever version that was needed irrespective of the fact that it was not identical to the original and only source of such information: the Bible. The interpreter is left without any choice but to find a good explanation for the untrue version of events.
According to the Bible, God's instruction to Moses was to liberate his People Israel without offending the religious sensibilities of the Egyptians; they, after all, considered their Pharaoh as semi divine, as the son of their god Ra.
Moses was not attempting to convert them or challenge their religion; liberating the slaves was a very difficut task without adding insult to injury. Based upon the original story, Moses was correct in his dealings with Pharaoh and the interpreter is wrong under these circumstances.
The simple explanation as to why the interpreter put his spin on the events, is because unlike the case of Moses, Muhammad's actions, on the other hand, were offensive and provocative because he specifically attempted to change the religion of his people against their will, through the use of force instead of persuasion through dialogue and logic***
104> (Pharaoh) said: "If indeed thou hast come with a sign show it forth if thou tellest the truth."
105"One for whom it is right to say nothing but truth about Allah. Now have I come unto you (people) from your Lord with a clear (sign): so let the children of Israel depart along with me." 1073
106(Pharaoh) said: "If indeed thou hast come with a sign show it forth if thou tellest the truth.
107> Then (Moses) threw his rod and behold! It was a serpent plain (for all to see)!
108> And he drew out his hand and behold! It was white to all beholders!
#1076 But the second Sign displayed by Moses was even more puzzling to the Egyptians. Moses drew out his hand from the folds of the garments on his breast, and it was white and shining as with divine light! This was to counter any suggestions of evil, which the serpent might have created. This was no work of evil, of black magic, or a trick or illusion. His hand was transfigured with a light which no Egyptian sorcerers could produce. In Islamic literature the "white hand" of Moses has passed into a proverb, for a symbol of divine glory dazzling to the beholders#
*** The Quran is again wrong in its story telling of the Biblical events.The interpreter, having no other choice in explaining such a major discrepancy, continued the falsehood. The hand of Moses turned white not in his confrontations with Pharaoh but when he came down from Mount Sinai as in
Exodus 4:6" And the Lord said furthermore to him, Put now your hand into your bosom. And he put his hand into his bosom; and when he took it out, behold, his hand was diseased, white as
109>Said the Chiefs of the people of Pharaoh: "This is indeed a sorcerer well-versed.
110> "His plan is to get you out of your land then what is it ye counsel?"
#The two Signs had the desired effect on the Egyptians. They were impressed, but they judged them by their own standards. They thought to themselves, "These are ordinary sorcerers: let us search out our best sorcerers and show them that they have superior power." But like all worldly people, they began to fear for their own power and possessions. It was far from Moses's intention to drive out the Egyptians from their own land. He merely wanted to end the Egyptian oppression. But the Egyptians had a guilty conscience, and they judged other people's motives by their own. They discussed the matter in Council on quite wrong premises#
*** The above bold lettered conclusion is the most truthful item mentioned by this interpreter and explains exactly his and Muhammadanism's attitude towards the Jews and all others***
111>They said: "Keep him and his brother in suspense (for a while); and send to the cities men to collect
112>and bring up to thee all (our) sorcerers well-versed."
113>So there came the sorcerers to Pharaoh: they said "Of course we shall have a (suitable) reward if we win!"
114>He said: "Yea (and more) for ye shall in that case be (raised to posts) nearest (to my person)."
115>They said: "O Moses! wilt thou throw (first) or shall we have the (first) throw?"
116>Said Moses: "Throw ye (first)." So when they threw they bewitched the eyes of the people and struck terror into them: for they showed a great (feat of) magic.
117>We put it into Moses's mind by inspiration: "throw (now) thy rod": and behold! it swallows up straightway all the falsehoods which they fake!
*** The Quran is yet again untruthful on two counts:
Firstly, the Almighty did not 'inspire' Moses but gave him and Aaron 'verbal' and direct instrucionsGen 7:8" And the Lord spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying,9. When Pharaoh shall speak to you, saying, Show a miracle; then you shall say to Aaron, Take your rod, and throw it before Pharaoh, and it shall become a serpent"…" 12. For they threw down every man his rod, and they became serpents; but Aaron's rod swallowed up their rods".
Secondly, Moses was not ordered to throw the rod because it was Aaron's task to do so. It is a fact that no where in the Quran or the Hadith was there any reference that equated 'inspiration' to Muhammad as a direct communication with Allah, hence there is no ambiguiuty in the meaning of the word 'inspiration' as used in the Quran.
The reason it is mentioned in the manner above is to deliberately mislead the listener or the reader into believing that both Moses and Muhammad were inspired where in fact, it was only Muhammad who was allegedly 'inspired' through Gabriel's secondary channel,while Moses talked directly to God***
118>Thus truth was confirmed and all that they did was made of no effect.
119>So the (great ones) were vanquished there and then and were made to look small.
120>But the sorcerers fell down prostrate in adoration.
121>Saying: "we believe in the Lord of the worlds.
122"The Lord of Moses and Aaron."
123 Said Pharaoh: "believe ye in him before I give you permission? Surely this is a trick which ye have planned in the city to drive out its people: but soon shall ye know (the consequences).
#1082 Pharaoh and his Court were doubly angry: first because they were made to look small when confronted by the power of Allah, and secondly, because their dupes and instruments were snatched away from them. These men, the sorcerers, at once recognised the Signs of Allah, and in their case the mission of Moses, and Aaron was fulfilled. They turned back on their past life of false worship, and oppression of the weak, and confessed the One true God. As usually happens, hardened sinners resent all the more the saving of any of their companions from sin and error. Judging other people's motives by their own, they accuse them of duplicity, and if they have the power, they take cruel revenge. Here the Pharaoh threatens the repentant sinners with the extreme punishment for treason and apostasy (cutting off of hands and feet, combined with an ignominious death on the cross, as in the case of the worst malefactors). But they remained firm, and prayed to Allah for patience and constancy. Probably their influence spread quietly in the commonalty. Ultimately it appeared on the throne itself, in the person of Amenophis IV about five or six generations afterwards#
*** Verses 123-126 do not appear in the Bible; they represent only a Quranic version of events thet bare no resemblance whatsoever to the originals in the Bible. The angel Gabriel must have been 'high' on some intoxicant to make such an enormous number of errors; or was it actually Satan pretending to be Gabriel? Otherwise, how does any intelligent being explain these catastrophic discrepancies between the Biblical original and the Quranic versions?***
124"Be sure I will cut off your hands and your feet on opposite sides and I will cause you all to die on the cross."
***The cruel and unusual punishment for treason described above is applied in Islamic Shari'a law. Crucifixion was not used by either the Jews or the pagan Arabs and this type of punishment was copied by Muhammad from the New testament and wrongly assumed that it was used by the Pharaohs. The angel Gabriel could not have made such repeatedly blatant mistake***
125They said: "for us we are but sent back unto our Lord.
126>"But thou dost wreak thy vengeance on us simply because we believed in the signs of our Lord when they reached us! Our Lord! pour out on us patience and constancy and take our souls unto thee as Muslims (who bow to thy will)"[Muslimeena]!
#1083 These Egyptians, by their patience and constancy, show that their repentance was true. Thus in their case the mission of Moses was fulfilled directly, and their number must have amounted to a considerable figure. They were martyrs to their faith, and their martyrdom affected their nation in two ways. In the first place, as they were the pick of those who practised magic in Egypt, their conversion and disappearance dealt a staggering blow to the whole system. Secondly, the indirect effect of their martyrdom on the commonalty of Egypt must have been far greater than can be measured by numbers. The banner of Allah was planted, and the silent spiritual fight must have gone on ever since, though history, in recording outward events, is silent on the slow and gradual processes of transformation undergone by Egyptian religion. From a chaotic pantheon of animals and animal gods, the worship of the sun and the heavenly bodies, and the worship of the Pharaoh as the embodiment of power, they gradually came to realise the oneness and mercy of the true God. After many glimpses of Monotheism on Egyptian soil itself, the (gospel of Jesus reached them, and eventually Islam.)
*** As has been repeatedy shown, neither the Quranic version nor its interpretation are a truthful description of the Biblical events but only a hindsight and forced creation to fit the agenda of the new cult. According to the Bible, there were no converts to God among the Egyptians***
127>Said the chiefs of Pharaoh's people: "wilt thou leave Moses and his people to spread mischief in the land and to abandon thee and thy gods?" He said: "Their male children will we slay; (only) their females will we save alive; and we have over them (power) irresistible."
#1084 Pharaoh's order against the sorcerers was drastic enough. But his Council is not satisfied. What about Moses and the Israelites? They had a seeming victory, and will now be more mischievous than ever. They appeal to Pharaoh's vanity and his superstition and sense of power. "If you leave them alone," they say, "where will be your authority? You and your gods will be defied!" Pharaoh has a ready answer. He was really inwardly cowed by the apparent power of Moses. He dared not openly act against him. But he had already, before the birth of Moses, passed a cunning order to destroy the whole people of Israel. Through the instrumentality of midwives (Exod. i. 15) all the male children were to be destroyed, and the females would then be for the Egyptians: the race of Israel would thus be at an end. This order was still in force, and would remain in force until the despised race was absorbed. But Egyptian cunning and wickedness had no power against Allah's Plan for those who had faith. See verse 129 below. (7.127)#
*** This is a further deliberate misrepresentation of the Biblical story by the interpreter who has so far proven himself very knowledgeable of its contents but who invariably chooses to either ignore or to pervert its stories to cover up the fact that the Quran is, as invariably in error.
The order to slay the Hebrew males was given by Pharaoh before the birth of Moses.
Exodus 1: "...5. And the king of Egypt spoke to the Hebrew midwives, and the name of one was Shiphrah, and the name of the other Puah;16. And he said, When you do the office of a midwife to the Hebrew women, and see them upon the stools; if it is a son, then you shall kill him; but if it is a daughter, then she shall live"***
128> Said Moses to his people: "Pray for help from Allah and (wait) in patience and constancy: for the earth is Allah's to give as a heritage to such of his servants as He pleaseth; and the end is (best) for the righteous.
#1085 Notice the contrast between the arrogant tone of Pharaoh and the humility and faith taught by Moses. In the end the arrogance was humbled, and humility and faith were protected and advanced.#
*** Since the Quran agrees that God can give any part of the Earth to whomsoever He pleases, then why do the Arabs and Muhammadans refuse to allow the Jews back to their Promised Land, even though the Quran itself asserts that Allah had promised it to them?
This land was promised to them for as long as they kept their covenant with God regarding circumcision and only that. (Genesis 15:18 & 17:8-10)***
129>They said: "We have had (nothing but) trouble both before and after thou comest to us." He said: "It may be that your Lord will destroy your enemy and make you inheritors in the earth; that so He may try you by your deeds."
#1086 There is a slight note of querulousness in the people's answer. But Moses allays it by his own example and courage, and his vision of the future: which was amply fulfilled in time. See verse 137 below. (7.129)1087 The Israelites, despised and enslaved, were to be rescued and made rulers in Palestine. David and Solomon were great kings and played a notable part in history. But the greatness of Israel was conditional: they were to be judged by their deeds. When they fell from grace, other people were given honour and power. And so it came to be the turn of the Muslims, and so on. Allah gives His gifts to those who are righteous and obey His Law#
*** The interpreter makes two very blatant but deliberate items of mis-information.
First, the Bible does not call the Promised Land Palestine but Canaan.
Second, the Israelites were Muslims themselves, since they believed in the One and Only God, as the Quran itself attests.
He should have said the Arabs instead of the Muslims, but he deliberately politicized the meaning of the verse by doing his best to deny the fact that Islam belongs to the People of the Book also.
This deception has been continued for the last 1400 years***
130> We punished the people of Pharaoh with years (of drought) and shortness of crops; that they might receive admonition.
#1086 There is a slight note of querulousness in the people's answer. But Moses allays it by his own example and courage, and his vision of the future: which was amply fulfilled in time. See verse 137 below. 1087 The Israelites, despised and enslaved, were to be rescued and made rulers in Palestine. David and Solomon were great kings and played a notable part in history. But the greatness of Israel was conditional: they were to be judged by their deeds. When they fell from grace, other people were given honour and power. And so it came to be the turn of the Muslims, and so on. Allah gives His gifts to those who are righteous and obey His Law.#
*** The Quran as usual, jumps from one subject in one period of history to another unrelated subject in another period of history.
In the case above, the years of draught were under Joseph NOT Moses. Even the interpreter did not think it wise to elaborate or belabour the point; he just ignored the implication.
It is inconceivable that the angel Gabriel could have made so many extremely important mistakes in both the theological and historical fields if it were he who 'revealed' the Quranic verses to Muhammad***
130> But when good (times) came they said "this is due to us"; when gripped by calamity they ascribed it to evil omens connected with Moses and those with him! Behold! in truth the omens of evil are theirs in Allah's sight but most of them do not understand!
131But when good (times) came they said "this is due to us"; when gripped by calamity they ascribed it to evil omens connected with Moses and those with him! Behold! in truth the omens of evil are theirs in Allah's sight but most of them do not understand!
132> They said (to Moses): "whatever be the signs thou bringest to work therewith the sorcery on us we shall never believe in thee."
133> So We sent (plagues) on them wholesale death Locusts Lice Frogs and Blood: signs openly Self-explained; but they were steeped in arrogance a people given to sin.
#1090 Tufan = a widespread calamity, causing wholesale death and destruction. It may be a flood, or a typhoon, or an epidemic, among men or cattle. Perhaps the last is meant, if we may interpret by the Old Testament story. See also Exod. ix. 3, 9, 15; xii. 29. 1091 In xvii. 101, the reference is to nine Clear Signs. These are: (1) the Rod (vii. 107), (2) the Radiant Hand (vii. 108), (3) the years of drought or shortage of water (vii, 130), (4) short crops (vii. 130), and the five mentioned in this verse, viz., (5) epidemics among men and beasts, (6) locusts, (7) lice, (8) frogs, and (9) the water turning to blood#
*** The interpreter's disregard and utter contempt for the truth and veracity, is astounding. Although his knowledge of the Bible is excellent, he has -in this case- deliberately misrepresented the historical facts and is purposefully misleading the readers.
The Bible's description and enumeration of the plagues -TEN of them- that befell Egypt before the Exodus are clear and cannot be changed by any one for whatever purpose (Exodus Chapters 7-12). The interpreter's items 1-4 are not Biblical plagues and he knows it.
His dilemma is actually verse 17:101 where in the Quran mentions only NINEplagues instead of the actual TEN. He should have at least enumerated nine plagues and left one out instead of perverting the original story.
His tampering with the facts is endemic throughout the Quran***
134>Every time the penalty fell on them they said: "O Moses! on our behalf call on thy Lord in virtue of his promise to thee: if thou wilt remove the penalty from us we shall truly believe in thee and we shall send away the children of Israel with thee."
135> But every time We removed the penalty from them according to a fixed term which they had to fulfil Behold! they broke their word!
#1093 The intercession of Moses was to pray. Each plague or penalty had its appointed term in Allah's decree. That term was duly fulfilled before the plague ceased. The intercession meant two things: (1) that Allah's name was invoked and His presence duly brought home to the mind and heart of the sinner who promised repentance, and (2) that the sinner was given a further chance when the prayer was accepted. This again is a universal truth.#
*** It is by DIVINE JUSTICE that the historical records based on the Ahadith show beyond a shadow of a doubt, that it was Muhammad who invariably broke his word with any and all with whom he had previously agreed treaties, as soon as it was expedient for him to do so***
136>So We exacted retribution from them: We drowned them in the sea because they rejected Our signs and failed to take warning from them.
137> And We made a people considered weak (and of no account) inheritors of lands in both east and west lands whereon We sent down our blessings. The fair promise of the Lord was fulfilled for the children of Israel because they had patience and constancy and We levelled to the ground the great works and fine buildings which Pharaoh and his people erected (with such pride).
#1096 Israel, which was despised, became a great and glorious nation under Solomon. He had goodly territory, and was doubly blest. His land and people were prosperous, and he was blessed with wisdom from Allah. His sway and his fame spread east and west. And thus Allah's promise to Israel was fulfilled. Note that Syria and Palestine had once been under the sway of Egypt. At the same time the proud and rebellious Pharaoh and his people were brought low. The splendid monuments which they had erected with so much skill and pride were mingled with the dust. Their great cities-Thebes (or No-Ammon), Memphis (or Noph, sacred to the Bull of Osiris), and the other splendid cities, became as if they had not existed, and archaeologists have had to dig up their ruins from the sands. The splendid monuments-temples, palaces, tombs, statues, columns, and stately structures of all kinds-were buried in the sands. Even monuments like the Great Sphinx, which seem to defy the ages, were partly buried in the sands, and owe their rescue to the comparatively recent researches of archaeologists. As late as 1743 Richard Pococke in his Travels in Fgypt (p. 41), remarked: "Most of those pyramids are very much ruined."#
*** The interpreter either deliberately -for political reasons- or through ignorance, missed the meaning of this verse. The East and West mentioned above have nothing to do with Solomon's empire but everything to do with the borders of the Promised Land.
Exodus 15: 18"In the same day the Lord made a covenant with Abram, saying, To your seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the river Euphrates" The Land of Israel bestrode both sides of the river Jordan: East and West***
138> We took the children of Israel (with safety) across the sea. They came upon a people devoted entirely to some idols they had. They said: "O Moses! fashion for us a god like unto the gods they have." He said: "surely ye are a people without knowledge.
#1097 Who were these people? We are now in the Sinai Peninsula. Two conjectures are possible. (1) The Amalekites of the Sinai Peninsula were at perpetual war with the Israelites. They were probably an idolatrous nation, but we have very little knowledge of their cult. (2) From Egyptian history we know that Egypt had worked from very ancient times some copper mines in Sinai. An Egyptian settlement may have been here. Like all mining camps it contained from the beginning the dregs of the population. When the mines ceased to be worked, the settlement, or what remained of it, must have degenerated further. Cut off from civilisation, its cult must have become still narrower, without the refining influences which a progressive nation applies even to its idolatry. Perhaps Apis, the sacred bull of Memphis, lost all its allegorical meaning for them, and only gross and superstitious rites remained among them. The text speaks of "some idols they had," implying that they had merely a detached fragment of a completer religion. This was a snare in the path of the Israelites, whom many generations of slavery in Egypt had debased into ignorance and superstition.#
*** The Quran is yet again wrong and is misrepresenting the Biblical story, since it was to Aaron and not to Moses that the Israelites asked to make them idols.
Exodus 32: …"1. And when the people saw that Moses delayed to come down from the mount, the people gathered themselves together to Aaron, and said to him, Arise, make us gods, which shall go before us; and as for this Moses, the man who brought us out of the land of Egypt, we do not know what became of him".
Is Gabriel again to blame for this error as well as for the hundreds of others that he allegedly inspired Muhammad with?
All these deliberate errors seem to be more Satanic in origin than
139"As to these folk the cult they are in is (but) a fragment of a ruin and vain is the (worship) which they practice."
140>He said: "Shall I seek for you a god other than the (true) Allah when it is Allah who hath endowed you with gifts above the nations?"
141> And remember We rescued you from Pharaoh's people who afflicted you with the worst of penalties who slew your male children and saved alive your females: in that was a momentous trial from your Lord.
142>We appointed for Moses thirty nights and completed (the period) with ten (more): thus was completed the term (of communion) with his Lord forty nights. And Moses had charged his brother Aaron (before he went up): "Act for me amongst my people: do right and follow not the way of those who do mischief."
143> When Moses came to the place appointed by Us and his Lord addressed him[kallamahu Rabbuhu] he said: "O my Lord! show (Thyself) to me that I may look upon thee." Allah said: "by no means canst thou see Me (direct); but look upon the mount; if it abide in its place then shalt thou see Me." When his Lord manifested his glory on the mount He made it as dust and Moses fell down in a swoon. When he recovered his senses he said: "Glory be to Thee! to thee I turn in repentance and I am the first to believe." )
*** Studying this verse carefully shows it to be grammatically and logically in error. It starts with Allah saying 'When Moses came to the place appointed by Us', which is in first person majesty, and the next word by Allah " and his Lord addressed him..."which is in the third person mode. It should have read" and We addressed him...".
How is it possible that Allah can make such a blatant linguistic error, if it were he who was 'inspiring' Muhammad?***
144> (Allah) said: "O Moses! I have chosen thee Above (other) men By the mission I (have Given thee) and the words I (have spoken to thee): Take then the (revelation) Which I give thee And be of those Who give thanks."
145 And We ordained laws for him in the Tablets [Alwah] in all matters both commanding and explaining all things (and said): "take and hold these with firmness and enjoin thy people to hold fast by the best in the precepts: soon shall I show you the homes of the wicked (how they lie desolate)."
#1107 The Tablets of the Law contained the essential Truth, from which were derived the positive injunctions and prohibitions, explanations and interpretations, which it was the function of the prophetic office to hold up for the people to follow. The precepts would contain, as the Shari'at does, matters absolutely prohibited, matters not prohibited but disapproved, matters about which there was no prohibition or injunction, but in which conduct was to be regulated by circumstances; matters of positive and universal duty, matters recommended for those whose zeal was sufficient to enable them to work on higher than minimum standards. No soul is burdened beyond its capacity; but we are asked to seek the best and highest possible for us in conduct.1108 Notice the transition from the "We" of authority and honour and impersonal dignity, to the "I" of personal concern in specially guiding the righteous. 1109 Literally, the homes of the wicked, both individuals and nations, lie desolate, as in the case of the ancient Egyptians, the 'Ad, and the Thamud.#
*** Several of the Islamic Sharia laws alluded to above are copies and/or modifications of the Hebrew Written and Oral Laws. Others are unique to Muhammad's Quran ***
146>Those who behave arrogantly on the earth in defiance of right them will I turn away from My signs they will not believe in them; and if they see the way of right conduct they will not adopt it as the way; but if they see the way of error that is the way they will adopt; for they rejected Our signs and failed to take warning from them.
147>Those who reject Our signs and the meeting in the hereafter vain are their deeds: can they expect to be rewarded except as they have wrought?
148>The people of Moses made in his absence out of their ornaments the image of a calf (for worship): it seemed to low: did they not see that it could neither speak to them nor show them the way? They took it for worship and they did wrong.
149When they repented and saw that they had erred they said: "If our Lord have not mercy upon us and forgive us we shall indeed be of those who perish."
150>When Moses came back to his people angry and grieved he said: "evil it is that ye have done in my place in my absence: did ye make haste to bring on the judgment of your Lord?" He put down the tablets seized his brother by (the hair of) his head and dragged him to him. Aaron said: "son of my mother! the people did indeed reckon me as naught and went near to slaying me! make not the enemies rejoice over my misfortune nor count thou me amongst the people of sin."
151>Moses prayed: "O my Lord! forgive me and my brother! admit us to Thy mercy! for Thou art the Most Merciful of those who sow mercy!"
152>Those who took the calf (for worship) will indeed be overwhelmed with wrath from their Lord and with shame in this life: thus do We recompense those who invent (falsehoods).
153>But those who do wrong but repent thereafter and (truly) believe verily Thy Lord is thereafter Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.
154> When the anger of Moses was appeased he took up the Tablets [Alwah]: in the writing thereon was guidance and mercy for such as fear their Lord.
155 And Moses chose seventy of his people for Our place of meeting: when they were seized with violent quaking he prayed: "O my Lord! if it had been Thy will Thou couldst have destroyed long before both them and me: wouldst Thou destroy us for the deeds of the foolish one among us? This is no more than Thy trial: by it Thou causest whom Thou wilt to stray and Thou leadest whom Thou wilt into the right path. Thou art our protector: so forgive us and give us Thy mercy; for Thou art the best of those who forgive.
#1121 Seventy of the elders were taken up to the Mount, but left at some distance from the place where Allah spoke to Moses. They were to be silent witnesses, but their faith was not yet complete, and they dared to say to Moses: "We shall never believe in thee until we see Allah in public" (ii.55). They were dazed with thunder and lightning, and might have been destroyed but for Allah's mercy on the intercession of Moses. 1122 Rajfat: violent quaking, earthquake, I take it to refer to the same event as is described by the word Sa'iqat in ii. 55, the thunder and lightning that shook the mountainside. 1123 Moses was guiltless, but he identifies himself with his whole people, and intercedes with Allah on their behalf. He recognises that it was a trial, in which some of his people failed to stand the test. Such failure was worthy of punishment. But he pleads for mercy for such as erred from weakness and not from contumacy, and were truly repentant, although all who erred were in their several degrees worthy of punishment.#
*** This time it is the interpreter who twisted and perverted the actual Biblical verses for the sole purpose of showing the seventy elders (Numbers 11:16, 24) in bad light as ungrateful and doubting unbelievers.
In the Bible they did not utter a single word as described by the interpreter who knows his subject very well but who chooses to deceive the readers so as to fulfil his agenda of calumny and hate against the Jews.
Exodus 24:1" And he said to Moses, Come up to the Lord, you, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel; and worship from far away…..9. Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel"
Almost all the verses 131 to 156 are derived but contorted from the Bible***
156> "And ordain for us that which is good in this life and in the hereafter: for we have turned unto Thee." He said: "with My punishment I visit whom I will; but My mercy extendeth to all things. That (Mercy) I shall ordain for those who do right and practice regular charity and those who believe in Our signs;
*** The Israelites had no concept of the 'hereafter' that the Quran erroneously mentions, nor did they yet have the concept of Paradise.
On both subjects the Quran is wrong because it was Muhammad in his days that the Jews had already 'formulated' these beliefs. Gabriel should have known better if it were he who informed Muhammad***
157 "Those [al latheena] who follow the apostle the unlettered [al ummi] prophet [al nabi] whom [al lathee] they find mentioned in their own (Scriptures); in the law and the Gospel; (for he) commands them what is just and forbids them what is evil: (he) allows them as lawful what is good (and pure) and prohibits them from what is bad (and impure); (He) releases them from their heavy burdens and from the yokes that are upon them. So it is those who believe in him honor him help him and follow the light which is sent down with him it is they who will prosper."
#1127 In this verse is a prefiguring, to Moses, of the Arabian Messenger, the last and greatest of the messengers of Allah. Prophecies about him will be found in the Taurat and the Injil. In the reflex of the Taurat as now accepted by the Jews, Moses says: "The Lord thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me" (Deut. xviii. 15): the only Prophet who brought a Shari'at like that of Moses was Muhammad Al- Mustafa, and he came of the house of Ismail the brother of Isaac the father of Israel. In the reflex of the Gospel as now accepted by the Christians, Christ promised another Comforter (John xiv. 16): the Greek word Paraclete which the Christians interpret as referring to the Holy Spirit is by our Doctors taken to be Periclyte, which would be the Greek form of Ahmad. See Q. lxi. 6. 1128 Aglal: plural of gullun, a yoke, an iron collar. In the formalism and exclusiveness of the Jews there were many restrictions which were removed by Islam, a religion of freedom in the faith of Allah, of universality in the variety of races, languages, manners and customs.1129 Light which is sent down with him: the words are "with him", not "to him", emphasizing the fact that the Light which he brought illumines every one who has the privilege of joining his great and universal Fellowship.1130 Falah = prosperity in its general sense as well as in its spiritual sense. In the general sense it means that right conduct is the only door to happiness and well-being. In the spiritual sense it means that Faith and its fruits (right conduct) are the only gates to salvation#
*** This is a remarkable verse because neither its garbled content nor its sequence in the narrative make sense.
It is actually a microcosm of the Quran in general; full of un Godly grammatical, linguistic, historical and theological errors and totally incoherant.
Let us analyze this verse, step by logical step.
It starts with,"Those [al latheena] who follow the apostle the unlettered [al ummi] prophet [al nabi]..." meaning his followers.
Then it follows with enigmatic "..whom [al lathee] they find mentioned in their own (Scriptures)...". This does not make an iota of sense, since neither Muhammad nor his followers had any scripture in which he is found mentioned.
The verse - as usual in the Quran - mixed and garbled TWO distinct ideas:
First, that Muhammad was unlettered (ignorant of previous revelations) with a following.
Second, the Quran is alleging that Muhammad is predicted both in the Torah and in the New Testament; which of course, is false, totally untrue and cannot be proven by any follower of Muhammad.
According to all the relevant verses mentioned in the Quran, he and his followers were unlearned and ignorant of previous revelations -even assuming they were literate- then how could they have known about the contents of the Torah and the Gospels where in, allegedly but not truthfully Muhammad was predicted?
The garbled message continues "for he [Allah?] commands them what is just and forbids them what is evil: he [Allah?] allows them as lawful what is good (and pure) and prohibits them from what is bad (and impure); He releases them from their heavy burdens and from the yokes that are upon them" Are the verses spoken by Muhammad and/or Gabriel? Grammatically, structurally and linguistically, this is a totally garbled verse which no divinity could have ever stooped to be part of.
Muhammad was never predicted in the Torah and the quotation from Deuteronomy 18: 15" The Lord your God will raise to you a Prophet from your midst, from your brothers, like me; to him you shall listen" very clearly does not relate to him since he is not descended from Isaac's progeny.
The interpreter continues his indemonstrable allegations regarding the 'comforter' in the Gospel of John. In Greek, the word is 'parakletos' which means 'one called alongside' and has absolutely nothing to do with any Ahmad as absurdly concluded by so called 'Muslim Doctors'.
Neither Muhammad nor anyone else in particular were or are predicted in the Torah or the New Testament; only true prophets in general terms are. Most of them are mentioned in the Bible but totally ignored by Muhammad and his Quran.
The alleged greatest of all the prophets received his message through a second party, Gabriel, and not directly from Allah as was done to Abraham and Moses.
No one who receives Allah's inspirations and commands indirectly could ever be superior to the one who receives it directly or 'face to face'. It was Muhammad, after all, who was allegedly tricked by Satan to announce verses that were not given to him by Allah, an event that did not befall any of the -presumably inferior- Hebrew prophets.
More over, as compared to the Biblical legislation, Muhammad and the Quran offered a lot that is new and beneficial to the pagan Arabs, but not an iota of advantage to the People of the Book ***
158 Say: "O men! I am sent unto you all as the apostle of Allah to Whom belongeth the dominion of the heavens and the earth: there is no god but He: it is He that giveth both life and death. So believe in Allah and His apostle the unlettered Prophet who believed in Allah and His words: follow him that (so) ye may be guided."
#"Unlettered," as applied to the Prophet here and in verse 157 above, has three special significations. (1) He was not versed in human learning: yet he was full of the highest wisdom, and had a most wonderful knowledge of the previous Scriptures. This was a proof of his inspiration. It was a miracle of the highest kind, a "Sign", which every one could test then, and every one can test now. (2) All organised human knowledge tends to be crystallized, to acquire a partial bias or flavour of some "school" of thought. The highest Teacher had to be free from any such taint, just as a clean slate is necessary if a perfectly clear and bold message has to be written on it. (3) In iii.20 and lxii. 2, the epithet is applied to the Pagan Arabs, because, before the advent of Islam, they were unlearned#
*** The 'unlettered' adjective is used to describe both Muhammad and the pagan Arabs since they had no knowledge of previous Revelations of the One and Only God prior to the Quran.
In this verse, it is Muhammad and not Gabriel who is arrogating to himself the position of 'Rassool al Allah', Allah's Messenger. As usual, he created this self promoting verse to suit his purposes. It is also totally untrue that he was knowledgeable and versed in the previous Scriptures.
From the Quranic stories and verses, it can be shown -beyond a reasonable doubt- that he had bits and pieces of information that he learnt from his contacts with the various religious orders in Arabia such as that of the Jews, Christians, Sabeans, Hanifs, Zoroatrians and others.
The Quran itself is based upon a mosaic of unrelated and plagiarised precepts, ideas and traditions gleaned from all of the above but mostly from the pagan Arabian religion. It is also very clear from this verse that it was not ordained by Allah but a boast of self glorification by Muhammad himself "…I am sent to you…" ***
159Of the people of Moses there is a section who guide and do justice in the light of truth.
160> We divided them into twelve tribes or nations. We directed Moses by inspiration when his (thirsty) people asked him for water: "Strike the rock with thy staff": out of it there gushed forth twelve springs: each group knew its own place for water. We gave them the shade of clouds and sent down to them manna and quails (saying):
*** The above verse confuses two independent events in the Torah and combines them into one. The Quran is full of these anomalies and misrepresentations of the actual texts of the Bible.
This is a repeat of 2:60. Exodus 15: 27 "And they came to Elim, where were twelve wells of water, and seventy palm trees; and they encamped there by the waters" and Exodus 17: 6 " Behold, I will stand before you there upon the rock in Horeb; and you shall strike the rock, and water shall come out of it, that the people may drink. And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel"
Very conveniently and for obvious reasons, the interpreter refrained from quoting from the Biblical text lest the 'rabbit comes out of the bag' of 2:57.
Moreover, Moses was not 'inspired' by the Almighty as suggested above, but was given direct 'verbal' instructions unlike the cases with Muhammad who 'received' his 'inspirations' in secondary format from allegedly, the angel Gabriel.
The Quran is trying to equate Muhammad's 'spiritual inspirations' with the unassailable achievements of Moses' "Kalim U'llah" - the one who talked to the Almight directly- (S4:164)***
161And remember it was said to them: "Dwell in this town and eat therein as ye wish but say the word of humility and enter the gate in a posture of humility; We shall forgive you your faults; We shall increase (the portion of) those who do good."
*** 'And Remember' is yet another meaningless mantra repeated many times in the Quran reminding the pagan Arabs of previous revelations.
This of course is further contradiction in terms in the context of the Quran since the pagan Arabs, including Muhammad, did not know anything of previous revelations and hence were called 'Jahiliyoun or Ummyioun' that is ignorant of the Bible and the New Testament.
Hence it is nonsensical to say 'and remember' if they had no knowledge of the item to start with***
162But the transgressors among them changed[baddala] the word [qawlan/saying] from that which had been given them [qila lahum/said to them]; so We sent on them a plague from heaven for that they repeatedly transgressed.
*** Among the numerous accusations raised against both the Jews and Christians is that they both 'changed' the words of their books or perverted them.
The Quran actually only accuses them of misrepresenting or mistranslating or misinterpreting the words but NEVER once that they actually changed or tampered with the written text***
163 Ask them concerning the town standing close by the sea. Behold! they transgressed in the matter of the Sabbath. For on the day of their Sabbath their fish did come to them openly holding up their heads but on the day they had no Sabbath they came not: thus did We make a trial of them for they were given to transgression.
#137 Cf. ii. 65 and n. 79. Fishing, like every other activity, was prohibited to Israel on the Sabbath day. As this practice was usually observed, the fish used to come up with a sense of security to their water channels or pools openly on the Sabbath day, but not on other days when fishing was open. This was a great temptation to the law-breakers, which they could not resist. Some of their men of piety protested, but it had no effect. When their transgressions, which we may suppose, extended to other commandments, passed beyond bounds, the punishment came#
*** The Israelites must have encountered the cleverest fish in the world. So clever in fact, that these fish were able to discern in an extremely short period of time that for six days they were not safe except on the seventh day, the Sabbath. In fact, these fish surpass the interpreter's intelligence by far in his imbecile attempt at trying to explain the unexplainable.
There is obviously an inherent contradiction in the verse above because if the fish were not being fished on the Sabbath, then the people concerned were definitely NOT breaking its prohibition.
Hence, 'making a trial of them' only means that their enormous temptation to fish, had to be tempered with obeying the Law; otherwise if they did fish, then there would have been no trial but only subsequent punishment.
Anyway, why is the Quran all of a sudden -which does not accept the holiness of the Sabbath - dwelling so much on this particularly Jewish subject?
The Quran is invariably more severely focused on the unity of Allah than on any other distractive subject.
The belief of the Jews in the unity of God has NEVER been in doubt and the historical record confirms it over the millenia while the alleged descendants of Ishmael, the Arabs, from whom Muhammad is purportedly one, were steeped in paganism and SHIRK***
164When some of them said: "why do ye preach to a people whom Allah will destroy or visit with a terrible punishment?" Said the preachers: "to discharge our duty to your Lord and perchance they may fear him."
*** Since they have already been pre-destined by Allah to be destroyed, the question is irrelevant and irrational***
165 When they disregarded the warnings that had been given them We rescued those who forbade evil; but We visited the wrong-doers with a grievous punishment because they were given to transgression.
166 When in their insolence they transgressed (all) prohibition We said [Qulna] to them: "Be ye apes despised and rejected."
# 1139 Cf. ii. 65, n. 79#
*** This is the same stupid, idiotic, lame and unsubstantiated explanation of the accusation made in 2:65. What is most important to note is the fact that Allah only 'said to them' but did NOT turn them into apes***
167>Behold! thy Lord did declare that He would send against them to the Day of Judgment those who would afflict them with grievous penalty. Thy Lord is quick in retribution but he is also Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.
168>We broke them up into sections on this earth. There are among them some that are the righteous and some that are the opposite. We have tried them with both prosperity and adversity: in order that they might turn (to us).
#1141 The dispersal of the Jews is a great fact in the world's history. Nor has their persecution ended yet, nor is it likely to end as far as we can foresee.#
*** The dispersal of the Jews may have been a punishment but their IN GATHERING back to their HOMELAND in ISRAEL after 2000 years, proves the utter illogic and hatred of the interpreter.
In reality it turned out to be a blessing in disguise since it is because of their dispersal that they survived being exterminated in any particular land.
The fact is, that it is the Arabs in particular and the followers of Muhammad in general, who have been and are being humiliated not by outsiders but by their own leaders and their own total diregard to any truth or fact.
It is they who are living in a self inflicted world of conspircy theories, self delusion and denial of reality.
It was and is a fact, that the followers of Muhammad divided and subdivided themselves into sects who hated, dispised and massacred each other and hence cannot by any standard of logic, assume a superior moral status***
169> After them succeeded an (evil) generation: they inherited the Book but they chose (for themselves) the vanities of this world saying (for excuse): "(everything) will be forgiven us." (Even so) if similar vanities came their way they would (again) seize them. Was not the covenant of the Book taken from them that they would not ascribe to Allah anything but the truth? And they study what is in the Book. But best for the righteous is the home in the hereafter: will ye not understand?
#1142 Merely inheriting a Book, or doing lip service to it, does not make a nation righteous. If they succumb to the temptations of the world, their hypocrisy becomes all the more glaring. "High finance" is one of these temptations. Cf. also ii. 80: "the Fire shall not touch us except for a few numbered days": and ii. 88, about their blasphemous self-sufficiency. (7.169) 1143 Cf- Exod. xix. 5-8; xxiv 3; xxxiv. 27; and many other passages.#
*** This verse of the Quran became the first among others that gave license to attack not only the Jews, but the Christians as well by alleging that they are not the true believers in the original revelations since both 'peoples' perverted and altered the meaning of their 'original' Books.
Of course, neither the Quran nor its followers have any knowledge -whether oral or written- of what these alleged 'original' Books were actually saying.
Moreover, what is even more pertinent, is the fact that the followers of Muhammad turned out to be no better than the People of the Book whom they so virulently condemn.
They too have become divided into warring sects; they too have succumbed to temptations; they too have many who are corrupt and evil; they too turned out to be very fallible humans no matter what the Quran instructed them to do***
170>As to those who hold fast by the Book and establish regular prayer; never shall We suffer the reward of the righteous to perish.
171> When We shook the mount over them as if it had been a canopy and they thought it was going to fall on them (We said): "Hold firmly to what We have given you and bring (even) to remembrance what is therein; perchance ye may fear Allah."
# The Mountain of Sinai (Tur-u-Sinin) a prominent mountain in the Arabian desert, in the peninsula between the two arms of the Red Sea. Here the Ten Commandments and the Law were given to Moses. Hence it is now called the Mountain of Moses (Jabal Musa). The Israelites encamped at the foot of it for nearly a year. The Covenant was taken from them under many portents (Exod. xix. 5,8,16,18), which are described in Jewish tradition in great detail. Under thunder and lightening the mountain must indeed have appeared an awe-inspiring sight above to the Camp at its foot. And the people solemnly entered into the Covenant: all the people answered together and said, "All that the Lord hath spoken we will do."#
*** The meaning being that when the Israelites held back from accepting the Torah, Allah lifted Mount Sinai over their heads to force their reception of it. A similar tale is given in the Talmud thus: "I raised the mount to be a covering over you, as it were a lid" which is from Jewish folklore in the Abodah Sarah.
It need hardly be said, that there is nothing of this story mentioned in the Bible. The tale, however, may have arisen from the fact that when Moses returning from Mount Sinai, saw his people worshipping the calf,
Exodus 32:19"his anger waxed hot and he cast the tables (of the Law) out of his hands, and brake them beneath the mount."
words "beneath the mount," simply mean, that he cast the tables down at the foot of Mount Sinai; and hence, all this wild fiction of the mountain being lifted over their heads is due to Muhammad's failure - as usual - to understand the actual events of the Biblical story.
As usual with the unlearned Muhammad, he assumed that Jewish folklore was part of the Torah.
What is even more important from Muhammad's psychological profile, he wants the reader to believe that the Israelites too were FORCED to believe in the Law in the same manner that he forced the pagan Arabs to believe in him; by threat, through terror and by the sword***
172>When thy Lord drew forth from the children of Adam from their loins their descendants and made them testify concerning themselves (saying): "Am I not your Lord (who cherishes and sustains you)?" They said: "Yea! we do testify!" (This) lest ye should say on the Day of Judgment: "of this we were never mindful."
173> Or lest ye should say: "Our fathers before us may have taken false gods but we are (their) descendants after them: wilt thou then destroy us because of the deeds of men who were futile?"
174 Thus do We explain the signs in detail! and perchance they may turn (unto Us).
*** No where in the Quran is there mention of signs/miracles that were shown to Muhammad or his followers like those shown to the Israelites.
The Quran attests to only one miracle, and that is the Quran itself***
175>Relate to them the story of the man to whom We sent our signs but he passed them by: so Satan followed him up and he went astray.
176If it had been Our will We should have elevated him with our signs; but he inclined to the earth and followed his own vain desires. His similitude is that of a dog: if you attack him he lolls out his tongue or if you leave him alone he (still) lolls out his tongue. That is the similitude of those who reject our signs; so relate the story; perchance they may reflect.
177Evil as an example are people who reject Our signs and wrong their own souls.
178Whom Allah doth guide he is on the right path: whom He rejects from His guidance such are the persons who perish.
*** Allah is the one who decides who will err and ends up in Hell and who will do good and ends up in Paradise.
According to the Quran, Humanity has neither Free Will nor Choice in the matter.
None the less, the allegedly Merciful & Compassionate Allah finds great pleasure and joy watching them being tortured, boiled and burnt in his Hell although they are innocent of any crime, since they did NOT CHOOSE to commit any***
179>Many are the Jinns and men We have made for Hell: They have hearts wherewith they understand not eyes wherewith they see not and ears wherewith they hear not. They are like cattle nay more misguided: for they are heedless (of warning).
*** Since the Jinn are made from FIRE anyway, how could Hell be their punishment?
Since when are associates of the Devil strangers to Hell? Where in the Torah are the Jinn mentioned as a separate part of God's creation?***
180>The most beautiful names belong to Allah: so call on Him by them; but shun such men as use profanity in His names: for what they do they will soon be requited.
181>Of those We have created are people who direct (others) with truth and dispense justice therewith.
182Those who reject Our signs We shall gradually visit with punishment in ways they perceive not.
183Respite will I grant unto them: for My scheme is strong (and unfailing).
184Do they not reflect? Their companion is not seized with madness: he is but a perspicuous warner.
185> Do they see nothing in the government [malkoot] of the heavens [al samawat] and the earth [ardth] and all that Allah hath created? (Do they not see) that it may well be that their term is nigh drawing to an end? In what message after this will they then believe?
*** Government in this instance refers to the Kingdom of God.
All the above important words are plagiarized and pirated from the Syriac of the Christians.
The above terms and concepts did not exist in the Arabic of the pagan Arabs until Muhammad's alleged 'revelations'***
186 To such as Allah rejects from His guidance there can be no guide; He will leave them in their trespasses wandering in distraction.
*** Again and again, one has to repeat the following just as many times as the Quranic verses pertaining to the subject of pre destination:
Allah is the one who decides who will err and ends up in Hell and who will do good and ends up in Paradise.
According to the Quran, Humanity has neither Free Will nor Choice in the matter.
Once more, I have to repeat that the Merciful & Compassionate Allah enjoys watching the UNBELIEVERS being tortured, boiled and burnt in his Hell although they are innocent of any crime, since they did NOT CHOOSE to commit any of them ***
187>They ask thee about the (final) hour when will be its appointed time? Say: "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (alone): none but He can reveal as to when it will occur. Heavy were its burden through the heavens and the earth. Only all of a sudden will it come to you. They ask thee as if thou wert eager in search thereof: Say: "The knowledge thereof is with Allah (alone) but most men know not."
188Say: "I have no power over any good or harm to myself except as Allah willeth. If I had knowledge of the unseen I should have multiplied all good and no evil should have touched me I am but a warner [nadthiru] and a bringer of glad tidings to those who have faith."
*** Repeatedly in the Quran, both Allah and Muhammad assert that he is only a messenger who knows nothing of the unseen nor is he capable of performing miracles.
All the miracles that were later attributed to him in the Ahadith were concocted by his followers to give him greater if not equal importance to Moses, Jesus and the other Hebrew prophets***
189> It is He who created you from a single person and made his mate of like nature in order that he might dwell with her (in love). When they are united she bears a light burden and carries it about (unnoticed). When she grows heavy they both pray to Allah their Lord (saying): "if Thou givest us a goodly child we vow we shall (ever) be grateful."
*** The Quran has almost twenty versions of the creation of Man.
What is most disturbing about the Quran is that it does not mention the names of the most important women in the Bible:
Eve the mother of all humanity;
Sarah, the wife of Abraham and the mother of Issac
and last - but not least- Hagar, the mother of the most important person in the history of the Arabs, their alleged forefather, Ishmael ***
190But when He giveth them a goodly child they ascribe to others a share in the gift they have received: but Allah is exalted high above the partners they ascribe to Him.
*** This verse is a continuation of the presceding one and is hence related to Adam and Eve. Since according to the Quran, Adam was a prophet of Allah, and since he had no knowledge of anything besides Allah, then how was it possible for him and his wife to ascribe the birth of their son to any other entity?
The verse is a contradiction of the other Quranic verses as well as of
191Do they indeed ascribe to Him as partners things that can create nothing but are themselves created?
192No aid can they give them nor can they aid themselves!
193If ye call them to guidance they will not obey: for you it is the same whether ye call them or ye hold your peace!
194Verily those whom ye call upon besides Allah are servants like unto you: call upon them and let them listen to your prayer if ye are (indeed) truthful!
195Have they feet to walk with? or hands to lay hold with? or eyes to see with? or ears to hear with? Say: "Call your god-partners scheme (your worst) against me and give me no respite!
196>"For my protector is Allah Who revealed the Book (from time to time) and He will choose and befriend the righteous.
197"But those ye call upon besides Him are unable to help you and indeed to help themselves."
198If thou callest them to guidance they hear not. Thou wilt see them looking at thee but they see not.
199Hold to forgiveness; command what is right; but turn away from the ignorant.
200> If a suggestion from satan assail thy (mind) seek refuge with Allah; for He heareth and knoweth (all things).
201>Those who fear Allah when a thought of evil from satan assaults them bring Allah to remembrance when lo! they see (aright)!
*** The concept of Satan was also plagiarized from Jewish and Christian traditions since the pagan Arabs had no knowledge or belief in such an entity***
202But their brethren (the evil ones) plunge them deeper into error and never relax (their efforts
203If thou bring them not a revelation they say: "Why hast thou not got it together?" Say: "I but follow what is revealed to me from my Lord: This is (nothing but) lights from your Lord and guidance and mercy for any who have faith."
204When the Qur'an is read listen to it with attention and hold your peace: that ye may receive Mercy.
205And do thou (O reader!) bring thy Lord to remembrance in thy (very) soul with humility and in reverence without loudness in words in the mornings and evenings; and be not thou of those who are unheedful.
206Those who are near to thy Lord disdain not to do Him worship: They celebrate His praises and bow down before Him.